The earth has shifted, at least in California. The statewide minimum wage increase to $15 is a huge victory for progressive forces.
On Thursday the state legislature approved a sweeping plan to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour over the next six years. It will increase the current $10 to $10.50 next January, then $11 the following year, and increase by $1 annually until 2022, then increase each year by the cost of living.
The federal minimum wage has been stuck at $7.25 an hour since 2009. Twenty nine states and Washington, D.C., have higher minimum wages than the federal level. The hike to $15 will put California ahead of all other states.
The new law will boost paychecks for millions of California workers. More than 40% of California workers earn less than $15 dollars an hour. By putting more money in people's pockets, the pay increase will improve the economy by increasing consumer spending in businesses throughout the state.
The state Assembly approved the plan by a 48 to 26 vote, then the Senate voted for it by a 26 to 12 margin. All but two Democrats -- Assembly members Tom Daly of Anaheim and Adam Gray of Merced -- voted for the bill, sponsored by Senator Mark Leno of San Francisco and championed by Senate President Pro Tem Kevin de Leon of Los Angeles. No Republican voted in either chamber for the measure. Gov. Jerry Brown will sign the law in Los Angeles on Monday.
"At its core, this proposal is about fairness," de León told the Los Angeles Times.
How did it happen?
- In 1994, Baltimore adopted the first municipal "living wage" law, requiring companies with city subsidies and contracts to pay employers a few dollars more than the minimum wage. The idea quickly spread and, pushed by unions and community organizing groups like ACORN, more than 150 cities passed similar "living wage" laws in the 1990s and early 2000s. Most of these laws effected relatively few employees, but they helped change public awareness about the plight of the growing numbers of "working poor;"
- Beginning in 2011, Occupy Wall Street changed the nation's conversation about inequality and the 1%;
- In the past few years, fast-food workers, big box chain workers, janitors, and other low-wage employees mobilized campaigns demanding that their employers provide better pay and working conditions. In response, McDonalds, Wal-Marts and some other corporations raised wages, although not enough to allow families to make ends meet;
- Inspired by their counterparts in Seattle, who won a $15 citywide minimum wage in 2014, activists in many California cities -- Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oakland, San Diego, San Jose, Richmond, Long Beach, Pasadena, Santa Monica, Emeryville, Berkeley, and others, as well as Los Angeles County (the largest in the state), won local minimum wage laws, most of them leading to $15;
- Throughout the state, ordinary people invested their time and talent to these efforts. They made lots of phone calls, planned meetings, organized marches and rallies, knocked on doors, elected good people to office, kept the heat up, and spread the word about the fight for $15;
- In a bold move, SEIU and the labor movement threatened to put a15 minimum wage ballot measure before the voters, which led the Democratic legislators and Gov. Jerry Brown to agree to avoid an expensive statewide media campaign by adopting Kevin de Leon's bill;
- These efforts changed public opinion by telling the stories of real people trying to make ends meet on poverty level wages. Polls show that an overwhelming majority of voters want the minimum wage to be a living wage;
- Bernie Sanders' campaign lifted up the demand for a $15 federal minimum wage and gave it more visibility;
- The incompetence of the business community, especially the CA Chamber of Commerce and the California Restaurant Association, which was caught off-guard. Equally important is the public's growing hostility toward big business lobby groups that claim that every progressive reform -- consumer and environment protections, fair taxes, workers' rights, and others -- is a "job killer." Most people don't believe them anymore.
These are the things that movements do when they are at their best.
Peter Dreier is professor of politics and chair of the Urban & Environmental Policy Department at Occidental College. His most recent book is The 100 Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame (Nation Books).