Most PR specialists tell you to drop bad news on Friday. Maybe the same is true for end of the school year. We've certainly had bad news this month--but maybe it's not all bad.
Diploma Counts 2009, the annual EdWeek graduation rate study commissioned by the Gates Foundation, said, "While long-term trends have generally been encouraging, the EPE Research Center found that the nation's graduation rate dropped markedly--by almost a point and a half--between 2005 and 2006. That is the first significant annual decline found in more than a decade."
For someone that spent most of the last 10 years working on this problem it is discouraging to see the grad rate dip back below 70%. After opening hundreds of new urban high schools and most states signing the National Governor's Association Graduation Rate Compact, I thought we'd see a decade of steady increase. What's most depressing is the steep decline for African American students--something we need to understand better.
It's also frustrating to be looking at three year old data. Walmart can tell you sales by SKU for yesterday and we don't know how many kids graduated last year much less this month. Let's keep pushing for quality data, real grad rates, better high schools, and stronger supports--especially for African American urban youth.
The other bad news was the CREDO charter study which says "This study reveals in unmistakable terms that, in the aggregate, charter students are not faring as well as their traditional public school counterparts." On its face this is bad news--signs of a squandered opportunity to demonstrate the power of accountability for autonomy. Most disturbing were findings that suggested minority students and secondary students were not fairing as well in charter schools. Of the 4700 charters, there are clearly hundreds of schools that should not have been authorized and/or should have been non-renewed. That's why the work of National Association of Charter School Authorizers is so important.
However, there's more to the story. With so many young charters, there are a disproportionate percentage of first year students--more than half the charter records are first year students. The study shows that by the third year, charter students are performing higher than non-charter students in reading and math. In other words, the longer kids are in charters, the better they do. I suspect that a better student match methodology would have resulted in a much different overall conclusion.
The study didn't review graduation rates, which I suspect are higher in charter high schools. Increased persistence means larger numbers of students taking exams--a slight dampening effect on test scores, but a great overall result.
A future CREDO study will undoubtedly show the power of charter management organizations--the place the charter sector really shines. Groups like KIPP, Green Dot, High Tech High, Aspire, Uncommon Schools, Harlem Success and Achievement First are producing reliable quality under the most challenging circumstances. They are organizations designed to bring quality to scale in communities least well served by traditional public schools.