A report released by the Human Rights Campaign on Monday found that 46 percent of U.S. workers who identify as LGBTQ say they are closeted at work. That’s a decrease of just four percentage points since HRC’s 2008 “Degrees of Equality” report, published well before the Supreme Court’s 2015 ruling on same-sex marriage, groundbreaking advancements in transgender visibility and other LGBTQ milestones.
The latest HRC report was based on data from a sample of 804 self-identified LGBTQ people and a shorter survey gauging the perceptions of 811 people who do not identify as LGBTQ.
Half of the non-LGBTQ workers surveyed reported that there were no openly LGBTQ employees working at their company. Meanwhile, 36 percent of the LGBTQ respondents said they worried about making coworkers uncomfortable, and therefore losing connections and relationships, by openly identifying as LGBTQ.
One in 5 LGBTQ workers said they’ve been told or had colleagues imply that they should “dress in a more feminine or masculine matter,” and 31 percent said they’ve felt unhappy or depressed at work.
Researchers noted that this degree of employee dissatisfaction could be linked to the fact that 31 U.S. states still lack “clear, fully-inclusive nondiscrimination protections” for LGBTQ people. The absence of such protections leaves more than 12 million LGBTQ Americans and their families at risk of being fired, evicted or denied services, HRC said.
“While LGBTQ-inclusive corporate policies are becoming the norm, LGBTQ workers too often face a climate of bias in their workplace,” Deena Fidas, director of HRC’s Workplace Equality Program, said in a statement. “LGBTQ employees are still avoiding making personal and professional connections at work because they fear coming out ― and that hurts not only that employee, but the company as a whole.”
Fidas continued, “Even the best-of-the-best private sector employers with top-rated policies and practices must do more to nurture a climate of inclusion for all.”
In January, a GLAAD survey suggested that acceptance of the queer community in the U.S. appears to be on the decline. The 2018 Accelerating Acceptance report found that 49 percent of the non-LGBTQ respondents identified themselves as LGBTQ “allies” in 2017, down from 53 percent in 2016.
Advocates said it was the first time in the report’s four-year history that the results had indicated a drop in LGBTQ acceptance.