03/09/2015 10:41 am ET Updated Mar 09, 2015

The Great Escape That Changed Africa's Future

Xose Manuel Casal Luis via Getty Images

When Lilica Boal was a little girl in Tarrafal, a dusty colonial town at the northern reaches of the Cape Verdean island of Santiago, she could see a concentration camp from her home.

“The prisoners would arrive in trucks covered in black cloth so no one could see who was inside,” she says. “Once they were in the colony there was almost total silence about their lives.”

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