Hollywood loves using books as source material - this year's Best Picture category at the Oscars features "Life of Pi," "Lincoln," "Argo," "Silver Linings Playbook," and "Les Misérables," all of which began as books.
But did you know that Oscar winner "Million Dollar Baby" began as a series of short stories written by a boxing trainer who went by the pen-name F.X. Toole? Or that "Shawshank Redemption" and "Stand By Me" were both originally Stephen King novellas in the same collection?
Check out the slideshow below to see these and other unexpected movies that first appeared in print.
Did we miss any? Let us know in the comments!
Based on: <em>Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption</em> by Stephen King (1982) Part of the <em>Different Seasons</em> story collection, King's novel is about a man sentenced to prison for a double-murder and the mean he meets in prison.
Based on: <em>Prince of Thieves</em> by Chuck Hogan (2004) Hogan won the 2005 Hammet Prize for <em>Prince of Thieves</em>, an honor awarded by the International Association of Crime Writers for the best North American crime novel. Stephen King named the book one of the 10 best novels of the year, according to HarperCollins.
Based on: <em>Jaws</em> by Peter Benchley (1947) Benchley's novel was inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916 and the adeventures of shark fisherman Frank Mundus. The novel was released in 1947 and stayed on the New York Times best-seller list for 44 weeks.
Gangs of New York
Based on: <em>The Gangs of New York</em> by Herbert Asbury (1928) <em>The Gangs of New York</em> chronicles the rise and fall of New York gangs in the 19th Century before the organization of the Mafia and the era of Prohibition. The film version is loosely based on this tale of urban violence and crime.
Who Framed Roger Rabbit?
Based on: <em>Who Censored Roger Rabbit?</em> by Gary K. Wolf (1981) In Wolf's mystery story, Roger Rabbit is murdered as an act of censorship because the cartoon character has overheard confidential information. Hard-boiled private eye Eddie Valiant takes on the case.
Based on: <em>Nothing Lasts Forever</em> by Roderick Thorp (1979) <em>Nothing Lasts Forever</em> is the crime-thriller sequel to Thorp's <em>The Detective</em>. To celebrate the books 25th anniversary in Dec. 2012, it was re-released in print and as an e-book.
9 1/2 Weeks
Based on: <em>Nine And A Half Weeks</em> by Elizabeth McNeill (1978) McNeill's erotic memoir reveals her own sadomasochistic affair. The film version, starring Kim Basinger and Mickey Rourke was not an immediate success in the U.S., but was wildly popular overseas and grossed $100 million internationally.
Fast Times at Ridgemont High
Based on: <em>Fast Times at Ridgemont High</em> by Cameron Crowe (1981) Crowe was a freelance writer for Rolling Stone when he went undercover at Clairemont High School in San Diego and wrote about his experiences. He adapted his coming-of-age teen comedy for the screen in 1982, a year after the novel had been released. In 2005, the film version was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress.
Stand By Me
Based on: <em>The Body</em> by Stephen King (1982) Originally published as a novella in King's <em>Different Seasons </em>collection, which includes the source for "The Shawshank Redemption," <em>The Body</em> is the story of three boys who go searching for a missing person in Castle Rock, Maine.
Million Dollar Baby
Based on: <em>Rope Burns: Stories from the Corner</em> by F.X. Toole (2000) F.X. Toole is the pen-name of cutman and boxing trainer Jerry Boyd (1930 – 2002). <em>Rope Burns</em> was a series of short stories from which the Oscar-winning film was adapted.
Based on: <em>Wiseguy</em> by Nicholas Pileggi (1986) Pileggi is a crime reporter who wrote the non-fiction book on the life of Henry Hill, a mobster who becomes an informant. He also wrote the screenplay for the film adaptation, "Goodfellas."
Based on: <em>Scarface</em> by Armitage Trail (1929) Trail was paid $25,000 to adapt his crime novel about the rise of gangster Al Capone to film in 1932, directed by Howard Hawkes. The 1982 version of the film staring Al Pacino is a remake of the original.
The Princess Bride
Based on: <em>The Princess Bride</em> by William Goldman (1973) The fantasy-romance novel is written as an abridgment of the <em>The Princess Bride</em> by S. Morgenstern, which does not exist. Goldman includes his own commentary throughout.
10 Things I Hate About You
Based on: <em>Taming Of The Shrew</em> by William Shakespeare (c. 1590) The film is a modernization of Shakespeare's comedy in which a gentleman of Verona tames a headstrong woman into an obedient bride while other characters compete for her sister's affection.
Based on: "Emma" by Jane Austen (1815) <em>Clueless</em>, set in Beverly Hills, is the modernization of Austen's misconstrued romance. Before writing the book, Austen remarked "I am going to take a heroine whom no one but myself will much like."
Based on: <em>Les Liaisons dangereuses (The Dangerous Liaisons)</em> by Choderlos de Laclos (1782) The French epistolary novel was first published in four volumes about two rivals and ex-lovers who use sex to humiliate others. It is written entirely as love letters and was intended to reveal the decadance of the French Aristocracy during the Ancien Regiem.
Based on: <em>Psycho</em> by Robert Bloch (1959) Bloch's epic tale of Norman Bates' obsession with his mother may have been loosely based on the arrest of Ed Gein two years previous. Gein was convicted for the murder of two women. Police discovered clothing made from human skin in his home, which psychologists believed he would wear as an attempt to impersonate his dead mother.
Based on: <em>Q & A</em> by Vikas Swarup (2005) The source of the Oscar-winning film tells the story of Ram Mohammad Thomas, a waiter who becomes the biggest quiz show winner in history and is sent to jail for cheating without proof. <em>Q & A</em> won South Africa's Boeke Prize in 2006. It was also shortlisted for the Best First Book by the Commonwealth Writers' Prize and won the Prix Grand Public at the 2007 Paris Book Fair. It has been translated into 42 languages.
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