Who Could Be The First Latino President Of The United States? (PHOTOS)
With all the attention being placed on the Latino vote, possible Hispanic vice-president candidates, and the support of influential Latino leaders in the 2012 election cycle, we have to ask, is 2012 paving the way towards the first Latino president? If so, who could it be?
As much as he says no, the talk of Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) ending up as a vice presidential pick just doesn't seem to go away. And then there's Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, named Tuesday as chairman for the Democratic National Convention.
"This is really a testament to the degree to which both parties recognize that the Latino vote could determine the outcome of the national election," Stanford University political scientist Gary Segura told The Huffington Post. "I think the Democrats want the stagecraft of having not only a Latino officeholder but, in fact, the mayor of the second-largest city in the United States, and the second largest Spanish-speaking city on Earth, to be the person who stands at the podium on each night to call the convention to order on national television. The stagecraft clearly is intended to help build support in that community."
Beyond Rubio and Villaraigosa, Democrats and Republicans alike are seeing the Latino handwriting on the wall.
"Both parties understand that the future of their parties is in large part in the hands of the Latino voters," University of South Florida political analyst Susan MacManus told the Huffington Post, "because it is the fastest-growing demographic and becoming very politically active."
The question is when will one, or both, put a Hispanic on the ticket.
"I don't think it's too early," Rodney Hero, Latino and ethnic politics analyst at the University of California, Berkeley, told the Huffington Post. "I can imagine that there will be a kind of building up and kind of incremental steps toward that. Who this would be exactly in 2012 it would be hard to pinpoint, but I would not be surprised to see in 2012 a reasonably good chance of a Latino vice president."
The Republicans may be in a better position to act on it.
Although he's only a freshman senator, Rubio is a formidable package -- telegenic, articulate, passionate and a Tea Party favorite with national stature. Plus, the chance that he could give the Republicans an advantage in the battleground state of Florida could play a major part in picking him.
"My guess is that someone like Rubio would be more attractive simply because of being from Florida," Hero said, "for electoral college kind of considerations."
In addition, the Republicans have two newly elected Latino governors -- Susana Martinez of New Mexico, and Brian Sandoval in Nevada.
Neither of them, though, may wield enough clout to catapult them onto a national ticket this year.
"Susanna Martinez of New Mexico -- she is, I think, not a good sell as a national candidate," Segura said. "She's not nearly as dynamic as Rubio is. Brian Sandoval, the governor of Nevada, I think is a disastrous candidate as a national candidate. For two reasons: He didn't draw much of the Latino vote in his state. So the idea that he would help Republicans improve on their percentage there is a reach. And, secondly, while he was running he gave an interview in which he said, on camera I believe, that he wasn't worried about anti-Hispanic racism because his children looked white. That would make a shockingly effective campaign ad for an opponent."
But Segura, who is also a co-founder and principal of the national polling firm Latino Decisions, said that doesn't necessarily make Rubio the perfect pick.
"Of those three, Rubio is the most salable," he said. "But Rubio actually has very low name recognition outside of Florida. So I think the idea that his presence would have a big effect outside of Florida is a joke."
The Democrats, though, lack charismatic Hispanic powerhouses with national prominence.
"I think Democrats have plenty of people, but they haven't gotten elected to statewide office," Larry Sabato, director of the University of Virginia Center for Politics, told The Huffington Post. "I don't think being mayor is enough, or being in the House. It's tough to take a national job if you haven't been governor or senator."
That makes it more difficult for the Democrats to field a credible contender. Most names that come up involve players who are seen as either too young, or -- in the case of former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Henry Cisneros, ex-Transportation Secretary Federico Prestileo, formert New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson and current Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar -- too outdated.
"I just think people have an expiration date, politically," Sabato said. "They're yesterday's men -- not because they're bad people, but because they've done their thing. They've cycled in and cycled out. I just don't see them coming back."
Thirty-something Texas twins Joaquin and Julian Castro -- especially Julian, the mayor of San Antonio, Texas -- are seen as bright stars among the Democrats. But both fall into the too-young, and lacking-in-national-experience, category. The same is true of Villaraigosa, said Hero.
"My guess is that it's too early for some of them in terms of their national visibility," he said. "I mean, I would think as attractive as I think all those individuals are as candidates, I don't know that they have sufficient visibility at this point for the Democrats to say okay. We can maybe look four years in the future and we might well see that one or more of those names have risen."
Again and again, though, the political analysts named Rep. Xavier Becerra (D-Calif.) as a player with potential.
"Becerra has a number of things going for him," Segura said. "He's thought of as a clean politician. So he doesn't have any of those sort of skeletons in the closet. He's part of the House Democratic leadership already. He's part of the team negotiating the budget, the deficit reduction thing which failed. So he's trusted, I think, within the party. He's good looking. He's young."
Of course, the unexpected happens frequently enough in politics. Careers long thought dead are suddenly resurrected (former House Speaker Newt Gingrich comes to mind), and relative unknowns ride an unforeseen wave into office.
"Looking back at 2008, [President] Barack Obama was hardly on the horizon at that point," Hero said. "Barack Obama was given a prominent position at the Democratic convention a few years before. And so one could imagine that that could be a starting point for Villaraigosa."
TAKE A LOOK AT LATINO POLITICIANS AND POSSIBLE FUTURE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES:
Susana Martinez was the first U.S. Latina governor when she was elected governor of New Mexico in 2010. She is a Republican and the first woman to be the state's governor. Martinez, of Mexican descent, was born and raised in El Paso, Texas. She was district attorney for the Third Judicial District in Doña Ana County in Southern New Mexico, a position she held for 14 years. Controversy has followed Martinez. First, it erupted when she claimed that her <a href="http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2011/09/09/new-mexico-gov-susana-martinez-confirms-that-grandparents-were-undocumented/" target="_hplink">grandparents first came into the country illegally. </a> She later clarified her family's past stating that <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/14/susana-martinez-new-mexico-governor-clarifies-immigrant-past_n_1093443.html" target="_hplink">her grandparents followed common practices in coming to the U.S. from Mexico in the early 1900s. </a> The second controversy came with <a href="http://hispanic.cc/new_mexico_republican_governor_martinez_attacks_law_allowing_undocumented_to_obtain_drivers_licenses.htm" target="_hplink">her proposal to revoke a New Mexico state law that allows undocumented immigrants to obtain driver's licenses.</a>
Marco Rubio was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2010 to represent Florida. He was born in Miami and is the son of Cuban immigrants. Rubio was accused of <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/25/will-marco-rubio-lie-matter-as-much-as-politics_n_1031147.html" target="_hplink">embellishing crucial details about his parents' emigration from Cuba. </a> News has been circulating of <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/bill-schneider/psssst-marco-rubio-will-b_b_940308.html" target="_hplink">a possible Republican nomination for vice president</a> in the 2012 election. Rubio told the GOP to tone down its hard-edged stance on immigration. <a href="http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2011/11/15/rubio-tells-gop-to-ease-up-on-immigration/#ixzz1doct52kh" target="_hplink">According to Fox News Latino,</a> Rubio said, "The Republican Party should not be labeled as the anti-illegal immigration party. Republicans need to be the pro-legal immigration party."
Brian Sandoval was appointed U.S. district judge for Nevada by President George W. Bush in October 2005, becoming the state's first Hispanic federal judge. Sandoval is an American citizen of Mexican descent. He is currently Nevada governor. Earlier this year, Sandoval said <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/13/brian-sandoval-endorses-rick-perry_n_961090.html" target="_hplink">he was backing Texas Gov. Rick Perry's presidential bid</a>.
Texas Republican Ted Cruz is the first Hispanic to hold the post of Solicitor General for the state of Texas. He won a runoff election against Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst in July 2012, and is now the GOP candidate for the Senate seat vacated by Kay Bailey Hutchison.
Luis Gutierrez, a Democrat, has served since 1993 as representative for Illinois's 4th Congressional District. Gutierrez was born in Chicago and his parents are from Puerto Rico. He has been at forefront of every single immigration reform and immigrant rights defense struggle since 1993, <a href="http://lavoz-prcc.org/2009/04/congressman-luis-v-gutierrez-the-mastery-of-the-politics-of-making-the-impossible-possible/" target="_hplink">according to La Voz del Paseo Boricua. </a> Gutierrez has been outspoken against current deportation laws. In July, he and 10 other immigration reform supporters were arrested in front of the White House for protesting against the Obama administration's deportation of young people and families, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/26/luis-gutierrez-arrested-f_n_910348.html" target="_hplink">according to HuffPost. </a> He was arrested in mid-1990s for protesting the U.S. Navy's bombing of Vieques, Puerto Rico, and in 2010 for protesting against the Obama administration's deportation record.
Luis Fortuño is the governor of Puerto Rico and president of the New Progressive Party, the political party seeking U.S. statehood for the island. In 2012, Fortuño has been an active campaigner for Mitt Romney, even being listed as a potential Vice President candidate on the GOP ticket.
Bill Richardson served as governor of New Mexico from 2003 to 2010. He also served as the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and as energy secretary in the Clinton administration. Richardson was born in California to an American father and a Mexican mother. Even after ending his term in 2010, Richardson remains an active political figure. In September 2011, Richardson visited Cuba to negotiate the release of Alan Gross, imprisoned in Cuba since 2009 after bringing communications equipment into the island. Richardson came back emptyhanded, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/28/wife-man-imprisoned-in-cuba_n_1117742.html" target="_hplink">according to HuffPost. </a>
Alex Padilla is a Democratic senator representing California. He is the first Latino and youngest-ever president of the League of California Cities, <a href="http://powerwall.msnbc.msn.com/politics/10-latino-politicians-to-watch-9701.gallery?#!wallState=0__%2Fpolitics%2F10-latino-politicians-to-watch-9701.gallery?photoId%3D38975" target="_hplink">according to PowerWall at MSNBC.</a> He is a Los Angeles native and son of Mexican immigrants. Padilla introduced a bill in the Senate that authorized $104 million in tax breaks to help "green" companies in California when buying equipment. The bill also aimed to add jobs.
Ken Salazar and John Salazar
John and Ken Salazar, both Democrats, have identified themselves as Mexican-American brothers. Ken Salazar is the U.S. secretary of the interio. John Salazar was congressman for Colorado's 3rd Congressional District, serving from 2005 until 2011.
Gloria Molina is a Los Angeles County supervisor. Molina was born in California to Mexican parents. She was elected to represent the First District in 1991 -- the first Latina to do so. She quickly developed a reputation as a fiscal guardian committed to achieving good government reforms, maintaining the county's public health care system, and addressing quality of life issues -- particularly for the 1 million residents in unincorporated areas, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/gloria-molina" target="_hplink">according to HuffPost.</a> After LA County jail abuse incidents, Molina made several recommendations including <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/18/la-county-jail-abuse-boar_n_1018683.html" target="_hplink">asking to install cameras in the jails, barring deputies from striking inmates' heads, and banning the heavy flashlights deputies carry that can be used as batons.</a>
Julian Castro is the mayor of San Antonio, Texas. First elected May 9, 2009, Castro won re-election in 2011 with nearly 82 percent of the vote. "Julián Castro is the son of Rosie Castro, a well-known '70s firebrand who was among the leaders of La Raza Unida, the radical movement in Texas that was dedicated to defending the civil rights of Mexican-Americans and promoting a strong "Chicano" identity", according to <em>The New York Times</em>. "Julin really stands out," said Raul Hinojosa-Ojeda, an associate professor of Chicano and global studies at UCLA,<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/09/magazine/09Mayor-t.html?pagewanted=all" target="_hplink"> to <em>The New York Times</em>.</a> "There are other talented young Hispanic politicians around, but few have his stature or national potential. He's from San Antonio, but he's very much admired in California. He's like Obama -- one of us, but someone who also comes out of a broader American experience."