Syria Crisis: Refugees Flee To Lebanon

03/05/2012 01:37 pm ET | Updated May 05, 2012

By Suleiman Al-Khalidi

AMMAN, March 5 (Reuters) - Syria's military pursued a crackdown on rebels on several fronts on Monday, days after eliminating an opposition bastion in the central city of Homs following a 26-day siege, activists said.

Troops kept the Red Cross out of the wrecked Homs district of Baba Amr for a fourth day and foreign mediators sought to end year-long violence as more civilians fled to nearby Lebanon.

Braving army patrols and winter weather, hundreds of Syrians crossed into Lebanon in the last 24 hours to escape the heaviest shelling of their border towns since the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad began last March.

In the hillside town of Arsal in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley, residents said 100 to 150 families arrived from Syria on Sunday -- one of the biggest refugee influxes so far.

Families trekked on foot through snow-capped hills to safety, but many others were caught, one refugee told Reuters.

"My house was bombed and a giant hole was left in one side of the house," said a 21-year-old man in a black leather jacket and black-and-white scarf from the Syrian town of Qusair.


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Syria has so far brushed off international pressure to halt its violent response to an uprising that was inspired by revolts that have toppled four Arab autocrats in the past 12 months.

The U.N.-Arab League special envoy to Syria, Kofi Annan, will travel to Damascus on Saturday for what would be his first visit since he was named to the post last month.

The Syrian state news agency SANA said the government welcomed his visit and had accepted one by U.N. humanitarian chief Valerie Amos, who was denied entry to Syria last week.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said he hoped a meeting with Arab counterparts in Cairo on Saturday would bring the world closer to agreement on how to end the bloodshed, but gave no sign Moscow would stop protecting its old ally Assad.

Moscow, along with China, has been widely condemned in the West for vetoing a U.N. Security Council resolution that would have backed an Arab League call for Assad to step down as part of a political transition.

Some Western powers expressed hope that Vladimir Putin's election as Russian president on Sunday might provide an opening for a change in policy.

British Prime Minister David Cameron said he would urge Putin to support a U.N. Security Council resolution calling for humanitarian access to Syria and an end to the violence.

"I will be speaking to President Putin later today and I will be saying that it is very important that we have a unified U.N. Security Council resolution about humanitarian aid, about humanitarian access, that puts a stop to the appalling killing that is taking place," Cameron said.

French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe said Moscow had isolated itself with regard to the Arab world and the international community following its stance on Syria.

"We can understand that during the election period the moment wasn't right to make the Russian position evolve," Juppe said.

"I would like therefore that Russia's position changes and I am ready to discuss it with the Foreign Minister, the same one if he is kept in his post, or his successor if he is changed."

Juppe said he did not think it was impossible to get a U.N. Security Council resolution and that this was something that Paris would be working on in the coming days.

Initial signals from Russia, though, were that diplomacy still has some way to go before a resolution will pass muster.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov said on Monday that a new U.S.-drafted resolution on Syria is only slightly different from a draft Russia vetoed last month and needs to be more balanced.

Western envoys at the United Nations said last week that the United States had drafted an outline for a new resolution demanding access for humanitarian aid workers in besieged Syrian towns and an end to the violence there.

"The new U.S. draft U.N. Security Council resolution on Syria is a slightly renewed version of the previous vetoed document. It needs to be significantly balanced," Gatilov said on Twitter.

Assad has said his political reforms will ensure a multi-party election within three months based on a new constitution, but the opposition says the bloodshed makes a mockery of such plans.

CHANGE OF LEADERSHIP

While European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton urged Russia to help get humanitarian aid to Homs, she asked Moscow to recognise the need for "a new leadership" in Syria.

China, which has twice joined Russia in blocking U.N. Security Council action against Syria, said it would send its envoy, Li Huaxin, to Damascus on Tuesday.

"China still maintains that a political solution offers the fundamental escape from the Syrian crisis," Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Weimin said in Beijing.

Canada imposed fresh sanctions on Syria on Monday, banning all dealings with the central bank and seven cabinet ministers as part of a campaign to stop President Bashar al-Assad's crackdown against rebels.

The measures also prohibit the provision or acquisition of financial or other related services to or from anyone in Syria or those acting on Syria's behalf.

In Syria, hundreds of troops fanned out in Deraa on a scale not seen for months following rebel attacks that were also unusually extensive, a resident said. At least one person was killed.

Outgunned rebels have multiplied hit-and-run assaults across Syria in the last few days to signal their defiance after the military overran the shattered Baba Amr district of Homs.

A bomb explosion hit an oil pipeline in Syria's eastern province of Deir al-Zor on Monday as Syrian troops began a sweep in the region, opposition activists said.

Syrian armoured forces recaptured Baba Amr from its lightly armed defenders on Thursday after an almost month-long bombardment reduced much of the district to rubble.

The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent were still seeking approval from Syrian authorities to enter Baba Amr to help civilians there.

"At the moment we are blocked by the Syrian army and government," Yves Daccord, the ICRC's director-general, told Swiss Radio and Television (RTS).

"The situation is extremely difficult, the weather conditions are tragic. It is very cold, there is fighting and people don't have access to food or water, and above all there is a big problem of evacuating the wounded," he said.

ICRC and Syrian Red Crescent teams distributed food and blankets to civilians, including families who had fled Baba Amr, in two Homs neighbourhoods, ICRC spokesman Hicham Hassan said.

"DESTRUCTION AND DEBRIS"

Opposition activists have accused Syrian forces of carrying out bloody reprisals in Baba Amr, but their reports are hard to verify given Syria's severe curbs on independent media.

Human Rights Watch quoted "local sources" on Friday as saying about 700 civilians had been killed and thousands wounded in Homs since a military assault in the city began on Feb. 3.

The state news agency SANA said the authorities had begun to remove "destruction and debris left by armed terrorist groups in Inshaat and Baba Amr neighbourhoods in Homs" on Sunday.

It said 16 members of the security forces killed by insurgents had been buried the same day.

The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the security forces had killed eight people across Syria on Sunday and 29 the previous day. The Local Coordination Committees, a grassroots opposition group, put Sunday's death toll at 62.

Saudi Arabia and Qatar are among countries that have called for Syrian rebels to be armed, but there is little appetite in the West for Libya-style military intervention that could have unforeseen consequences in the conflict-prone Middle East.

"Riyadh and Doha ... remain unlikely to share Western fears about worsening the situation in Syria," said David Hartwell, senior Middle East analyst at IHS Janes, adding that recent setbacks for the rebel Free Syrian Army might strengthen the Gulf Arab hawks' case for supplying it with weapons.

"To do so carries no guarantee of success and would require both countries to convince a nervous Turkey -- through which any weapons supplies would likely be channelled -- that such a move is a diplomatic and military gamble worth taking," Hartwell said, noting that Ankara had so far resisted such arguments.

The United Nations says Syrian security forces have killed more than 7,500 civilians in the past year. (Additonal reporting by Khaled Yacoub Oweis in Amman, Oliver Holmes in Arsal, Stephanie Nebehay in Geneva, Tim Hepher and John Irish in Paris, Robert Mueller in Prague, Alexei Anischuk in Moscow, Ayman Samir in Cairo, Chris Buckley in Beijing, David Ljunggren in Ottawa and Tim Castle in London; Writing by Alistair Lyon, editing by Michael Roddy)

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07/13/2012 1:00 PM EDT

Car Bomb In Damascus

syria car bomb

Syrian policemen inspect the site of a car bomb explosion on Mazzeh highway in the capital Damascus on July 13, 2012. AFP PHOTO/STR (Photo credit should read -/AFP/GettyImages)

07/13/2012 12:00 PM EDT

Susan Rice Condemns Killings

U.S. ambassador to the U.N. Susan Rice tweets:

@ AmbassadorRice :

#Syria regime turned artillery, tanks and helicopters on its own men & women. It unleashed knife-wielding shabiha gangs on its own children.

07/13/2012 11:58 AM EDT

Russia Condemns Massacre

Russia says international envoy Kofi Annan will visit Moscow on Monday to discuss the ongoing crisis in Syria. Russia also called for an inquiry into an alleged massacre that took place in the village of Tramseh on Thursday. "We have no doubt that this wrongdoing serves the interests of those powers that are not seeking peace but persistently seek to sow the seeds of interconfessional and civilian conflict on Syrian soil," Russia's foreign ministry said in a statement, according to Reuters. Moscow did not apportion blame for the killings.

Read more on Reuters.com.

07/13/2012 11:55 AM EDT

Footage Of Massacre Aftermath (WARNING: VIDEO CONTAINS DISTURBING IMAGES)

The Associated Press obtained a video that purports to show the aftermath of an alleged massacre in the village of Tramseh, near Hama.

07/13/2012 9:34 AM EDT

How Do Syrian Fighters Get Their Arms?

How do Syria's fighters get their arms? An overview put together by Reuters explains that there are three gateways to the country -- Lebanon, Turkey, and Iraq.

Syrian rebels are smuggling small arms into Syria through a network of land and sea routes involving cargo ships and trucks moving through Turkey, Lebanon and Iraq, maritime intelligence and Free Syrian Army (FSA) officers say.

Western and regional powers deny any suggestion they are involved in gun running. Their interest in the sensitive border region lies rather in screening to ensure powerful weapons such as surface to air missiles do not find their way to Islamist or other militants.

Read the full report here.

07/13/2012 9:10 AM EDT

Activists Report New Massacre (WARNING: GRAPHIC PHOTOS)

syria

This citizen journalism image made from video provided by Shaam News Network SNN, purports to show a victim wounded by violence that, according to anti-regime activists, was carried out by government forces in Tremseh, Syria about 15 kilometers (nine miles) northwest of the central city of Hama, Thursday, July 12, 2012. The accounts, some of which claim more than 200 people were killed in the violence Thursday, could not be independently confirmed, but would mark the latest in a string of brutal offensives by Syrian forces attempting to crush the rebellion. (AP Photo/Shaam News Network, SNN)

syria

This citizen journalism image made from video provided by Shaam News Network SNN, purports to show a man mourning a victim killed by violence that, according to anti-regime activists, was carried out by government forces in Tremseh, Syria about 15 kilometers (nine miles) northwest of the central city of Hama, Thursday, July 12, 2012. (AP Photo/Shaam News Network, SNN)

07/12/2012 6:50 PM EDT

Hama Revolutionary Council: More Than 220 Killed

According to the Hama Revolutionary Council, a Syrian opposition group, more than 220 people have been killed in a new alleged massacre in Taramseh. Earlier reports said more than 100 people were killed. "More than 220 people fell today in Taramseh," the Council said in a statement. "They died from bombardment by tanks and helicopters, artillery shelling and summary executions."

Fadi Sameh, an opposition activist from Taramseh, told Reuters he had left the town before the reported massacre but was in touch with residents. "It appears that Alawite militiamen from surrounding villages descended on Taramseh after its rebel defenders pulled out, and started killing the people. Whole houses have been destroyed and burned from the shelling," Sameh claimed.

Read more on Reuters.com.

07/12/2012 6:17 PM EDT

Syrian State TV: 'Large Numbers Of Terrorists Killed'

Syrian activist Rami Jarrah tweets that Syrian State TV has confirmed deaths in Tremseh. "Terrorists" is often the term used by the Syrian regime for opposition forces.

@ AlexanderPageSY :

Syrian State TV: clashes between security apparatus & terrorists in #Tremseh of #Hama leaves large numbers of terrorists killed #Syria

07/12/2012 5:36 PM EDT

Update: Death Toll In New Massacre Reportedly More Than 200

@ Reuters :

UPDATE: DEATH TOLL IN SYRIAN FORCES' ATTACK ON VILLAGE IN SYRIA'S HAMA REGION IS MORE THAN 200, MOSTLY CIVILIANS - OPPOSITION ACTIVISTS

07/12/2012 5:33 PM EDT

Reports Of New Massacre In Hama

@ Reuters :

At least 100 killed in Syrian village: opposition activists http://t.co/FG3fJwu8

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Video purports to show shelling in the city of Homs on Monday July 9, 2012. (Video could not independently be verified)

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An amateur video out of Syria obtained by Reuters purports to show shells hitting the city of Homs on Monday and and injured child being carried away in Aleppo. (Video could not independently be verified.)

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Opposition activists say dozens of people were killed on Saturday when an explosion hit a funeral procession in a suburb of Damascus. The Associated Press reports that activists blame government forces for the blast.

A video uploaded to YouTube ...Read More"},{"id":"809","created":"06/29/2012 12:05 PM EDT","title":"Helicopter Gunships Bomb Strategic Town","tweet_link":"809_helicopter-gunships-bomb-strategic-town","entry_text":"

Syrian helicopter gunships bombed a strategic town in Idlib province overnight, while tanks moved closer to the city of Aleppo, Reuters reports. Opposition activists said more than 170 tanks have assembled near the village of Musalmieh near Aleppo, 19 miles from the Turkish border. \"They're either preparing to move to the border to counter the Turkish deployment or attack the rebellious (Syrian) towns and villages in and around the border zone north of Aleppo,\" a defected officer told Reuters.

Read more on HuffPost World.

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Syrian helicopter gunships bombed a strategic town in Idlib province overnight, while tanks moved closer to the city of Aleppo, Reuters reports. Opposition activists said more than 170 tanks have assembled near the village of Musalmieh near Aleppo, 19 ...Read More"},{"id":"808","created":"06/29/2012 11:39 AM EDT","title":"Annan 'Optimistic' About Scheduled Talks","tweet_link":"808_annan-optimistic-about-scheduled-talks","entry_text":"

U.N. peace envoy Kofi Annan told Reuters he is \"optimistic\" that scheduled talks on the crisis in Syria will produce results. World powers are meeting in Geneva on Saturday to discuss a new proposal by the envoy to end the deadlock in Damascus. Earlier this week, Annan floated the possibility of creating a national unity government in Syria.

Yet it remains unclear if the high-level meeting will yield results. According to Reuters, Russia proposed changes to Annan's plan on Thursday, but the United States, Britain, and France rejected the amendments. Syrian President Bashar Assad also has reiterated that his government dismisses any outside solution for the crisis.

Read more on Reuters.com.

","short_text":"

U.N. peace envoy Kofi Annan told Reuters he is \"optimistic\" that scheduled talks on the crisis in Syria will produce results. World pow...Read More"},{"id":"807","created":"06/29/2012 11:17 AM EDT","title":"Syria's Ghost Towns","tweet_link":"807_syrias-ghost-towns","entry_text":"

An amateur video out of northern Syria purports to show a deserted town where buildings have been abandoned and stores have been closed. \"Life is almost nonexistent here,\" one resident says, according to a Reuters translation. \"There has been consistent shelling and mobilization of sharp shooters on rooftops,\" he adds. Watch the full report in the video below.

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An amateur video out of northern Syria purports to show a deserted town where buildings have been abandoned and stores have been closed. \"Life is almost nonexistent here,\" one resident says, according to a Reuters translation. \"There has been consiste...Read More"},{"id":"806","created":"06/29/2012 10:35 AM EDT","title":"Dozens Of Bodies Lined Up In Street","tweet_link":"806_dozens-of-bodies-lined-up-in-street","entry_text":"

Activists say more than 190 people were killed in Syria on Friday, making it one of the deadliest days in the country's uprising. Video posted to YouTube purports to show dozens of bodies wrapped in white burial shrouds lined up in a street of Douma.

Syrian forces intensified their assault on the Damascus suburb on Thursday, pounding the neighborhood with tank and artillery shells.

Read more on HuffPost World.

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Activists say more than 190 people were killed in Syria on Friday, making it one of the deadliest days in the country's uprisi...Read More"},{"id":"805","created":"06/28/2012 4:04 PM EDT","title":"Compelling Report Out Of Ariha","tweet_link":"805_compelling-report-out-of-ariha","entry_text":"

Tracey Shelton traveled to the town of Ariha in Syria's Idlib province for GlobalPost. Watch her compelling report in the video below.

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Tracey Shelton traveled to the town of Ariha in Syria's Idlib province for GlobalPost. Watch her compelling report in the video below.

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