03/16/2012 04:25 pm ET Updated May 16, 2012

Imagining the Hateful Obama

The most baleful aspect of the 2012 election is that many Americans are
eager to believe ludicrous things about President Obama. In some polling, up to
one-third of Americans claim that Obama is not a legitimate president, he
refuses to defend America's vital interests, and he is sympathetic to Islamic
radicals who want to impose Sharia law throughout the world. Over half of
have tagged Obama as a Socialist.

There was already best-selling literature and a fevered Right-blogosphere
on these themes when Obama ran for president in 2008, which heated up numerous
rallies near the end of the campaign. Today the anti-Obama conspiracy industry
is larger and more unhinged than ever, and it has a unifying slogan: "I want my
country back."

Obama is a lightning rod for the politics of fear and loathing, which raises
delicate choices for Republicans running for president. Mitt Romney, thus far,
has treaded carefully in this area, settling for attacks on Obama's purported
incompetence and his supposed sympathy for European social democracy. That is
not enough for much of the Republican base. Newt Gingrich channels the
Republican Right's resentments of the federal government, the elite media, and
above all, Obama. But Gingrich's immense baggage and out-of-control egomania
make him unelectable. Rick Santorum, thus far, has carved out an anti-Obama
spiel that is meaner than Romney's but less conspiratorial than Gingrich's.
Every day on the campaign trail, Santorum has to decide how far he should go in
stoking his group's visceral antipathy for Obama.

The Republican base has a counter-narrative about who Obama is and how he
got to be president. This story emerged from the Right-blogosphere and a flock of
bestselling books in 2008 and 2009. For tens of millions of Americans, it
provides justification for not accepting America's first black president as a
legitimate president.

The early conspiracy theorists in this area specialized in scary
descriptions of Saul Alinsky, community organizing, black liberation theology, and
Palestinian nationalism, all of which were said to have persuaded Obama to
become a radical Socialist. Gingrich often recycles this material, telling his
audiences that America unwittingly elected an Alinsky-style radical without
understanding that "community organizing" is a cover for anti-American

But Gingrich realized that the Right's sloppy list of bad things that Obama
supposedly believes had a limited reach and didn't make sense. Somehow Obama is
a European Socialist and a supporter of radical jihad at the same time; plus,
the anti-Obama movement fixated for two years on a loony conspiracy about
Obama's foreign birth. For Gingrich, this problem was solved when Dinesh
D'Souza, a popular conservative writer, got the cover of Forbes magazine in
September 2010 for an article titled "How Obama Thinks." Gingrich, Rush
Limbaugh, and Glenn Beck heaped praise on D'Souza's brilliant insight and
courageous truth-telling, which helped the book version, The Roots of Obama's
, skyrocket to number four on the bestseller list in its first week.

According to D'Souza, Obama does not relate to any tradition or aspect of
American history. Even his relationship to the Civil Rights movement is
contrived for political purposes, not something that he feels. The key to
Obama, D'Souza says, is African anti-colonial rage. Obama is a seething
anti-colonialist who views the world from the perspective of his bitter,
defeated, deceased, Kenyan father (never mind that he had almost no
relationship with his father). In D'Souza's telling, Obama aims to destroy
everything smacking of Western colonialism, which explains why he wants to
expand the power of government in domestic affairs and diminish American power
internationally. Obama yearns for the heroic grandeur of the black Africans who
defied their white British oppressors. George Washington pales by comparison,
as does the dull world of global summits to which Obama drags himself as
president of the United States.

This account is a considerable feat, being more sophisticated (as D'Souza
emphasizes) and yet even more ludicrous than the usual conspiracy fare. It
seriously describes Obama, of all people, as being consumed by racial revenge,
plus bored by the presidency. D'Souza descends to a level of race-baiting that
would have embarrassed Lee Atwater or George Wallace, conjuring Obama as a
vengefully arrogant type determined to put whitey down and take whitey's

According to Gingrich, however, D'Souza's account is singularly profound and
convincing. To understand Obama, Gingrich says, one has to understand "Kenyan
anti-colonial behavior"; otherwise, Obama is "outside our comprehension,"
exactly as he likes it: "This is a person who is fundamentally out of touch
with how the world works, who happened to have played a wonderful con, as a
result of which he is now president." Obama, Gingrich says, is "authentically
dishonest," a mode of hypocrisy that he learned as an Alinsky-style organizer.

For sheer absurdity, it would be hard to top Gingrich accusing Obama of
dishonesty and hypocrisy. But for the Republican base, there really is no such
thing as taking Obama-bashing too far.

Gary Dorrien is Reinhold Niebuhr Professor of Social Ethics at Union
Theological Seminary and Professor of Religion at Columbia University. His 16 books include
Kantian Reason and Hegelian Spirit (Wiley-Blackwell, 2012) and the recently
published The Obama Question: A Progressive Perspective (Rowman & Littlefield).