WASHINGTON — The Obama administration is developing plans to seek up to 1,500 National Guard volunteers to step up the military's counter-drug efforts along the Mexican border, senior administration officials said Monday.
The plan is a stopgap measure being worked out between the Defense Department and the Homeland Security Department, and comes despite Pentagon concerns about committing more troops to the border _ a move some officials worry will be seen as militarizing the region.
Senior administration officials said the Guard program will last no longer than a year and would build on an existing counter-drug operation. They said the program, which would largely be federally funded, would draw on National Guard volunteers from the four border states. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because the details have not been finalized.
Officials said the program would mainly seek out guard members for surveillance, intelligence analysis and aviation support. Guard units would also supply ground troops who could assist at border crossings and with land and air transportation.
A senior White House official said Monday that President Barack Obama is concerned about the situation at the border and wants to work with Defense Secretary Robert Gates and Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano on the question of additional resources.
The official said Obama appreciates the level of discussion between the two agencies, and since the issue is still being debated, he has not yet made any decisions. The official spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss internal policy debate.
Earlier this spring Obama promised his Mexican counterpart, Felipe Calderon, that the United States would help with the escalating drug war, which has killed as many as 11,000 people since December 2006.
Attorney General Eric Holder and Napolitano announced a 2009 counternarcotics strategy several weeks ago, saying the U.S. would devote more resources to fighting the Mexican drug cartels, including the cash and weapons that flow across the border from the U.S. into Mexico.
But officials say Gates has expressed concern that tapping the military for border control posts is a slippery slope and must not be overused.
Paul Stockton, assistant secretary of defense for homeland defense, said Monday that options for the new program have been drafted, but the plan still must be reviewed and acted on by key cabinet members as well as the president.
"We have been working very closely to build a set of options that would have the Department of Defense in a very limited way, for a limited period of time, serve in direct support for CBP," said Stockton, referring to Customs and Border Protection.
The administration does not want to announce or begin the effort until after the Mexican elections this week, officials said.
Rand Beers, undersecretary for national protection at the Homeland Security Department, declined to say how long the program would last, only that it would not be lengthy.
Beers said the additional Guard members would stay as long as needed for the border patrol agents to be trained and given "some period of time" on the border to gain experience on the job.
The administration has proposed spending $250 million on the program, but the precise cost will not be known until the details are worked out, he said.
Officials came to the decision that it is simply not enough for the United States to provide funding in support of the Mexican government's counter-drug efforts, said Beers.
The Guard's volunteer mission, Beers and Stockton both stressed, would not involve law enforcement activities.
The current National Guard counter-drug operation along the border, which has been in effect for many years, involves about 575 Guard members, who applied for the job through their state program coordinator.
The additional volunteers, officials said, would largely be drawn from the more than 50,000 Army and Air National Guard members in Arizona, California, New Mexico and Texas. There are no plans to seek Guard members from other states, although that has not been ruled out.
There is already federal funding in place to hire more than 1,500 border patrol agents.
A previous program _ Operation Jump Start _ used National Guard troops to help bolster border patrols for three years. Over that time, the federal government added border patrol agents, but the escalating drug war has stretched those forces as they try to increase surveillance of possible cash and arms traffic.
Associated Press writer Pamela Hess contributed to this report.