10/03/2012 07:01 pm ET Updated Dec 03, 2012

Millennium Development Goals at Risk by Protectionist Practices

Today the International Community is composed by developed and previously called Third World countries, and just recently categorized as a "developing countries". Each is categorized in a group or another depending on its internal characteristics such as economic stability, social welfare, and degree of specialization, among others.

The first are developed countries which are defined as those with greater financial capacity, access to more goods and services, competition, have a high degree of industrialization, high GDP and Per Capita GDP, their the owners of technology and media production, meanwhile the "developing countries" are those who are on track to achieve its full internal development in various sectors such as economic, political, social, etc..

Under these premises, and in order for the countries to be in the same conditions, in 2000, 189 countries met at the Millennium Summit of the United Nations, where they signed the Millennium Declaration in which they pledged to join forces to achieve in 2015, eight goals known as the "Millennium Development Goals", which are designed to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women so that the process of globalization becomes a positive force, bearing in mind the challenge of ensuring that its benefits are shared equitably, and also to abate the economic and social inequality that threaten the world.
The Goals of the Millennium Declaration have made great progress in the health issue as it has improved the access of basic services, greater equality between men and women, easier access to education, etc., however in the reduction of extreme global poverty there hasn´t been great progress.

Under these circumstances, the developed countries agreed to eliminate trade barriers, provide greater assistance and significant relief of debt towards developing countries through deep political and economic reforms coupled with the donation of 300,000 million annually to help countries that find themselves in a need to develop.

However due to the U.S and the Eurozone crisis , the support to which they had committed and agreed has decreased significantly by almost half, which amounts to 133 billion, given that the 23 major countries out of 16 have reduced significantly their contributions towards the Economic Cooperation and Development, which has led to the adoption of protectionist trade policies making it the largest inequality gap and halts the progress of these developing countries.
Protectionism is the main problem that "emerging" countries have to encounter as they depend largely on exportations, mainly to achieve a stable internal development they also depend on these international clients that come from these developed countries. These countries apply these policies during crisis mainly through insulation measures to protect its economy, causing medium term international crises and criticism.

While it is true that the UN supports various international organizations, such as the UNDP, UNICEF, UNEP, WHO, World Bank and IMF to address global contingencies, it is necessary to have a good financial infrastructure that meets global needs, on the contrary, if you lack the infrastructure it will be difficult to help these countries.

That is why our Country, which has participated in the G20 and in various International Forums have pointed out special emphasis on the results of these counter protectionist practices and promoted free trade for these developing countries and under the chairmanship of the Summit, countries were are able to commit to provide more resources to the International Monetary Fund, in order to maintain open trade after 2015 and joint efforts to implement sustainable policies that are environmentally friendly, known as "green economies", among others.

We must bear in mind that the interdependence in which we live through international cooperation is vital for the welfare of the various existing economies, so they can achieve their full potential, which results in a better quality of life for our citizens which is our main goal.