A rare celestial event known as the transit of Venus will take place Tuesday -- and rain or shine, the Wayne State University Department of Physics and Astronomy will be ready for an evening of sky-gazing.

The Department is sponsoring a free evening of activities from 6 to 9 p.m. in honor of the special occurrence, which happens when Venus passes directly between the Earth and Sun. The planet will be visible as a small dot moving across the Sun's surface.

Jeff Conn, senior lecturer and associate director of the planetarium says the event happens about every 100-120 years in paired cycles that take place eight years apart from each other.

"You might think it might happen more often," he told the Huffington Post, "the reason it doesn't is … Venus is not quite in the same plane [as the earth] -- and every time Venus is lined up, it is usually a little above or a little below the sun."

The last transit of Venus took place in 2004. Before that it hadn't taken place since 1874 and 1882.

(SCROLL DOWN FOR PHOTOS)

Conn said the transit is historically significant because it helped astronomers calculate the distance between the Earth and Sun. He added that Wayne State's event will feature specially outfitted observation equipment and warned that viewing the event through binoculars, welding glasses or a telescope without scientific supervision could lead to eye damage.

In the case of cloudy weather, participants will still be able to watch NASA live feed of the transit. The event will also include a film about the transit, planetarium shows at 6:45 and 7:45 and a "Phantastic Physics" presentation that will include a fire tornado and a liquid nitrogen demonstration.

Wayne State's Transit of Venus Viewing Event takes place June 5 from 6 to 9 p.m. The event is free. Viewing will take place at the Roof top Observatory of WSU's Physics Research Building at 666 W. Hancock in Detroit. The Observatory is not wheel chair accessible. Physics Demos and NASA feed will happen at the Physics Research Building in Room 245 in the same building. Planetarium shows will take place at Room 0209 of the Old Main Building at 4841 Cass Avenue in Detroit. Visit the website of WSU's Department of Physics and Astronomy for details.

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  • Venus Transit Across The Sun

    IN SPACE - JUNE 5: In this handout image provided by NASA, the SDO satellite captures an ultra-high definition image of the Transit of Venus across the face of the sun on June 5, 2012 from space. The last transit was in 2004 and the next pair of events will not happen again until the year 2117 and 2125. (Photo by SDO/NASA via Getty Images)

  • Clouds partially obscure the sun during the transit of Venus June 5, 2012 as seen from Riverside Park on the west side of Manhattan in New York. Astronomers around the world are training their telescopes on the skies to watch Venus pass in front of the Sun, a once-in-a-lifetime event that will not be seen for another 105 years. (STAN HONDA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • 8-year-old Alex Olling smiles as he uses makeshift sunglasses to watch Venus crossing the sun's face on June 5, 2012 as seen from College Park, Maryland. Astronomers around the world trained their telescopes on the skies Tuesday to watch Venus pass in front of the Sun, a once-in-a-lifetime event that will not be seen for another 105 years. (JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/GettyImages)

  • People wait to view the transit of Venus across the face of the sun on June 5, 2012, in Medellin, Antioquia department, Colombia. Astronomers around the world are pointing their telescopes on the skies to watch Venus pass in front of the Sun, a once-in-a-lifetime event that will not be seen for another 105 years. (RAUL ARBOLEDA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • A passenger plane passes Venus (black spot on the right) in the planet's transit across the face of the sun seen from Los Angeles, California on June 05, 2012. Astronomers around the world are training their telescopes on the skies to watch Venus pass in front of the Sun, a once-in-a-lifetime event that will not be seen for another 105 years.AFP PHOTO /JOE KLAMAR (Photo credit should read JOE KLAMAR/AFP/GettyImages)

  • A woman and her child take a peek at a telescope during the transit of Venus across the Sun as at the Universum Museum in the National University (UNAM) in Mexico City, Mexico, Tuesday, June 5, 2012. Despite a very cloudy day, thousands of people gathered at the museum to get a glimpse of the event that will only be seen again in 2117. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)

  • San Luis Obispo, Calif.

    Dr. Joe Schwartz observes the transit of Venus through a telescope from his home in San Luis Obispo, Calif., on June 5, 2012.

  • Venus Transit 2012

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Eric_Ebling"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/794169724/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Eric_Ebling">Eric Ebling</a>:<br />took this series over a few hours on my rooftop. Santa Monica California

  • Getting ready in Traverse City, Michigan.

  • 'Setting up shop in Texas'

    Celestron CPC 100 with MallinCam video system and white filter for sun viewing. (Submitted by FiberInspector.)

  • My Teenage Daughter Eclipsing the Eclipse

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/sexypathdoc"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://s.huffpost.com/images/profile/user_placeholder.gif" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/sexypathdoc">sexypathdoc</a>:<br />

  • San Luis Obispo, Calif.

    Dr. Joe Schwartz, left, and Barbara Boom view the transit of Venus in San Luis Obispo, Calif.

  • Venus begins to pass in front of the sun, as visible from New York, Tuesday, June 5, 2012. From the U.S. to South Korea, people around the world turned their attention to the daytime sky on Tuesday and early Wednesday in Asia to make sure they caught the once-in-a-lifetime sight of the transit of Venus, which won't be seen for another 150 years. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)

  • San Luis Obispo, Calif.

    Brian P. Lawler writes: "About 100 people stood in line Tuesday afternoon to see Venus' transit of the Sun at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo, Calif. Manning the telescope on the left is Physics and Astronomy Professor David Mitchell."

  • Indian Pramod Kumar Pandey, Director of Jawahar Planetarium checks a telescope as he makes preparations for people to watch the transit of Venus in Allahabad, India, Tuesday, June 5, 2012. Stargazers around the world are setting up special telescopes and passing out cardboard eclipse glasses to view the once-in-a-lifetime celestial cameo of Venus passing in front of the sun. Venus is Earth's second-closest neighboring planet. (AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh)

  • Brian P. Lawler writes: Carina Hessmer, a graduating senior at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, Calif., looks through an 80mm telescope at Venus' transit of the Sun. Behind the telescope is Cal Poly Physics and Astronomy Professor David Mitchell. Over 100 people stood in line this afternoon to see the astronomical event that won't repeat for over 100 years.

  • Venus transit over Dallas

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/davidworthington"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://s.huffpost.com/images/profile/user_placeholder.gif" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/davidworthington">davidworthington</a>:<br />Venus in transit shot from Dallas Texas at appox 6 p.m.

  • Clouds partially obscure the sun during the transit of Venus June 5, 2012 as seen from Riverside Park on the west side of Manhattan in New York. Astronomers around the world are training their telescopes on the skies to watch Venus pass in front of the Sun, a once-in-a-lifetime event that will not be seen for another 105 years. (STAN HONDA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • Venus (top) begins to cross the sun's face during the transit of Venus June 5, 2012 as seen from the west side of Manhattan in New York. Astronomers around the world are training their telescopes on the skies to watch Venus pass in front of the Sun, a once-in-a-lifetime event that will not be seen for another 105 years. (STAN HONDA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • Venus VS Sun

    MY favorite Fuji with 30X zoom

  • Venus sailing across the sun

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/AdamJohn89"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/1410774186/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/AdamJohn89">AdamJohn89</a>:<br />Venus sailing across the sun. Picture taken at 7PM from Havre de Grace Maryland.

  • Projection of Venus using binoculars.

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Maharlika77"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://s.huffpost.com/images/profile/user_placeholder.gif" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Maharlika77">Maharlika77</a>:<br />View of Venus from Columbia, MO.

  • Venus Transit in Milton Ontario using binoculars.

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Mike_Druiven"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/1510503789/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Mike_Druiven">Mike Druiven</a>:<br />Photo by Sandra Voisin. Steady hand by Mike Druiven

  • In this photo provided by Ole Miss Communications, astronomy enthusiasts view the transit of Venus in front of the sun at the Kennon Observatory at The University of Mississippi in Oxford, Miss., Tuesday, June 5, 2012. From the U.S. to South Korea, people around the world turned their attention to the daytime sky on Tuesday and early Wednesday in Asia to make sure they caught the once-in-a-lifetime sight of the transit of Venus, which won't be seen for another 150 years. (AP Photo/Ole Miss Communications, Nathan Latil)

  • Hong Kong stargazers use telescopes to observe the transit of Venus along the Victoria Habour in Hong Kong Wednesday, June 6, 2012. Stargazers around the world are setting up special telescopes and passing out cardboard eclipse glasses to view the once-in-a-lifetime celestial cameo of Venus passing in front of the sun. (AP Photo/Vincent Yu)

  • The Starlight Astronomy Club in Altoona, Pa., gears up for the Venus transit with telescopes modified for solar viewing.

  • Tom Kasner of the Starlight Astronomy Club in Altoona, Pa. getting ready for the Venus transit.

  • Venus, upper right, transits the sun as seen through a dark glass from Quito, Ecuador, Tuesday, June 5, 2012. From the U.S. to South Korea, people around the world turned their attention to the daytime sky on Tuesday and early Wednesday in Asia to make sure they caught the once-in-a-lifetime sight of the transit of Venus, which won't be seen for another 150 years. (AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa)

  • A cameraman records the Transit of Venus seen on a screen at the Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City on June 5, 2012. (ALFREDO ESTRELLA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • Venus In Albuquerque, NM

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Azulla"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/1106103997/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Azulla">Azulla</a>:<br />

  • High Ridge, Mo.

    Taken with a Cannon PowerShot SX230 HS starting at 5:10 p.m. Central time.

  • Kyle, Tex.

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Tasheena_Ashton"></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Tasheena_Ashton">Tasheena Ashton</a>:<br />

  • In this photo made using a red filter, Venus begins to pass in front of the sun, as visible from from Overland Park, Kan.on Tuesday, June 5, 2012. From the U.S. to South Korea, people around the world turned their attention to the daytime sky on Tuesday and early Wednesday in Asia to make sure they caught the once-in-a-lifetime sight of the transit of Venus, which won't be seen for another 150 years. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)

  • Venus in Transit

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/casaroonc"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://s.huffpost.com/images/profile/user_placeholder.gif" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/casaroonc">casaroonc</a>:<br />I took this Photo with my Canon Power Shot that was looking through a pair of Binoculars that were looking through my welding Helmet. Venus is the green dot at the 1 O'Clock mark. Eric DeYoung Wilmington, NC

  • Meggan Wood's Homemade Solar Filter

    Meggan Wood writes: "NexStar 5SE telescope with a homemade solar filter and my Canon Rebel Xsi attached with a basic T-ring and adapter."

  • 4:59 p.m.

    Photo by Meggan Wood

  • A crescent Venus shines in an ultraviolet snapshot taken by the NASA-ESA Hubble Space Telescope in 1995. As Venus circles the sun, it appears to go through phases that mimic those of our moon when seen through a telescope. Visit National Geographic's gallery of Venus transit photos <a href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/06/pictures/120604-transit-of-venus-2012-pictures-sun-earth-planets-space/" target="_hplink">here</a>, and learn more <a href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/06/120604-transit-of-venus-2012-sun-planet-hubble-space-science-how-when/" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Photo by Marcus Holmes.

  • Marcus Holmes' Rig

  • NASA's SDO Satellite Captures First Image of the Venus Transit

    On June 5-6 2012, SDO is collecting images of one of the rarest predictable solar events: the transit of Venus across the face of the sun. This event happens in pairs eight years apart that are separated from each other by 105 or 121 years. The last transit was in 2004 and the next will not happen until 2117. (NASA/SDO, HMI)

  • Transit of Venus

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Tammye_McDuff_Dunn"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/1642065951/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Tammye_McDuff_Dunn">Tammye McDuff Dunn</a>:<br />Using the technology of a Discovery 8" Dobsonian and a solar filter and my Sony digital camera, we caught amazing photos!

  • Venus Sailing across the Sun

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/hagjk_09"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/524358076/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/hagjk_09">hagjk 09</a>:<br />JHK Photography New Oxford Pa 17350

  • Venus hangs low in the evening twilight near a razor-thin crescent moon in an undated picture taken from Troms County in northern Norway. Visit National Geographic's gallery of Venus transit photos <a href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/06/pictures/120604-transit-of-venus-2012-pictures-sun-earth-planets-space/" target="_hplink">here</a>, and learn more <a href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/06/120604-transit-of-venus-2012-sun-planet-hubble-space-science-how-when/" target="_hplink">here</a>.

  • Transit of Venus

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Kelby_Roberson"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/1817589103/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Kelby_Roberson">Kelby Roberson</a>:<br />This image was taken on June 5, 2012 in the United States.

  • Venus and an airplane transit the sun

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/grumpykel"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://s.huffpost.com/images/profile/user_placeholder.gif" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/grumpykel">grumpykel</a>:<br />Venus and an airplane cross infront of the sun.

  • Venus Transit 2012

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Richard_MysticalSun"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/507162091/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Richard_MysticalSun">Richard MysticalSun</a>:<br />I took these two photos in the SF Bay Area using a custom made kit.

  • Venus transit over Carbondale IL

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/debbiethechicken"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://s.huffpost.com/images/profile/user_placeholder.gif" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/debbiethechicken">debbiethechicken</a>:<br />Photo by Jason Thomas. Shot with a Canon S2IS (old) Inside a projection box. Images captured on Mac with a USB over Ethernet connection and Canon Image Capture.

  • veiw of venus

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/RobHTexera"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://images.huffingtonpost.com/twitter_profile_img/1876464.png" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/RobHTexera">RobHTexera</a>:<br />venus passes by the sun 6/5/2012

  • Venus Transit from Vashon

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Mark_Cavener"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/764384573/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Mark_Cavener">Mark Cavener</a>:<br />Taken @ 3:39PM PDT from Manzanita Beach - Vashon Island, WA

  • Venus Transit 2012

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Richard_MysticalSun"><img style="float:left;padding-right:6px !important;" src="http://graph.facebook.com/507162091/picture?type=square" /></a><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/social/Richard_MysticalSun">Richard MysticalSun</a>:<br />Taken from the SF Bay Area using my custom solar astrophotography kit.

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