The jobs crisis is eating into American retirement savings.
Sixty-three percent of jobless Americans with a 401(k) plan have made a withdrawal from that account, according to a survey released Tuesday by the Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies (h/t the Sun-Sentinel). By participating in this practice, these jobless Americans are putting their retirement at risk by depleting their savings with penalties, while also not accumulating new income or job experience.
The government charges a 10 percent penalty for hardship withdrawals from or cashing out a 401(k) account.
The boost in retirement account withdrawals is just one of the many alternative ways millions of unemployed Americans are finding to make ends meet. The number of Americans on food stamps rose 43 percent over the past three years to 46.3 million.
Many unemployed workers have gotten so desperate that they've completely cashed out their retirement savings. A recent study by Ariel Investments and Aon Hewitt found that among Americans with company retirement accounts that lost their jobs in 2010, 63 percent of African-Americans, 57 percent of Hispanics and one-third of whites and Asian-Americans completely cashed out their retirement savings.
Taking some job, however low-paying, can shield some laid-off workers from having to deplete their retirement savings. The survey found that only 34 percent of underemployed workers with a 401(k) account from a previous employer have made a withdrawal from their plan.
The online survey questioned 621 unemployed and underemployed Americans in a nationally representative sample, according to the survey authors.Americans need about $1 million in retirement savings to generate $40,000 per year in retirement income, according to Kiplinger.