Dr Diouf started his career following completion of his studies: Bachelor of Science in Agriculture from the Ecole nationale d'agriculture, Grignon-Paris (France), Master of Science in Tropical Agronomy from the Ecole nationale d'application d'agronomie tropicale, Nogent-Paris (France), Doctor of Philosophy in Social Sciences of the Rural Sector (Agricultural Economics) from the Faculté de droit et de sciences économiques, Panthéon - Sorbonne, Paris (France).
Since 1963, Dr Diouf has held several positions of responsibility in national and international agricultural institutions: Director of the European Office and the Agricultural Programme of the Marketing Board (Paris/Dakar); Executive Secretary of the African Groundnut Council in Nigeria; Executive Secretary of the West Africa Rice Development Association in Liberia and Adviser to the President and Regional Director of the International Development Research Centre, Ottawa (Canada).
His expertise was put at the service of the executive and legislative branches of the Senegalese Government as Secretary of State for Science and Technology in the Cabinet and Member of Parliament; Chairperson of the Foreign Relations Committee and Secretary–elect, Dakar (Senegal); Ambassador, Permanent Mission of the Republic of Senegal to the United Nations, New York (USA).
He also served as Secretary-General and Special Adviser to the Governor of the Central Bank for West African States, Dakar (Senegal).
Dr Diouf was elected Director-General of FAO on 8 November 1993, and he is currently serving his third mandate.
He has served on the boards of a number of international institutions and produced several scientific publications. He has received numerous high awards from governments around the world and various academic recognitions (Doctor Honoris Causa and Membership of Academies of Agriculture and Science).