WASHINGTON -- Celebrating the centennial of Japan's gift of cherry blossoms to the American capital, it seems that some things never change. For starters, people have loved photographing the Japanese trees ever since they arrived in the District of Columbia a century ago.
However, bringing cherry blossoms to the nation's capital proved to be a difficult endeavour.
Geographer and writer Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore worked for more than two decades to bring cherry blossoms to D.C. after seeing the beautiful flowering trees in Japan.
Sadly, archival photos from 1910 document destruction. The first shipment of 2,000 trees, a gift from the city from Tokyo, were diseased. President Taft granted his consent to burn the trees as advised by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Two years later, another substantial donation was authorized by the Tokyo City Council -- 3,020 cherry blossom trees. This shipment had 12 species of healthy trees; among them, 1,800 Somei-Yoshino to be planted around the city and 20 Gyoiko trees to be planted in the White House gardens. After careful horticultural wrangling, the second gift of trees arrived on March 26, 1912.
But it wasn't until 1935 that the first "Cherry Blossom Festival" was held, organized by local civic groups.
Four days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, four cherry trees were cut down in suspected retaliation. (Beavers, too, have had their way with the trees over the years.)
However, the trees remain a symbol of peace. In 1954, Sadao Iguchi, the Japanese ambassador to the United States, presented a 300-year-old Japanese Stone Lantern to the city. The two-ton granite lantern commemorated a treaty between the United States and Japan signed in 1854 which avoided war and allowed American whalers to refuel in three Japanese ports.
More recently, the National Cherry Blossom Festival was expanded to two weeks in 1994 to accomodate expanded programming.
According to festival organizers, more than a million people visit D.C. annually to admire the cherry blossom trees that line the Tidal Basin and the banks of the Potomac River.
Below, check out 100 years of photos of cherry blossoms in the nation's capital.
In 1910, an initiative to bring Japanese cherry blossoms to D.C. being pushed by geographer Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore appeared to be nearing a success point. After Scidmore gained the support of first lady Helen Herron Taft, Scidmore's 24-year-long effort gained significant momentum. This tree was one of 2,000 trees from January 1910 that arrived as a shipment from the Japanese embassy to plant along the Tidal Basin and Potomac River.
Unfortunately, the Department of Agriculture found that the first 2,000 trees delivered in 1910 were diseased and infested with insects and nematodes. As result, the trees needed to be destroyed. A few days later, President William Howard Taft granted his consent to burn the trees.
This photographic print was hand-colored to show the beauty of the cherry blossoms on trees planted eight years earlier.
Sakiko Saito, daughter of the Japanese ambassador, was crowned Queen of the Cherry Blossoms in April 1937. With the Queen are two attendants; Masako Saito, also a daughter of the Japanese ambassador, and Barbara Caldwell, the "American playmate of the two youngsters."
Cameramen hoist "pretty Washington Miss" Peggy Townsend into the blooms at Potomac Park. The Cherry Blossom Queen was "tree'd" before attending festival cerimonies.
Taken at 2417 Otis St. NE, this photo shows that beautiful cherry blossoms do in areas beyond Tidal Basin and West Potomac Park. Information from the Library of Congress labels this photo "Daughter in Cherry Blossoms."
A group of visitors moves across the Tidal Basin for a look at the cherry blossoms. In the backdrop, the Jefferson Memorial can be seen under construction.
Camera enthusiasts down along the Tidal Basin photograph the cherry blossoms with the Washington Monument in the background on April 8, 1950.
Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall was on hand with his sons when lights were turned on to illuminate the cherry blossoms around the Tidal Basin near the Jefferson Memorial on April 7, 1966. The boys are Dennis, 9, at left, and Jamie, 6.
The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial is accented with cherry blossoms.