Shivanandan with his wife (behind and R) and children.
38-year-old Shivanandan Tanti, from Lodhipur village in Bihar, India, appeared for most of his life to be an ordinary poor man. The only job he could find was weaving tussar silk on an old wooden loom, exactly the way his father and grandfather had done before him. He worked just a few days a month and lived in a rough hut with his wife and five children. They ate nothing more than sattu, a powder-based food made of ground lentils and grains.
Bihar, bisected by the Ganges River and shadowed by the Himalaya Mountains, used to be infamous for crime, corruption, and lack of infrastructure, yet also is famous for the tussar silk weaving of Shivanandan's heritage. The city of Bhagalpur bears the nickname "Silk City." Bihar's current chief minister strives to build education and economic empowerment (13-14% growth in GDP in the past two years). Yet poverty persists here, child malnutrition rates soar, and most educated youth flee to neighboring states for a better life. Shivanandan doesn't need to see statistics--he's lived these struggles.
L to R: Sachi Shenoy and Sriram Gutta of Upaya Social Ventures; Shivanandan (in pink headscarf, center) and friends, under the sign for Bihar Development Trust.
Hired initially by Bihar Development Trust (BDT), a local nonprofit organization promoting entrepreneurism and economic development, Shivanandan soon revealed he was far from ordinary. He quickly progressed, showing BDT how successful a weaver could become with a minimum investment in skills training and access to steady contracts. When BDT staff saw what progress this "prototype" go-getter Shivanandan could make when given just a small chance to advance, they launched Eco Kargha. This new for-profit small business has been chosen to receive technical and funding assistance by Upaya Social Ventures, a jobs-creation nonprofit based in Seattle, WA. Upaya builds businesses that create dignified jobs to lift families out of extreme poverty ($1.25/day as measured by the World Bank) and develops holistic ecosystems that will scale and sustain these jobs for years to come. The new weaving company took on all of BDT's weaving contracts and will continue to build the business in Bhagalpur. Their social mission is to provide hundreds more jobs in Shivanandan's area and meet the growing demand for woven silk and other fabrics in India's big cities as well as export markets.
Showing what's possible when a man can access dignified, steady work, Shivanandan now carries the title of "Master Weaver." He spends three-quarters of his time on the loom, and the remainder overseeing other Eco Kargha weavers. He and his team make embroidered stoles and sarees of expensive silk for weddings and special occasions. Pedaling his bicycle into the office in Bhagalpur, ten kilometers away, Shivanandan checks in three times a week to try and procure more work. The 25 employees in the pilot Eco Kargha pilot program used to make $8 per saree; now they earn $28. They used to work about 90 days per year but now work about 250 days per year.
A proud father, Shivanandan says his whole family helps with the weaving, though he'd prefer his children just focus on their studies. Prior to joining the Eco Kargha cooperative, Shivanandan says weaving was no legacy he'd wish to pass down to them. "The life of weavers was very difficult," Shivanandan sighs. "The payments from the merchants were untimely and not transparent. We had to run behind them just to get what we honestly deserve!
"No weaver wanted his children to continue in this profession," Shivanandan muses. He sees a very different future for his children. "I hope to send my kids to the best schools, so they can get government jobs that are stable and respectful."
Shy and slow to open up at first, Shivanandan becomes animated and his hands rise and fall as he talks about his plans to buy a motorcycle to get around and sell more wares. He's built four rooms in his house; it's one of the largest homes in the village. He wants to paint it in bright colors, in cheerful contrast with the gray cinderblock and brittle thatch that dominate his village.
Shivanandan's aunt works a loom in the family home. Despite having a cataract in one eye, "She is faster at the loom than many of our neighbors," according to her nephew.
As a Master Weaver, he is also involved with Eco Kargha's sales and plans to build an open-air veranda where customers can visit comfortably to discuss orders for wedding sarees or tablecloths they'd like to order. Instead of eating just powdered Sattu, they now have a variety of rice, roti, vegetables, and even meat.
Taking advantage of the skills training provided by his new employer, Shivanandan diversified his weaving designs and became secretary of his local weavers' trust. And in a lottery-based award system through BDT, Shivanandan got to travel to India's capital city, Delhi, to visit other artisans in the large Dilli Haat gift-market. Following that trip, Shivanandan -- who used to speak only his local dialect of Angika -- taught himself Hindi, so he can converse with more customers in many places.
"I could not have stepped out of Bhagalpur if not for this work," he says. "I'm very grateful for their confidence and investing in my skills. The exposure I get from these fairs, meeting other artisans and seeing their work, helps me learn a lot."
Shivanandan still spends much of his time on the loom. He craves steady work all twelve months of the year. Advancing from 60 to 250 days of work per year is still not enough to keep his three looms humming or to feed his almost desperate ambition. Many of his neighbors--even some of his coworkers at Ecokargha--complain there's not enough work to keep food in their bellies. But Shivanandan pushes forward. We'll let you know how far he expands his sales base once he buys that delivery motorcycle . . . and what color he decides to paint his house.
This one-minute video shows how Upaya Social Ventures overcomes poverty by providing dignified jobs with reliable income:
Learn more about Upaya Social Ventures here.
Disclosure: The world's smallest family foundation, for which I work--the Skees Family Foundation--was the first organizational seed-funder of Upaya Social Ventures, as part of our mission to end poverty worldwide through such pragmatic self-help opportunities as jobs. I also serve as advisor and writer for Upaya.