* Corzine says was "stunned" by news of missing funds
* Says would never intend to break customer fund rules
* CME says MF Global "broke rules" with customer funds
* Corzine says his involvement in accounting was "limited"
* Corzine arrives escorted by Capitol Hill Police
(Rewrites top of story, adds Corzine comments)
By Sarah N. Lynch
WASHINGTON, Dec 8 (Reuters) - Jon Corzine said he "never
intended to break any rules" while he was chief of MF Global and
that he doesn't know what happened to the hundreds of millions
of dollars in missing customer money.
Corzine, in his first public appearance since the firm filed
for bankruptcy on Oct. 31, gave lawmakers a lengthy account of
the final days of MF Global and apologized to those harmed by
the firm's collapse.
"I never intended to break any rules, whether it dealt with
the segregation rules or any of the other rules that are
applicable," said Corzine, wearing a somber dark suit and armed
with an accordion file folder of documents and a highlighter
"I am not in a position, given the number of transactions,
to know anything specifically about the movement of any specific
funds and I will repeat, I certainly would never intend to
direct or have segregated funds moved."
Investigators are determining whether MF Global raided
customers' funds for its own needs -- a major violation of
Corzine said his "sadness" pales in comparison to MF
Global's customers, employees and investors.
"Their plight weighs on my mind every day -- every hour,"
Corzine, a former U.S. senator, told the House Agriculture
Committee after being sworn in by committee Chairman Frank
Lucas. He was flanked by his lawyer, Andrew Levander, and said
he was aware that he had the right to counsel.
"I simply do not know where the money is, or why the
accounts have not been reconciled to date," he said.
Corzine's contrite but defensive remarks are his first since
he resigned from the firm in early November. Revelations of
massive bets on European sovereign debt caused markets to lose
confidence in the firm.
The search for hundreds of millions of dollars in missing
customer funds has sent reverberations through the farm belt and
trading floors, and has attracted the attention of the FBI and
federal prosecutors. Thousands of customers have had their money
"It appears to me that nobody has learned a thing from
what's gone on here. Wall Street is operating as if 2008 never
happened," said Collin Peterson, the top Democrat on the
committee, referring to the recent financial crisis.
In separate testimony, a top executive of futures exchange
operator CME Group Inc said MF Global misused
hundreds of millions of dollars of customer funds by moving the
money to its own accounts, the strongest accusation yet against
the bankrupt futures brokerage.
"Transfers of customer funds for the benefit of the firm
constitute serious violations of our rules and of the Commodity
Exchange Act," CME Executive Chairman Terrence Duffy said in
CME, the biggest U.S. futures exchange operator, was a
hands-on regulator of MF Global. Duffy said the brokerage
admitted during a call with regulators that customer money was
transferred out of segregation to the firm's own accounts.
The court-appointed trustee has estimated the shortfall of
customer money at $1.2 billion, but CME has disputed that figure
as being too high. In his prepared testimony, Duffy indicated
the shortfall was roughly half that amount.
Neither MF Global nor any of its executives has been charged
"STUNNED" BY MISSING CUSTOMER MONEY
Nine witnesses were scheduled at the hearing, but Corzine, a
senator from 2001-2006 and a former governor of New Jersey, is
Corzine arrived with little fanfare just before the hearing
started. Capitol Hill Police quickly escorted Corzine to the
committee's holding room where he waited until the lawmakers
heard from Jill Sommers, who is heading the Commodity Futures
Trading Commission's review, and James Kobak, lead counsel for
the trustee liquidating the bankrupt firm.
Corzine said in his 21-page prepared testimony that while it
is difficult for him to reconstruct the chaotic events leading
up to the bankruptcy because he no longer has access to relevant
documents, he feels compelled to answer lawmakera' questions.
He said he could not explain the missing customer money.
"There were an extraordinary number of transactions during
MF Global's last few days, and I do not know, for example,
whether there were operational errors at MF Global or elsewhere,
or whether banks and counterparties have held onto funds that
should rightfully have been returned to MF Global," Corzine
In his testimony, Corzine distanced himself from some
hands-on aspects of the firm's business practices.
"Even when I was at MF Global, my involvement in the firm's
clearing, settlement and payment mechanisms and accounting was
limited," Corzine said.
"I was stunned when I was told on Sunday, October 30, 2011,
that MF Global could not account for many hundreds of millions
of dollars of client money."
He said he accepts responsibility for the repo-to-maturity
trades that related to the firm's $6.3 billion bet on European
"At the time that MF Global entered into the transactions, I
believed that its investments in short-term European debt
securities were prudent," he said.
However, he said MF Global reduced leverage during his
tenure, and said he does "not claim to be an accountant"
regarding the treatment of that exposure.
Mary Schapiro, the chairman of U.S. Securities and Exchange
Commission, has said her agency is probing the accounting
treatment that helped mask MF Global's exposure to risky foreign
sovereign debt. The SEC is also probing the disclosure of that
Steve Luparello, vice chairman of the Financial Industry
Regulatory Authority, said in his testimony on Thursday that MF
Global was not fully candid with FINRA in 2010 when the firm was
asked about its exposure to European debt.
Luparello said the firm indicated in late September 2010
that it "did not have any such positions" in European sovereign
"We later learned that the firm began entering into
transactions that carried European debt exposure in
mid-September 2010," he said.
(Reporting by Sarah N. Lynch, Christopher Doering, Rachelle
Younglai and Philip Shishkin in Washington and Ann Saphir in
Chicago, writing by Karey Wutkowski; editing by John Wallace)
In prepared testimony posted Thursday on the House Committee on Agriculture's website, Corzine apologizes to "all those affected" by MF Global's failure. The company filed for bankruptcy protection on Oct. 31. Corzine resigned on Nov. 3 and hasn't spoken publicly since.
"I simply do not know where the money is, or why the accounts have not been reconciled to date," Corzine says in the statement. He says he can't say whether there were "operational errors" at MF Global or whether banks or other companies have held onto funds that should be returned to MF Global.
Corzine, 64, also says that he will not invoke the Fifth Amendment to avoid answering the committee's questions – a move that was widely expected. Corzine warns, however, that he may not be able to answer certain question. He claims that since his resignation he hasn't had access "to the information that I would need to understand what happened," or to "reconstruct the events that occurred during the chaotic days and the last hours leading up to the bankruptcy filing."
Attempting to answer questions poses a risk for Corzine. Anything he might say could be used against him in a courtroom, should Corzine ever be charged in the case. The FBI and several federal regulators are investigating MF Global.
Lawmakers in both parties may have a lot to ask him. Some have heard from farmers, ranchers and small business owners in their districts who are missing money deposited with the firm.
Agricultural businesses use brokerage firms to help reduce their risks in an industry vulnerable to swings in oil, corn and other commodity prices. But MF Global increased risks by making big bets on European government debt – bets that proved disastrous.
In his testimony, Corzine says MF Global sought to restructure the Europe investments in a way that reduced the risk to the firm. Corzine says he "strongly advocated" the investments and takes responsibility for them.
Legal experts say Corzine could be held personally liable for misrepresenting to investors the risks the firm had taken. Other top MF Global executives also could face legal jeopardy, they say. Corzine will say Thursday that the company's board signed off on the investments and was aware of the risks involved.
It's the first time in more than 100 years that Congress has subpoenaed a former senator to testify, according to Senate historian Don Ritchie. The occasion blends the two worlds Corzine has occupied for his professional life – Wall Street and public office.
A Democrat, Corzine represented New Jersey in the Senate from 2001 through 2005. He later served as the state's governor. Before entering politics, he was CEO of Goldman Sachs from 1994 to 1999.
Several class-action lawsuits on behalf of shareholders have been filed against Corzine and three other top executives. A bankruptcy court is consolidating the suits. They accuse the firm and its leaders of making false statements about MF Global's strength and cash balances.
Corzine is expected to give the remarks starting at 9:30 a.m. Eastern time.
Samantha Bomkamp contributed to this report from New York.