LOS ANGELES -- As investors punished News Corp.'s stock again on Monday, questions arose anew about the leadership of its chief executive, Rupert Murdoch.
The phone hacking scandal in Britain now threatens to engulf top executives and has hobbled the company's stock, which has stagnated for a decade.
If News Corp. operated like many corporations in the midst of scandal, the CEO's job would be in jeopardy. But the media conglomerate runs more like a family dynasty, and analysts suggest Murdoch, its 80-year-old patriarch, is likely to maintain his grip for now.
As the company's chief executive since 1979, Murdoch has built an empire with a wide array of media assets, including the Fox broadcast network, cable channels such as FX and Fox News, TV stations, the 20th Century Fox movie studio and newspapers around the world, including The New York Post and The Sun in the U.K.
He controls the company through a family trust that owns 40 percent of the voting stock and the largest chunk of News Corp.'s shares at 12 percent. One observer even praised his ability to parachute into the crisis as he did this past weekend, pulling a maneuver that allowed the British government to put the issue on the backburner while public outrage subsides.
Last week, an outcry ensued over the years-old hacking scandal when it emerged that, along with the phones of celebrities and politicians, News of the World tabloid reporters had broken into the phone messages of a murdered girl, crime victims and the bereaved families of soldiers.
(Scroll down for the latest updates. Click here for a full timeline of the scandal dating back to 2006.)
Murdoch took two key actions to prevent the fallout from endangering News Corp.'s proposed $12 billion acquisition of the 61 percent stake of British Sky Broadcasting that it does not already own.
One was to shutter the 168-year-old tabloid at the center of the crisis, which published its last edition on Sunday. The second move was to withdraw a key concession in the BSkyB deal that would have allowed for more competition in the market, the sale of Sky News.
The withdrawal of the concession allowed the government on Monday to contest the deal on competition grounds, the least damaging way to appease an outraged public, and avoid a government probe into whether News Corp. was legally "fit and proper" to be a media company owner at all. Culture Secretary Jeremy Hunt's referral of the case on Monday to Britain's Competition Commission for a full-scale inquiry will delay any approval by months.
"The government no longer has to resort to the `fit and proper' test to prevent the takeover - something that Murdoch would want to avoid at all costs," said Louise Cooper, markets analyst for London-based BGC Partners. "It's probably the (lesser) of the bad options really."Watch a report on the delay of the BSkyB bid:
Still, many observers point to the crisis as indicating a problem at the top echelons of the company.
Several high-ranking executives may be swept up in a simultaneous criminal probe, including Murdoch's son and deputy chief operating officer, James Murdoch, who as head of European and Asian operations authorized payments to hacking victims; the chief executive of U.K. subsidiary News International Rebekah Brooks, who edited News of the World when some of the hacking occurred; and Les Hinton, who was chairman of News International during some of the years the abuses took place, and is now chief executive of Dow Jones & Co. Hinton is a member of the board of directors of The Associated Press.
The probe has also raised the specter of possible charges in the U.S. under the 1977 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, whose anti-bribery provisions could ensnare executives if allegations of payoffs to British police officers are proven.
"This is going to have ripple effects over in the U.S., too, but it may take a while for it to all play out," predicted newspaper analyst Ken Doctor of Outsell Inc.
Doctor speculated that Murdoch could choose to step aside as CEO and retain only his chairmanship. That would leave open a question of who succeeds him, a family member or chief operating officer Chase Carey.
"Like a monarch out of Shakespeare, Rupert has been testing out successor scenarios for years," Doctor said. "The pressures on the share price may force him to do something now because the share price is important to him and his company."
A shareholder lawsuit called out the company's purchase this year of Shine Group, the TV production studio run by Murdoch's daughter Elisabeth Murdoch. The 415 million pound ($661 million) deal was cited as an example of nepotism that has plagued the company. In an amendment filed last week, the shareholders jumped on the phone hacking as a new reason why News Corp. needs an executive shake-up.
"These revelations show a culture run amuck ... and a board that provides no effective review or oversight," the shareholders asserted in a filing with the Delaware Chancery Court.Watch former Prime Minister Gordon Brown excoriate News International for spying on him:
The suit alleges that Murdoch treats News Corp. "like a family candy jar, which he raids whenever his appetite strikes." The shareholders own nearly a million shares, a tiny fraction of 1 percent of the more than 1.8 billion outstanding.
Several recent acquisitions also point to poor investment decisions by Murdoch.
Last month, News Corp. offloaded social networking site Myspace for $35 million, a fraction of the $580 million it paid in 2005, and after more than $1 billion in cumulative losses over nearly three years.
In 2009, it was forced to write down $2.8 billion of the value of Dow Jones & Co. Inc., which it bought two years earlier for $5.7 billion after an expensive courtship of the Bancroft family that allowed Murdoch to seize the U.S. newspaper he prized, The Wall Street Journal.
"They overpaid and it was a bad use of shareholder capital," said Morningstar analyst Michael Corty.
Now, the phone-hacking crisis is jeopardizing the one deal that Wall Street analysts finally support - the acquisition of British Sky Broadcasting.
As of March, News Corp. has amassed $11.8 billion in cash in preparation for the deal and if the bid is derailed, analysts fear that cash may be spent on something far less attractive.
Still, Murdoch has the faith of most News Corp investors. He isn't the only media executive with eyes bigger than his stomach. Time Warner Inc. only two years ago untangled itself from the worst corporate merger in history with AOL. Its stock is down 62 percent from a decade ago.
While News Corp. took a 7.6 percent pummeling on Monday, its widely traded Class A shares closing down $1.27 at $15.48, shares are up 11 percent from a decade ago, compared to a 22 percent gain for the Dow Jones industrial average. Over the same time, peer media company The Walt Disney Co. shares are up 62 percent.
The main danger to the company is not the probe or that executives may be sacrificed, analyst Corty said. It's what News Corp. decides to do with its hoard of accumulated profits.
"From an investment point of view, if this BSkyB deal gets delayed too long, then the question is what are they going to do with the cash," he said.
John Whittingdale, the Culture Committee chairman, now says it is not clear whether the Murdochs and Rebekah Brooks will attend the Committee next Tuesday. They were issued written invitations to attend this morning.Whittingdale commented:
We need to know who authorised the activities that have now been uncovered at News International. Of the three, we can only compel Rebekah Brooks to attend as she is a UK citizen.
Sky News: Keith Vaz's interrogation of John Yates was 'disrespectful and unnecessary' says an indignant John O'Connor, former Scotland Yard Commander. I can understand why the phone hacking was indeed a 'low priority with all the terror going on'.
Statements from News InternationalThe Sun:
We're able to assure the Brown family that we did not access the medical records of their son medical records, nor did we commission anyone to do so. The story came from a member of the public. The member of the public has provided a written affidavit confirming this. We are not aware of Mr Brown or his family making a complaint at the time.Sunday Times:
We had 'reasonable grounds' to investigate the purchase of Mr Brown's property 'in the public interest'. They deny that they broke any law in investigating the purchase of the flat.
Met. Police Commissioner, Sir Paul Stephenson, offers 'full support' to John Yates in statement.
James Forsyth in The Spectator:
Government support for Labour’s motion tomorrow is a victory for Ed Miliband — and it is a sign that whatever hold Murdoch had over British politics has been thoroughly broken by this scandal.
Assistant Commissioner John Yates to resign. She will ask Boris Johnson to support her call for his resignation at Mayor's Question Time on Wednesday.
Baroness Doocey commented:
“It is shameful that John Yates found time to have five lunches with News International, but after just a few hours decided there was no additional evidence to justify a further investigation into phone hacking. Yates has failed literally hundreds of victims.
While he remains in post as Assistant Commissioner of the Met, its reputation will not recover.He must take responsibility for this pitiful review and accept that he has lost all credibility.”
'The Home Secretary, who has remained very silent on this, should be talking to senior police officers across the country about how to take this forward to respond to public concerns, and make sure this could never happen again'.
“It is welcome news that the Government says it will support our motion. It is now for Rupert Murdoch to recognise the strength of public feeling, and the will of all the major parties.”
|@ paulwaugh : Jeremy Hunt can't back the Lab motion, No.10 says. If PM ducks out of facing EdM+ Hunt has legal role, who will reply for Govt? Cable? AG?|
Downing Street: Government will vote with Labour tomorrow to request that Rupert Murdoch withdraw his bid for BSkyB. Cameron, Clegg and Miliband to hold talks on hacking this evening
|@ GuidoFawkes : Stand by folks, story coming detailing @PiersMorgan's complicity in phone hacking. We're naming names and places. #CircularFiringSquad|
"If the House of Commons expresses a clear view about what is in the public interest for the bid to be withdrawn then that will help in making the right call.
"Mr Hunt said very clearly that everybody in the House of Commons apart from him because he's in a particular role, could express a view about whether Mr Murdoch should withdraw the bid. He said that in the House of Commons yesterday.
"That's why I hope as many people right across the House of Commons will support this motion as possible because I think what the public want us to do as a House of Commons, is to stand up and say it's not conceivable that Rupert Murdoch could expand his reach in the British media, while the issues that happeend at News International, while the issues of criminality are still being investigated and while there's so much that seems to be coming out day by day, and I think this is a moment when the House of Commons can rise to the occasion and can be a united House of Commons."
Lib Dems are expected to support Ed Miliband's motion, a source has told the Huffington Post.
"I hope the Government will support the motion, because I think it is in the interests of the country... the public will be saying to us 'this is an opportunity for politics to rise to the occasion'".
He says he hopes if the House of Commons comes to a consensus, then Mr Murdoch will listen to them.
"As for the position of Mr Yates [Assistant Met Commissioner John Yates], bluntly I find his position quite simply untenable. You can take this on three levels: we don’t know the full detail yet, so we don’t know whether darker elements are involved in this. There is always a question of corruption in the police and we don’t know the extent of that at the moment."
|@ SkyNewsBreak : Ed Miliband to hold talks with David Cameron and Nick Clegg on phone hacking scandal this evening|
'Please if you have anything that would support my investigation, now would be a good time to get it on the table. I've been in touch with Mr Watson, not yet Mr Bryant. From the amount of media coverage, it seems a lot of media outlets have information'.
A: "We'll always, we'll always be accused of that... With absolute confidence, because I know what's been there - for instance when there was speculation around victims of the 7/7 bombings, we did not know that they were contained within our material."
Initially it was difficult. I held a meeting at which for the first time 2 news int. executives came along. We discussed with them properly what 'full co-operation' means. After that things were much better. Will Lewis and Simon Greenberg were the people I spoke to.
"There must be people sitting on a lot of material"
|@ ChrisBryantMP : If brooks or murdochs refuse to attend dcms committee sergeant at arms can be empowered to force them.|
'only limited amount public inquiry can do whilst i'm still conducting my inquiry. i can tell you that for the 8 arrests already made, charges will not be made til October'
She says: "There's nothing to stop the Prime Minister naming the head of the Judge led inquiry" and indicates no charges until October
“There are times when the House of Commons has got to rise to the occasion and speak for the public.
“We have said that the purchase of BSkyB should not proceed until after criminal inquiries are complete.
“The simplest way to achieve this is for Rupert Murdoch to recognise the feelings of the public and the will of the House of Commons and withdraw this bid.
“I am calling on Parliament to show its will tomorrow.”
This House believes that it is in the public interest for Rupert Murdoch and News Corporation to withdraw their bid for BSkyB
500 people have written to ask if they had been hacked, of those 70 have been, Sue Akers says
Sue Akers, head of Operation Weeting (which is investigating phone hacking) tells the Committee of the process and ambitions of the inquiry will be:
We should note that we have been talking today with reference to a document published by the Guardian, which may contain inaccuracies. We have 45 full-time officers currently working on it, we can add more if necessary.
A vast number of people feel they have had their privacy violated. We have a commitment to inform people that they have been hacked. There are nearly 4000 names in the original Glenn Mulcaire documentation. We have undertaken to personally inform those affected. The mobile phone companies are helping us to compile a comprehensive list. We will be going round to see these affected people
|@ benfenton : News Corp has just announced a 5bn dollar share buyback. it does not necessarily mean they cannot buy BskyB by any means but v significant|
Then they will inform all the victims.