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Yvette Alberdingk Thijm
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Yvette J. Alberdingk Thijm is the executive director of WITNESS. She is an attorney with nearly two decades of experience in media and new technology. Prior to joining WITNESS, she served as Executive Vice President of Content Strategy & Acquisition at Joost, the global online video platform formed by Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis, the founders of Skype and Kazaa. Previously, Alberdingk Thijm spent more than a decade at MTV Networks International (MTVNI) and was instrumental in its international growth and its forays into new media.

Entries by Yvette Alberdingk Thijm

Borrowing a Wedding Photographer's Camera To Document War Crimes

(0) Comments | Posted September 23, 2015 | 9:23 AM

A few minutes into his opening statement in the case against Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga Dyilo before the International Criminal Court in 2009, the prosecutor stopped speaking. He pointed to a screen with video footage that slowly lingers over a group of child soldiers. To make his case, he simply punctuated the visual images with a short repeated question: "This one?, This one?, This one?"

To convict Lubanga of war crimes, the Office of the Prosecutor needed to prove that children under the age of 15 were being conscripted and enlisted. When Lubanga was convicted in 2012, the prosecutor commented that "but for the sounds and images" presented in this case, the court could not have brought its charges successfully.

At my organization WITNESS, we believe that visual imagery has a unique, visceral power to unearth the truth and aid justice. In almost 25 years of supporting activists and human-rights defenders in the use of video to secure peace and justice, we have seen proof of visual imagery's superpowers. Video can make it impossible to deny a survivor's story, can convince a judge, can persuade a decision-maker, or can propel lawmakers to enact laws to protect victims of abuse. Most important, it can be the thing that turns a personal or a community's story of abuse into a powerful tool for justice.

It took the proverbial village of NGOs, activists, prosecutors and witnesses to convict Lubanga. Bukeni Waruzi, a Congolese human-rights activist (who is now a WITNESS staff member), went to great lengths to borrow a film camera from a local wedding photographer, disguise himself as a journalist, and film visual evidence of war crimes like these being committed by Lubanga, only to spend years of persistent advocacy to ensure that his videos would be used to secure justice for child soldiers.

Today, technology has put the power of human-rights documentation in the hands of millions if not billions of potential Bukenis. From citizens in Syria who become first-hand documenters of atrocities like cylinder bombs in Daraya, to documentary filmmakers in the Ukraine who are using their cameras to expose the truths of a conflict.

Yet the swell in documentation of human-rights abuses has not translated in an equal measure of justice.

At WITNESS, we think a lot about the enormous promise that visual imagery holds to catalyze peace and justice and how to best capitalize on the opportunity of our generation. Technology has made it possible to capture, expose, document, and share visual information of injustice in unprecedented ways. To smooth the way to achieving the Sustainable Development Goal #16 -- Peace and Justice -- there are challenges that need to be addressed:

Our criminal-justice systems are not equipped to take advantage of this momentum in creation of media and cannot effectively integrate it.

The millions of citizen witnesses who are often the first to expose abuse, operate at extraordinary risks.

More often than not, mobile-phone documentation gets lost, is not trusted, or lacks important data to give it the evidentiary boost to make it count to deliver justice or to function as evidence in court.

There are solutions to these challenges and when applied they can go a long way to helping achieve SDG#16, including:

Addressing the skills-and-knowledge gap that this new generation of human-rights monitors and documenters face. They need access to tips and best practices, including, for example, simple guidance on how to preserve their mobile video and how to use video as evidence.

The criminal-justice system needs to understand how to evaluate and integrate enormous doses of visual data into the justice system.

There are technology solutions, like the CameraV app, that can fortify the trustworthiness of citizen media and help preserve important visual data, that should be standard functionalities that are "by design" embedded in every camera phone or media-sharing platform.

The social-media platforms (like Facebook, Google or Twitter) that are the keepers and facilitators of the way that human-rights documentation gets shared by citizen witnesses, should adopt human-rights-friendly functionalities and policies, that make the users of their platforms safer and make it easier to trust and find videos that capture or can prove a perpetrator's guilt.

To achieve SDG#16, we need to unleash the power of many. We must move from a world where a limited number of professional advocates and activists are hard at work to make their cases in a system that cannot absorb, integrate or trust the most immediate and powerful visual information about injustice, to a world where visual evidence, captured and presented by (literally) millions, can transform and catalyze the way human-rights advocacy and justice is delivered.

To make Peace and Justice truly sustainable, I believe that one of the answers lies in ensuring that every citizen, everywhere, can contribute their piece to a just and peaceful society.

The world today is very different from when Bukeni Waruzi picked up the local-village wedding photographer's camera. It's up to us to take advantage of this moment in time to boost SDG#16's chances of success.

This post is part of a series produced by The Huffington Post, "What's Working: Sustainable Development Goals," in conjunction with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The proposed set of milestones will be the subject of discussion at the UN General Assembly meeting on Sept. 25-27, 2015 in New York. The goals, which will replace the UN's Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015), cover 17 key areas of development -- including poverty, hunger, health, education, and gender equality, among many others. As part of The Huffington Post's commitment to solutions-oriented journalism, this What's Working SDG blog series will focus on one goal every weekday in September. This post addresses Goal 16.

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Police Violence, Cameras, and Why Video Matters

(0) Comments | Posted December 11, 2014 | 11:21 AM

Twenty-three years ago, an African-American man, Rodney King, was beaten by police officers from the Los Angeles police department. A bystander, George Holliday, captured the abuse on his handy-cam. This now-historic video prompted international outrage, launched a national conversation about police brutality, and forever changed the power dynamics...

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Why Venture Capitalist Investors Should Care More About Human Rights Values

(0) Comments | Posted November 25, 2014 | 1:37 PM

In the aftermath of the revelation that technology start-up Uber would consider using its private customer data, such as travel logs, to track down the private lives of reporters, the word "values" was bantered around a lot by the media. Paradoxically, Uber Senior Vice President Emil Michael--who suggested...

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How Do We Ensure That More People Using Video Equals More Rights?

(0) Comments | Posted September 2, 2014 | 1:56 PM

Over the past few weeks, I have spent more time glued to my screen than any other period during my six year tenure as Executive Director of WITNESS. Every day, more videos of recent or live-streamed violence, conflict, and human rights abuses reach our devices and our collective consciousness.

Citizen-shot...

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A Video That Helped Convict a Warlord and What It Could Mean for Kony 2012

(3) Comments | Posted March 19, 2012 | 3:11 PM

Last week we celebrated a long and hard fought human rights victory: the conviction of Thomas Lubanga, a Congolese warlord, by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for the war crime of using children in armed conflict.

Video of child soldiers and interviews with (former) child soldiers, filmed...

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Technology Companies: The New Human Rights Players

(4) Comments | Posted December 10, 2011 | 10:33 AM

In 2011, tens of millions of people took to the streets in protest to defend their human rights. With the help of cell phones, YouTube, Twitter and Facebook, we have been able to monitor and track violations taking place all across the world. Even in Syria, where no journalists are...

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Video for Change: The ICC and Justice for Child Soldiers in the DRC

(1) Comments | Posted February 4, 2009 | 2:52 PM

In a small and relatively inconspicuous courtroom in Holland, not far from where I, as a child, spent countless hours building sandcastles on the beach, a landmark case unfolds. The International Criminal Court (ICC), the world's first war crimes tribunal, commenced its first trial Monday Jan 26, 2009 -- the...

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