01/04/2009 05:12 am ET | Updated May 25, 2011

New Signature Of Modern War: Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injuries have become the signature wound of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and troops who sustain them face a daunting array of potential medical consequences later on, a report on the issue commissioned by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

The report from the Institute of Medicine -- a body that advises the U.S. government on science, medicine and health -- said military personnel who sustain severe or even moderate brain injuries may go on to develop Alzheimer's-like dementia or symptoms similar to Parkinson's, a neurodegenerative disease.

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