BEIJING -- Two men engulfed themselves in a burst of flames outside a Buddhist temple popular with tourists and pilgrims in Lhasa, marking the first time a recent wave of self-immolations to protest Chinese rule has reached the tightly guarded Tibetan capital.

One man died and the other was hospitalized after they set themselves on fire Sunday outside the Jokhang Temple, the official Xinhua News Agency said. The report quoted a local Communist Party official as blaming separatist forces, an accusation it often makes against Tibetan exiles who support the Dalai Lama.

Xinhua said the two men were taken away by authorities within two minutes of setting themselves on fire.

Protests have become rare in remote Tibet and Lhasa in particular because of tight police security that has blanketed the area since anti-government riots erupted in Lhasa in 2008.

There have been at least 34 immolations since March of last year to draw attention to China's restrictions on Buddhism and to call for the return from exile of the Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama. Most have taken place in heavily Tibetan areas of China, but only one had occurred in Tibet itself and none in the capital.

Chinese authorities have confirmed some of the self-immolations over the past year but not all.

The twin immolations in the heart of the Tibetan capital are certain to embarrass the region's communist leadership, who have pledged to prioritize social stability and ethnic unity. That mandate is especially pressing this year as China prepares for a once-a-decade leadership transition in the fall and doesn't want the occasion undermined.

The immolations are also likely to prompt tough, new restrictions on Tibetan social gatherings and religious activities in Lhasa, as they have elsewhere.

Radio Free Asia reported Monday that Lhasa was under heavy police and paramilitary guard following the immolations and that the situation was very tense.

Two foreigners working in the Lhasa tourism industry reached Monday declined to comment on the situation, citing the sensitivity of the issue.

The self-immolations occurred in the open-air Barkhor market near the temple in the center of Lhasa, an area popular with Tibetans and tourists alike.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Weimin said Monday that "inciting such deaths will win no hearts. The political motive behind (the immolations) will never be successful."

Beijing has called the protesters' actions a form of terrorism. The Dalai Lama has blamed China's harsh repression on Tibetan spiritual life and empathized with the protesters.

In a statement from its Indian headquarters, the self-declared Tibetan government-in-exile said it was "seriously concerned" about the spread of such protests and urged China to open Tibetan regions to the media and U.N. observers.

Xinhua said the immolations were handled quickly and order was restored.

"They were a continuation of the self-immolations in other Tibetan areas and these acts were all aimed at separating Tibet from China," Xinhua quoted Hao Peng, secretary of the Commission for Political and Legal Affairs of the CPC Tibet Committee, as saying in a statement Sunday.

Xinhua identified the man who died as Tobgye Tseten from Xiahe county in Gansu province and the other man as Dargye, from Aba county in Sichuan province.

Most of the recent immolations have been in Aba, home to Kirti monastery, where numerous protests have occurred for several years. Xiahe is home to the large and influential Labrang monastery and the Tibetan community there has had sporadic clashes with authorities.

Xinhua said Dargye was in stable condition and able to speak.

U.S.-funded radio broadcaster Voice of America said the two men worked at a Lhasa restaurant called Nyima Ling. It identified one of the men as 19-year-old Dorjee Tseten but was unable to give the name or age of the other.

"This was the first time it has happened in Lhasa – and right in the middle of Lhasa," said Tenzin Tsundue, a Tibetan poet and one of the most prominent activists living in India.

He said it reflects that anger against Chinese rule is not limited to areas where most of the immolations have occurred – the mostly ethnically Tibetan areas outside the legal boundaries of Tibet.

"All over Tibet it's the same emotion, it's the same response" to Beijing's policies, he said.

"We are always in fear of the next self-immolation, and whenever it happens we say prayers. And every time it happens we hope the world is listening."

China says Tibet has always been part of its territory, but many Tibetans say the Himalayan region was virtually independent for centuries until Chinese troops invaded in the 1950s.

Beijing blames the Dalai Lama for fanning anti-government sentiment and routinely purges monasteries and nunneries, where support for the Dalai Lama and Tibetan independence runs high.


Associated Press writer Tim Sullivan contributed to this report from New Delhi.

WARNING: Images below contain graphic content.

Loading Slideshow...
  • Portraits of Jamyang Palden (L), in his thirties from Rebkong and Lobsang Tsultrim, 20, from Ngaba, both from Tibet's Amdo region and who died by setting themselves on fire in protest, are seen in front of lit butter lamps during a vigil for Tibetans who have immolated themselves in protest against Chinese rule in Tibet, in McLeod Ganj on March 17, 2012. (STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images)

  • This image from video, released Friday, March 23, 2012 by London-based activist group Free Tibet, reportedly shows the self-immolation of Sonam Thargyal, a 44-year-old farmer who doused himself with kerosene before setting himself on fire earlier this month in Tongren, a monastery town in Qinghai province, western China. (AP Photo / Free Tibet)

  • Tibetan exiles place pictures of Tibetan exile Jamphel Yeshi - who died after setting fire to himself in protest against China's occupation of Tibet - on the side of an ambulance which will transport his remains to Dharamsala, in New Delhi on March 29, 2012. (TENGKU BAHAR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • The Dalai Lama prays during a day-long fast and prayer service in honour of Tibetans who set themselves on fire to protest the Chinese rule in Tibet, at Tsuglagkhang Temple in McLeod Ganj on October 19, 2011. (LOBSANG WANGYAL/AFP/Getty Images)

  • In this file image taken from Nov. 11, 2011 video footage released by Students For A Free Tibet via AP video purports to show Buddhist nun Palden Choetso engulfed in flames in her self-immolation protest against Chinese rule on a street in Tawu, Tibetan Ganzi prefecture, in China's Sichuan Province. (AP Photo/Students For A Free Tibet via AP video, File)

  • Traditional Tibetan butter lamps burn in an altar as exile Tibetans pray for Tibetans who have died in recent spate of immolations in Tibet and India, in Dharmsala, India, Saturday, April 21, 2012. (AP Photo/Ashwini Bhatia)