Hanukkah, the Jewish Festival of Lights, is celebrated Dec. 8-16, 2012. On the Hebrew calendar, the dates are 25 Kislev to 2 Tevet in the year 5773.
An eight-day celebration, Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in the second century B.C.E. during the Maccabean revolt against oppressive Greek rulers. It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays and is celebrated by lighting a nine-branch candelabrum, commonly called a menorah. (Technically, the candelabrum for Hanukkah is called a hanukkiah to distinguish itself from the seven-branch menorah used in the Temple and described in Exodus 25.)
The story of Hanukkah is one of revolution and miracles: Greek influence over the Jews in the Land of Israel had become an affront to Jewish culture and ritual. Antiochus, the Greek ruler, forbade Jewish religious practice, so a small group of Jews, the Maccabees, revolted. These Jews eventually prevailed and, as a first order of business, restored the Holy Temple, which had been desecrated. The menorah in the Temple needed to be re-lit because, according to tradition, it should burn continuously. The Temple liberators found one vial of olive oil, enough for one day of light. Miraculously, the oil lasted for eight days.
Today, Jews everywhere light menorahs on each night of Hanukkah. Traditionally, one candle or flame is lit for each night until the eighth night, when all eight lights shine together. The menorah has a ninth "helper" flame -- known as the shamash -- used to light the other candles. This is necessary because in Jewish law the Hanukkah lights' only purpose is to visually proclaim the miracle of the holiday. Jews place the lit menorah in a prominent window in order to fulfill this commandment.
Gift giving is now a common practice on Hanukkah, and it is therefore a beloved time for Jewish children. Fried potato pancakes (latkes) and doughnuts (sufganiyot) are traditional fare, and a spinning top (dreidel) with four Hebrew letters has become synonymous with the holiday. The letters -- nun, gimel, hei, shin -- form an acronym for the message of Hanukkah: A great miracle happened there.
Click through for a collection of Hanukkah how-tos:
How to Celebrate
Learn how to celebrate Hanukkah, the Jewish festival of lights.
How to Understand the Hanukkah Story
Learn the basic facts about an important Jewish holiday with a guide on how to understand the Hanukkah story.
How to Make the 'Ultimate Latkes' for Hanukkah
How to make the ultimate latke for Hanukkah, <a href="http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-life-and-religion/118319/the-ultimate-latke">via <em>Tablet Magazine</em></a>.
How to Keep the Candles From Falling
Use this trick to keep Hanukkah candles from tipping over.
How to Play Dreidel
How to Play Dreidel
How to Make a Hanukkah Brisket
We prepare a kosher beef brisket with a barbecue twist for Hanukkah.
How to Make a Festive Hanukkah Meal
A delicious dinner that incorporates festive Jewish traditions can be the best part of your Hanukkah celebration with family and friends.
How to Make Hanukkah Jelly Doughnuts
Jelly doughnuts, also known as sufganiyot, are a traditional Hanukkah dessert. You can enjoy making them as a treat anytime.
How to Make Potato Pancakes
The Working Class Foodies learn how to make potato pancakes from their Grandpa, a latke master.
How to Make Hanukkah Chocolate Coin Cookies
Celebrate the Festival of Lights by making your own chocolate coin cookies with this recipe.
Edible Hanukkah Crafts Project for Kids
Celebrations.com Editor Melissa Klein provides an easy tutorial for how to make an edible Hanukkah crafts project with your kids this year. You can learn <a href="http://forward.com/articles/167136/how-to-guide-to-hanukkah-gingerbread-house/">how to make Hanukkah Gingerbread House</a> -- seriously! -- by visiting the <em>Forward</em>.
How to Play 'Maoz Tzur' on Guitar
Guitar Lesson/Tutorial for "Maoz Tzur," a traditional Hanukkah song Chords: C: x32010 G: 320033 Am: x02210 F: 133211 or xx3211 Whole Song: C - G - Am - F Lyrics: <em>Maoz tzur y'shuati l'cha naeh l'shabeach Tikon beit t'filati v'sham todah n'zabeach. L'eit tachin matbeach mitzar hamnabeach Az egmor b'shir mizmor chanukat hamizbeach. </em>