President Obama's decision to deploy 3,000 troops to Liberia in Africa to assist in efforts to contain Ebola got me to thinking about the military as white blood cells. As a military officer, I took an oath to defend the Constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic. In a sense, I was vowing to defend the collective body politic just as white blood cells defend our individual bodies against "enemy" invaders.
But when was the last time the United States faced invaders who posed a virulent and direct threat to our existence? Invaders who directly attacked (or planned to attack) and utterly defeat our body politic? You'd have to go back to World War II and Japan's attack at Pearl Harbor; similarly, Nazi Germany did have plans (that were never implemented) to take its world war to U.S. shores once the Soviet Union and Britain were defeated. Fortunately, our body mobilized its "white blood cells" and defeated (with lots of help from our allies) these enemies before they could afflict our vitals here at home.
Jump ahead to 2001 and the al Qaeda attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. Yes, they were serious and shocking and traumatic. But compared to the Nazis and the Japanese in World War II (true cancers), al Qaeda was the equivalent to a 24-hour "bug," violent in the extreme, but ultimately not a serious long-term threat to the health of America.
By calling 9/11 a "bug," I don't mean to diminish the tragedy of 9/11 for those who lost loved ones. It's just that repeats of 9/11-like attacks were not possible: al Qaeda simply lacked the resources to sustain them. There was no "cancer" that could metastasize. So there was no need to deploy our white blood cells (our troops) in extended wars, whether in Afghanistan or Iraq, the latter country of which had nothing whatsoever to do with 9/11.
Now we have the President referring to the Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL) as a "cancer" that must be eradicated, even though that "cancer" has no means of attacking the body that is our country. Despite this fact, the U.S. is deploying its white blood cells yet again to quash a threat that for our nation simply doesn't exist.
From medicine, we know that overactive white blood cells can be as dangerous as underactive ones. White blood cells are part of our immune systems; when these systems are overactive, they convert non-threats into threats. Sometimes that results in violent allergic reactions that can lead to death. Other times, one's own immune system turns on healthy tissue within one's body. The immune system itself becomes a cancer, eating away at the body in misdirected attempts to defend it.
Whenever the U.S. faces a "threat" nowadays, our leaders treat it aggressively as a "cancer" even when the threat poses no direct peril to us. American presidents, whether they're named Bush or Obama, eagerly deploy America's antibodies -- the military -- to search and destroy bad terrorist cells. But the USA is like a patient whose antibodies have run wild, a patient whose antibodies have turned on external threats even when they're not threats, a patient whose antibodies are now attacking healthy tissue within the American body politic.
Consider the fact that U.S. presidents commit the troops -- our nation's antibodies -- to wars against "cancers" without formal declarations of war by Congress. In the name of protecting America, they violate the Constitution that our troops are sworn to uphold. They fail to recognize it's their actions that pose the true threat to the Constitution. It's their actions that constitute the cancer.
The invasive "cure" of continuous military action without oversight exercised by the people is truly worse than the disease, for it's a "cure" that violates our Constitution and weakens our body politic.
And that is indeed the worst cancer of all.
A retired lieutenant colonel (USAF) and professor of history, William Astore edits the blog The Contrary Perspective.