08/22/2012 07:58 am ET Updated Oct 22, 2012

Syria Conflict: Desperation In Rebel-Held Town Of Azaz

By Oliver Holmes

AZAZ, Syria, Aug 22 (Reuters) - Syrian rebel fighters speak proudly of the day forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad fled in their tanks from the northern town of Azaz as civilians armed with hunting rifles pushed into the main square. Yet a month on, there is no feeling of liberation here.

Eight km (five miles) down the main road, army troops still control a military airport from which they fire missiles almost nightly into the heart of Azaz, a town where more than half the residents have fled and refuse to return. And last week, a fighter jet dropped two bombs on a central residential district killing at least 30 people.

"We are not liberated. We'll have to wait until after Assad is overthrown, I think," said Abu Imad, a young activist and ex-law student who left the University of Aleppo in his final year to join a burgeoning protest movement as it started in March 2011.

Much of eastern Syria bordering Iraq, northern areas bordering Turkey and even rural parts of central Syria have fallen out of Assad's control as he has focused his fight on cities such as Aleppo, Hama and Damascus. That has left many outlying towns and villages in a similar situation to Azaz.

Azaz is in limbo: unable to move on with ordinary life even if feared government loyalists are not in the streets. Piles of rubbish lie outside, schools remain closed and the main hospital is empty - the staff fled to the other side of the Turkish border, three km (two miles) away.

Few streets remain unscathed from months of bombing and shop shutters are twisted by explosions. The families that remain sit expressionless in the shade outside their houses. The odd teenage rebel fighter with a scratched up assault rifle in hand will scoot by on a motorbike.


Many of the town's sons who fought in Azaz have formed brigades and moved down to the frontline in Aleppo, Syria's largest city of 2.5 million people where army troops battle rebel units neighbourhood by neighbourhood.

Their bodies return on stretchers to Azaz, reminding this sleepy border town that the war is far from won. On Tuesday, an 18-year-old fighter died in the morning on the frontline, killed by a sniper bullet to the head.

Funerals here are a regular occurrence and the visitors to the house of Amar Ali Amero were inexpressive, looking at his body wrapped in blankets before going outside to wait for the procession. Only Amar's closest family members seemed shocked that he had died.

His mother wailed as relatives held her up and his father fainted on sight of his dead son. After a moment of unconsciousness, he was splashed with water and woke up to realise for a second time that he had lost his son.

At the graveyard, men moved like robots to bury Amar.

The ritual is well-known and dozens of fresh graves lie in rows. The older tombstones from peacetime are beautifully fashioned out of marble with Arabic calligraphy. The hurried new ones are a chipped pieces of smooth stone with the names, birth and death dates scribbled on with felt-tip pens.

Several graves had been dug in preparation for the inevitable continued fatalities. Some were only four feet long. "For babies," said a man walking by. Amar died on Tuesday morning and by 2:30 p.m. his body was under Azaz soil. The crowd dispersed.


As with many towns across the country, it would be inaccurate to say Azaz is completely under the control of rebels.

The Syrian army decided to withdraw to the nearby military airport, a huge base housing five helicopters. Fighters say 400 men are stationed there but have decided to stay put for now.

In an olive grove a few hundred metres from the airport hide four rebels armed with AK47 assault rifles. They have one rocket-propelled grenade launcher and a heavy machine gun attached to the back of a pick-up truck.

"We have teams around the airport that start shooting when the helicopters take off. They have been unable to resupply the base for four days as they can't take off," Mahmoud Khajali, a rebel fighter said.

But these rebels say they are worryingly exposed. They say there is little chance they can take the airport while Assad controls the skies. Whenever they fire on the airport they come under mortar fire and sometimes face strikes by fighter jets.


Hopes for help from the outside world have been silenced and many now feel anger, saying they have been left for dead. People here have been trying for months to garner food, medicine and weapons from countries that have thrown angry rhetoric at Assad but have been unable to halt the killing.

"America is with Bashar. All of Europe is with Bashar," shouted a man as he squatted on a concrete boulder inside his bombed-out house. Last week, his son and daughter died and now his home for 40 years has been split in two. Passersby look directly into the kitchen and bathroom. While Muhammed Omar Ramdo spoke, his entire body shook as he held back the tears.

Only a trickle of food is brought across the border and reaches Azaz. There is no sign of international aid here and residents say they are running out of supplies. Baby milk is the hardest to come by, they say. The mosque organises the distribution of rice, pasta and chickpeas to families here but says there is not enough to go around.

Rebels say that all their weapons and ammunition are looted from Assad's troops during battles.

"We have not received one lira from outside," said rebel commander Abu Musaab Al-Surie shortly before a missile whizzed over the farm house where he is staying and landed in Azaz.

The fight is far from won, he adds.

"We'll do this ourselves."



09/09/2012 12:25 PM EDT

Syria Blasts Aleppo By Air

09/05/2012 7:50 AM EDT

Syrian City In Flames

08/25/2012 1:45 PM EDT

Lebanese Pilgrim Freed


Hussein Ali Omar, 60, one of 11 Lebanese Shiite pilgrims that Syrian rebels have been holding for three months in Syria, hugs his mother, right, upon arrival at his house in the southern suburb of Beirut, Lebanon, 2012. Syrian rebels freed Omar on Saturday in a move aimed at easing cross-border tensions after a wave of abductions of Syrian citizens in Lebanon. The Shiite pilgrims were abducted May 22 after crossing into Syria from Turkey on their way to Lebanon. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

08/24/2012 12:22 PM EDT

Daraya, Syria


This image made from video and released by Shaam News Network and accessed Thursday, Aug. 23, 2012, purports to show the funeral of children in Daraya, near Damascus, Syria. Syrian troops backed by tanks and helicopters broke into a Damascus suburb on Thursday following two days of shelling and intense clashes as part of a widening offensive by President Bashar Assad's forces to seize control of parts of the capital and surrounding areas from rebel fighters, activists said. At least 15 people were killed in the offensive on Daraya, only a few miles (kilometers) southwest of Damascus. (AP Photo/Shaam News Network SNN via AP video)

08/24/2012 11:05 AM EDT

Lebanon Sees Heaviest Clashes In Months

Clashes between Assad supporters and opponents of the Syrian regime killed two people in Lebanon on Friday, the Associated Press reports. 17 people were injured.

The AP gives more context:

Syria was in virtual control of its smaller neighbor for many years, posting tens of thousands of troops in Lebanon, before withdrawing under pressure in 2005. Even without soldiers on the ground, Syria remains influential, and its civil war has stirred longstanding tensions that have lain under Lebanon's surface.

Read more on HuffPost World.

08/24/2012 11:02 AM EDT

Tripoli, Lebanon


A Sunni gunman fires a gun during clashes that erupted between pro and anti-Syrian regime gunmen in the northern port city of Tripoli, Lebanon, Friday, Aug. 24, 2012. The latest round of fighting first erupted on Monday in northern Lebanon and at least 15 have been killed in Tripoli this week and more than 100 have been wounded in fighting that is a spillover from Syria's civil war. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

08/24/2012 11:00 AM EDT

Refugee Numbers Soar

@ KenRoth :

UN reports 200,000 #Syria refugees, 30,000 in past week alone. Many more internally displaced not counted.

08/23/2012 2:00 PM EDT

Azaz, Syria


Syrian boy Musataf Alhafiz, 11, who fled his home with his family due to fighting between the Syrian army and the rebels, carries his brother Saif, 9 months, while he and others take refuge at the Bab Al-Salameh border crossing, in hopes of entering one of the refugee camps in Turkey, near the Syrian town of Azaz, Thursday, Aug. 23, 2012. Thousands of Syrians who have been displaced by the country's civil war are struggling to find safe shelter while shelling and airstrikes by government forces continue. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen)

08/23/2012 12:09 PM EDT

Heaviest Bombardment This Month

Helicopter gunships shelled Damascus on Wednesday as Syrian security forces intensified their assault on the capital. Activists report that at least 47 people were killed.

"The whole of Damascus is shaking with the sound of shelling," a woman in the neighborhood of Kfar Souseh told Reuters.

Read more on HuffPost World.

08/23/2012 10:56 AM EDT

Al Aan-Reporter Jenan Moussa Tweets:

@ jenanmoussa :

Graphic. We saw in a mosque in #Syria these 4 children staring at dead body. Pic by @HaraldDoornbos: #warsucks @akhbar