By Bonnie Taub-Dix for U.S. News Health
We've all heard the expression "shop the perimeter of the store." But if you skip the middle, you're missing out on a wealth of wholesome, delicious food choices. Your supermarket shelves are filled with hidden treasures that you shouldn't pass up. Like beans, one of the most neglected and under-valued items.
Beans provide myriad health benefits, and they fit into several different food groups: Although they are rich in complex carbs like breads and starches, as a plant-based food, they feel right at home in the vegetable group, offering an array of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, like their veggie companions. They can also hold their own in the protein group, supplying protein aplenty. Unlike some other members of this group, beans provide little to no fat and are cholesterol-free. In fact, beans actually lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels instead of potentially causing them to increase, as some animal proteins have been shown to do.
Though they've been around for centuries, beans are a modern-day superfood. Why? Let's count the ways.
They Are Heart-Helpers
Beans are "heart healthy" because they contain an abundance of soluble fiber, which can lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels. If you prefer canned beans, you can ditch up to 40 percent of the sodium by rinsing them in water.
They Are Low In Fat
Most beans are about 2 to 3 percent fat, and contain no cholesterol, unless they're processed or prepared with other ingredients, such as lard. (Check labels to see what else may be in the package or can.) <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/75001512@N00/4103771421/" target="_hplink">Joelk75</a></em>
They Pack Protein
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans say we should be eating more plant proteins. About 1/2 cup of beans provides 7 grams of protein, the same amount as in 1 ounce of chicken, meat or fish. Vegetarians, vegans and individuals who seldom eat meat, poultry, or fish could count on beans as an alternative choice. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/76714903/" target="_hplink">adactio</a></em>
They Balance Blood Sugar
With a low glycemic index, beans contain a beautiful blend of complex carbohydrates and protein. Because of this, beans are digested slowly, which helps keep blood glucose stable, and may curtail fatigue and irritability. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdickert/5605203028/" target="_hplink">ilovebutter</a></em>
They Cut Cancer Risk
Scientists recommend that adults consume 3 cups of beans per week to promote health and reduce the risk of chronic diseases, like cancer. That owes to their abundance of fiber and antioxidants. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/nourishingcook/5013538776/" target="_hplink">NourishingCook</a></em>
They Will Move You
Filled with fiber, beans can promote regularity by preventing constipation. To maximize your meal, be sure to accompany high-fiber foods with ample fluids, like still or sparkling water. Weighing in at 5 to 8 grams of fiber per 100 grams (3 ounces), beans are ideal for those who are sensitive to gluten, a natural protein found in products containing wheat, rye, barley, and sometimes oats. If you do have food allergies, however, check the food label or contact the manufacturer to be sure the product is safe. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/ryustar/7207863564/" target="_hplink">heliosphan</a></em>
They'll Satisfy You
Because beans are metabolized more slowly than other complex carbs, they may aid in weight loss by keeping us feeling full without being excessively high in calories. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/stone-soup/5505587182/" target="_hplink">jules:stonesoup</a></em>
Canned, frozen or dry, beans are a breeze to purchase, prepare, and store. They even come in flour form. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/beckayork/6146660744/" target="_hplink">Girl Interrupted Eating</a></em>
They Are Wallet-Friendly
Beans can are the least expensive source of protein, especially when compared to fresh meat. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/22179048@N05/5194349527/" target="_hplink">BobPetUK</a></em>
They Are Nutrient-Rich
Aside from protein, complex carbs and fiber, beans contain a powerhouse of nutrients including antioxidants, and vitamins and minerals, such as copper, folate, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, potassium and zinc. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans refer to many of these important nutrients as "shortfall nutrients," meaning most of us aren't getting enough of them. Beans can help you step up to a more complete plate. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/koadmunkee/4350898480/" target="_hplink">koadmunkee</a></em>
They can be incorporated into a main dish (chili), side dish (rice and beans), appetizer (soup) or snack (dip). It's easy to be creative when you have kidney beans, pinto beans, black beans, lima beans, black-eyed peas, garbanzo beans (chickpeas), split peas and lentils in your pantry. Take advantage of their various shapes, sizes and colors when planning meals. <em>Flickr photo by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/xavitalleda/5573309473/" target="_hplink">xavi talleda</a></em>
What's your favorite way to prepare beans?
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