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03/31/2011 04:07 pm ET | Updated May 31, 2011

India Census Reveals 17 Percent Of World Population Is Indian

The first results from India's latest census -- the second biggest in the world -- were released on Thursday, revealing that the country has added 181 million new citizens in the last decade, making it home to 17% of the world's population.

China remains the most populous country on the planet, with 1.34 billion, but India is closing the gap with 1.21 billion. The additional Indians found by the census are roughly equivalent to the population of Brazil, the fifth largest country in the world. One Indian state alone -- Uttar Pradesh -- now has a population of 199,500,000 people, just under that of Britain, France and Germany combined.

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