There has been a lot of speculation about energy issues since President Obama made clean energy and climate solutions a central part of his State of the Union Address and his Federal Budget.
People are wondering: What does it mean that Obama mentioned nuclear power as well as energy efficiency and renewables? Why did he include so-called "clean coal"? And did he really give up on a carbon cap when he spoke in New Hampshire on Tuesday?
I am glad people are engaging with these questions. After all, the Senate is considering the most important environmental votes of our generation: a clean energy and climate bill that could create nearly 2 million jobs, spur innovation in our economy, cut our dependence on dirty foreign oil, and make our nation more secure.
Still, given the politically charged atmosphere surrounding all major Congressional initiatives right now, it is easy to get confused. Here is my take on a few of the issues circulating in the news these days.
Obama Still Supports Putting a Price on Carbon Pollution
At a town hall meeting in New Hampshire, President Obama was asked if we should pass an energy bill this year and wait until later to tackle carbon emissions. The president acknowledged that passing a clean energy and climate bill could be tough --a comment that some took as a sign that Obama was backing away from a cap on carbon--but then he made clear that he supports putting a cap on carbon emissions (listen to his comments here).
The next day at the White House, President Obama elaborated on these comments, urging Senate Democrats not to take the easy way out by simply offering tax credits to clean energy companies. He called on them to take the more comprehensive approach: "The market works best when it responds to price. And if [energy companies] start seeing that, you know what, dirty energy is a little pricier, clean energy is a little cheaper, they will innovate, and they will think things through in all kinds of innovative ways."
Key Republican Leader Opposes an Energy-Only Bill
As the questioner in New Hampshire indicated, there has been talk of doing an energy-only bill now and putting off a carbon cap until some time in the future.
President Obama opposes that approaches, but so does Republican Senator Lindsey Graham, who is leading a bipartisan push for a comprehensive clean energy and climate bill. On Wednesday, Graham dismissed the energy-only idea:
It's the 'kick the can down the road' approach. It's putting off to another Congress what really needs to be done comprehensively. I don't think you'll ever have energy independence the way I want until you start dealing with carbon pollution and pricing carbon. The two are interconnected.
Graham went on to say: "If the approach is to try to pass some half-assed energy bill and say that's moving the ball down the road, forget it with me."
There Is No Such Thing as "Clean Coal"
In his State of the Union, President Obama called on the Senate to pass a comprehensive clean energy and climate bill -- a bold statement that my colleagues and I were glad to hear. Then the president went on to say that in addition to investing in renewable power and energy efficiency, he wants to see more so-called "clean coal."
NRDC knows there is no such thing as "clean coal." Every single step in the coal power cycle is dirty, from the profoundly destructive mountaintop removal mining to the smokestack emissions, which are responsible for 24,000 deaths a year. NRDC has fought for 35 years to block these filthy practices. But the reality is that coal is relatively cheap and abundant, and it generates on average half of all our electricity. Coal will continue to be a part of our energy portfolio for awhile.
The need to reduce global warming emissions is so urgent that we can not wait until we have political support for replacing all coal plants with renewable sources. We must pass a law now that gets up moving down that path, and NRDC believes that a technology known as carbon capture and storage for coal plants should be included in the bill. This is what President Obama was referring to as "clean coal." We don't think that term is appropriate, but the technology really will reduce global warming pollution from power plants.
Massive Subsidies for the Nuclear Industry Are a Mistake
President Obama called for new nuclear power plants in his State of the Union Address, and he included massive subsidies for the industry in his Federal Budget. This was not surprising for two reasons. First, nuclear power always retains a prominent -- albeit quiet -- place in federal budgets and every single energy bill includes nuclear subsidies. Second, Senate Republicans have made it clear that in order to get bipartisan support for the clean energy and climate bill, nuclear power has to be on the table.
That said, I think nuclear power is far too expensive and problematic to be an effective climate solution, and it is a mistake to increase subsidies for the industry. Energy sources should compete for public dollars based on how well they provide clean, efficient, and affordable power. On that basis, nuclear power has a long way to go: after more than 60 years of federal subsidies, it continues to be a high-cost, subsidy-dependent, radioactive-waste generating, non-renewable energy source.
NRDC will continue fighting for cheaper, cleaner alternatives, and in this fight, we have Wall Street on our side. The federal government has incentivized nuclear power for years, and yet equity firms and utilities have shown little interest in investing in costly plants (see this post on Climate Progress for shocking examples of cost overruns). We don't think the fundamentals will change any time soon.
We Need to Pass a Comprehensive Clean Energy and Climate Bill Now
In his State of the Union Address, President Obama underscored the importance of passing "a comprehensive energy and climate bill with incentives that will finally make clean energy the profitable kind of energy in America."
The best way to do that is to pass the Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act now before the Senate. We know that there will be plenty of energy companies trying to redefine their old fashioned technologies as "clean." But that's why we need to keep up the pressure to pass the strongest bill possible, one that will cap emissions and create a foundation for the development of a clean energy economy in the United States.
And we need to let our senators know where we stand -- for investment in clean energy, not old technologies. This is a landmark bill and it won't be easy, which is why we need your help and your senators need to hear from you.
This post originally appeared on NRDC's Switchboard blog.