He was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, in an India that was still under British colonial rule. During a life dedicated to the non-violent pursuit of freedom, he became known as Mahatma, meaning Great Soul.
When Gandhi was killed, 66 years ago on Thursday, India had just won its independence and Gandhi had become a civil rights icon. Gandhi's assassin was a Hindu nationalist who was angered by Mahatma's vision of an open, pluralistic country.
On the anniversary of his death, The WorldPost looks at 10 photos that illustrate the poise, humility and noble defiance that made Gandhi an icon around the globe.