Some call it the Black Wind. Each autumn it brings punishing storms to the Visayas, a handful of islands scattered around the eastern Philippines. The Black Wind carries torrential rain and intense gusts, and on Nov. 8, 2013, it barreled through the islands with the most powerful sustained winds ever recorded on land — nearly 200 miles an hour.
Super Typhoon Haiyan (known as “Yolanda” in the Philippines) killed more than 6,000 people, ripping a path of destruction across several islands. The storm surge rose an astounding 17 feet. An estimated 3 to 4 million people were displaced.