CULTURE & ARTS
02/15/2016 09:30 am ET

LOL, Internet Slang Around The World Is More Similar Than You'd Think

Americans aren't the only ones embracing hyperbole, fragments and 😂.
Getty/HPMG

Finicky grammarians are quick to bemoan the unsavory act of texting. Messaging online -- without punctuation or proper spelling -- is the death of good writing, some say. The #youths, with their penchant for errant capitalization, are killing language, others lament.

According to linguist John McWhorter, however, this narrow view of texting misses the point entirely. “Texting is not writing at all,” McWhorter claims. Instead, texting -- which he dubs “fingered speech” -- is a form of communication that exists between verbal speech and writing. Far from killing language, he believes texting allows us to do something new: write like we speak.

Free of consideration for capital letters or commas, the kinds of messaging that happen on apps like Snapchat or What's App let people creatively attribute meaning to constantly shifting strings of letters, words, not to mention emoji and GIFs. It’s what McWhorter refers to as “emergent complexity.” Like slang speech, “texting is loose in its structure,” he explained in his widely-viewed TED Talk. Because of this, new terms can be introduced as quickly as old terms take on new meaning.

Take for example, the Internet-savvy term LOL. What once served as an acronym for the oft-used phrase “laugh out loud”  -- What did I think of that dancing baby GIF? I LOL-ed, of course -- has been superseded by a newer and ever-expanding class of digital colloquialisms: dyyying, *dead*, can’t even. Today, we “die” as we watch a video of dogs walking in shoes for the first time. We’re, like, LITERALLY dead. In fact, we cannot even.

 

LOL, on the other hand, has morphed into a show of empathy, or what linguists like McWhorter refer to as a pragmatic particle. The sort of knee jerk reaction is used less as an affirmation of hilarity and more as a soft, accommodating gesture. “I’m so done with Monday,” your bestie texts. “LOL, I hear ya,” you respond. She catches the drift.

In SMS, on GChat, in Slack -- we’re regularly introduced to these novel phrases, acronyms and onomatopoeia, whose definitions are one thing today and another the next. (And yes, teens are often behind these creative twists and turns.) Many English speakers now intuitively understand that "asdfjkl;asdfjkl;" isn't a typo but an expression of unbridled excitement, that "THIS" is not just the beginning of an unfolding phrase. The desire to pack information into 140-character tweets or similarly bite-sized messages leads to fragments and rogue letters and hyperbole that we just... get. 

"When texting and other forms of online communication started becoming popular 15 or 20 years ago, conditions were ripe for creating a profusion of acronyms," Naomi Susan Baron, professor of linguistics at American University and author of Words Onscreen: The Fate of Reading in a Digital World, explained to The Huffington Post, noting that acronyms can be traced back to Roman times. "As a kind of insider slang, acronyms (like emoticons) enabled users to show they were members of a cognoscenti that excluded outsiders, who didn't know the symbols' meanings."

And this cognoscenti stretches across languages. Whether we’re texting in Greek or Korean, Tunisian Arabic or Canadian English, users are navigating the various ways people express amusement and compassion one acronym at a time. You’d be hard-pressed to find a language that doesn’t have a version of LOL, or an abbreviation that rings vaguely true. French speakers even use the acronym "mdr" which translates to "mort de rire." It means, of course, death from laughter.

To further explore the international world of texting -- and the complex ways people attribute meaning to slang -- we reached out to HuffPost editors around the world and asked them to send us examples of the new kinds of words, phrases and abbreviations they use in text messages or online chats. From “fico” to “osef” to “lacrou,” these are the terms that -- though many aren’t used in verbal speech -- make texting and online conversations intriguing across the globe.

  • France
    French speakers also use the term "<strong>osef</strong>," which literally translates to&nbsp;&ldquo;on s'en fout,&rdquo; or&
    French speakers also use the term "osef," which literally translates to “on s'en fout,” or “who cares?” Often times, the term is used in forums and social networks for trolling -- or as a response to a troll... or both.

    For example, in response to a text like "Sarkozy avait l'air bien en forme aujourd'hui (Sarkozy seemed really fired up today)," a person might reply: "osef (who cares)."
  • Brazil
    <strong></strong>Portuguese speakers in Brazil use the term "<strong>lacrou</strong>," which literally translates to "sealed.
    Portuguese speakers in Brazil use the term "lacrou," which literally translates to "sealed." A person might use the term when they want to commend someone for something: "O discurso do oscar da Viola Davis no ano passado -- ela lacrou (Viola Davis’ oscar speech last year -- she sealed)!"
  • Canada
    Of course, the standard Canadian interjection "<strong>eh</strong>" reigns supreme on the Internet too.&nbsp;Meant as an emph
    Of course, the standard Canadian interjection "eh" reigns supreme on the Internet too. Meant as an emphatic statement, it can be used at the end of any text or chat to make it into a question, thereby bringing someone else into the conversation. Like, “The weather's been wild this winter, eh?”
  • China
    Another phrase,<strong>&nbsp;</strong>"城里人真会玩" (pronounced "<strong>cheng li ren zhen hui wan"</strong>),<strong>&nbsp;</stro
    Another phrase, "城里人真会玩" (pronounced "cheng li ren zhen hui wan"), translates to "you city folks really know how to party." It’s an expression of excitement and is partially self-deprecating, as the speaker is referring to themself as someone who is behind the times.

    For example, one person might text, "我刚去中央公园玩LARP了 (I just went LARPing in central park)!" and the receiver might reply, "城里人真会玩。(Cheng li ren zhen hui wan)."
  • Italy
    In Italian,&nbsp;there's also "<strong>bella</strong>" which is used frequently to express something along the lines of "hey,
    In Italian, there's also "bella" which is used frequently to express something along the lines of "hey, dude.” It can be used to say hello or goodbye, but is only intended for people you know. "Bella ragazzi! Come va (Bella! How are you guys)?" someone might text.
  • Korea
    Besides Korea's version of "hahaha," there's "<strong>헐</strong>" which is pronounced like "heol."&nbsp;It's kind of like "hu
    Besides Korea's version of "hahaha," there's "" which is pronounced like "heol." It's kind of like "huh!" of "what?!" in English. It's used to represent a person’s mild surprise or shock -- sometimes a few exclamation marks are attached like, "헐!" or "헐!!!!!".

    So, someone might say, "나 어제 길거리에서 내 전 여자친구봤다 (Guess who I saw yesterday on the street. My ex-girlfriend)!" And the receiver would comment, "헐! 진짜 어색했겠다 (Heol! Bet that was awkward)."
  • Tunisia
    The abbreviation "<strong>slm</strong>," short for&nbsp;"salam,&rdquo; literally means&nbsp;&ldquo;peace.&rdquo;&nbsp;It&rsqu
    The abbreviation "slm," short for "salam,” literally means “peace.” It’s used as a greeting to initiate discussion. A morning chat might be read: "Slm, ça va (Hello, how are you)?"
  • Spain
    Spanish speakers in Spain also use the term&nbsp;"<strong>jo</strong>" to mean&nbsp;&ldquo;what a pity!&rdquo;&nbsp;It's usua
    Spanish speakers in Spain also use the term "jo" to mean “what a pity!” It's usually meant as a way to protest or lament something. 

    A common exchange might look like this:
    Person 1: "¿Por qué no cambias el día de la fiesta? Si lo cambias, puedo ir (Why don't you change the day of the party? If you do, I can go)."
    Person 2: "No, es imposible (No, it's impossible)."
    Person 1: "Jo, pues me encantaría ir (Jo, I would like to go)..."
  • United Kingdom
    The Brits also use "<strong>bae</strong>," an abbreviation for &ldquo;before anyone else.&rdquo;&nbsp;Originally intended as
    The Brits also use "bae," an abbreviation for “before anyone else.” Originally intended as a deeply affectionate term for a partner, the word has now spiralled out of control to include everything from pets to politicians. "Jeremy Corbyn is bae," someone might proclaim.
  • Greece
    Because many Greeks speak English, there is a whole term for the English-isation of the Greek language. It's called Greeklish
    Because many Greeks speak English, there is a whole term for the English-isation of the Greek language. It's called Greeklish. So the term "λολ" is also a direct translation of LOL.
  • India
    Another&nbsp;term in India,&nbsp;"<strong>sahi hai</strong>," roughly translates to "so cool!" It's often used when sharing a
    Another term in India, "sahi hai," roughly translates to "so cool!" It's often used when sharing a link, image or GIF.
  • Arabic Speaking Countries
    Also in Arabic, "hahaha"&nbsp;looks like&nbsp;"<strong>خخخخخخخ</strong>" or "هههههههههه".&lrm;
    Also in Arabic, "hahaha" looks like "خخخخخخخ" or "هههههههههه".‎
  • Australia
    <strong></strong>Australians use the acronym&nbsp;<strong>FFS</strong> as a shortened version of&nbsp;"for f**k's sake." For
    Australians use the acronym FFS as a shortened version of "for f**k's sake." For example, a frustrated Aussie might vent, "FFS the air con is broken and it's 40 degrees outside."
  • Japan
    Japanese speakers also use the characters<strong>&nbsp;</strong>"<strong>ノシ</strong>" <strong>(</strong>taken from a Japanese
    Japanese speakers also use the characters "ノシ" (taken from a Japanese character called Katakana that looks like the motion of arms) as a signifier of farewell. "じゃあねー ノシ" "ばいばい ノシ (See You ノシ Bye ノシ)" someone might type.

Special thanks to editors at HuffPost Arabi, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Greece, Italy, Japan, Korea , Maghreb, Spain, and UK for their contributions.

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