It's hard to wrap one's head around the latest research numbers on plastic -- 4.8 to 12.7 million tons of the stuff makes its way from land into our oceans annually.
University of California, Santa Barbara's National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis researcher, Roland Geyer, has a grim visual "eight million metric tons -- the midpoint of our estimate -- would cover an area 34 times the size of Manhattan ankle-deep in plastic waste."
Adding this onslaught to plastic already afloat in the ocean -- approximately 5.25 trillion pieces -- and the situation seems beyond dire. But as the tide of plastic trash rises, so does the real-time impetus to combat the problem.
With this goal in mind ninety students -- ranging from 11 to 18 years old -- will gather at Dana Point's renowned Ocean Institute this Friday, for the intensive three-day Plastic Ocean Pollution Solutions (POPS) Leadership Summit.
Coming from all over the U.S., as far afield as the Caribbean, India and Africa, these students already grasp the severity of the ocean plastic situation. They won places at the summit based on innovative ideas on how best to: monitor, raise public awareness, and ultimately reduce this non- biodegradable waste.
This is one of the most problematic aspects of plastic: its non-biodegradability. Instead what plastic does is photodegrade -- in the presence of sunlight it breaks into smaller and smaller pieces, hence the mind-boggling estimate of plastic particles inundating our oceans. Plastic particles are mistaken as food by fish and filter feeders, so are entering food chains that eventually lead to the world's top predator -- us.
With plastic production set to quadruple by 2050 (280 million tons are currently produced annually), and 85 percent of ocean trash being plastic, it's going to be all hands on deck to deal with the coming deluge.
No one is more aware of the catastrophe this increased production poses to marine ecosystem health than Long Beach native, Captain Charles Moore. He inadvertently discovered the Great Pacific Garbage Patch -- the swirling soup of plastic debris in the Pacific's north eastern gyre -- when he sailed through it on a trip from Hawaii to California in 1997.
For the past 15 years Captain Moore has researched plastic and its ramifications on marine life, while also campaigning for remediation of the growing plastic crisis. Captain Moore founded Algalita Marine Research and Education, and believes socially-networked students are the ideal messengers to spread the word.
To this end, Algalita's third annual POPS Summit will provide students with a real-life skill set to take out into the world. Workshops include hands-on scientific collection and analysis of coastal seawater while aboard the Ocean Institute and Algalita research vessels. Students will have the chance to take their leadership and public speaking skills up a notch; and explore film-making and social media as community engagement tools.
The students will be in good hands for this conscious-raising effort. This year's team of experts and workshop leaders includes: Beth Terry, author of My Plastic Free Life; New York Times best selling author, scientist and ocean conservation enthusiast, Dr. Wallace "J" Nichols; Executive Director and co-founder of 5-Gyres Institute, Anna Cummins; youth eco-conscious-raising powerhouses Danni Washington and Jordan Howard; and Captain Charles Moore, whose best-selling book Plastic Ocean is bringing worldwide attention to the phenomenon.
What started as a chance discovery of floating plastic debris, become a groundswell, and is now an international movement. Today states are banning single-use plastic bags, and people are rethinking their relationship to a throw-away lifestyle.
These ninety students and their twenty-five advisors are tackling burgeoning plastic waste head on, training to become citizen-scientists advocating for plastic trash reduction, and with it their own sustainable future.