RELIGION
07/12/2013 01:44 pm ET

Jewish Women, Male Rituals: Reform And Conservative Judaism Allows Women To Worship Like Men (PHOTOS)

These Jewish women are shaking up the establishment in Israel by participating in rituals usually reserved for men only.

From AP:

Chaya Baker was ordained as a rabbi. Tamar Saar has read from the Torah, the Jewish holy scroll. Anat Hoffman demands that women be allowed to pray as men do at a key Jerusalem holy site.

Depending on whom you ask, these women are either pioneers or provocateurs.

They are part of the liberal Reform and Conservative streams of Judaism, which allow women to perform rituals typically reserved for men under Orthodox Judaism, the dominant form of Judaism in Israel. They say they are exercising egalitarian worship, which runs counter to the traditions of Israel's Orthodox establishment.

Under Orthodox tradition, women can't become rabbis, nor can they perform a number of rituals men do.

1. Israeli Rabbi of the Ramot Zion community, Chaya Baker, puts on Tefilin, also known as Phylacteries, at a synagogue in Jerusalem. Photo taken Wednesday, June 19, 2013.

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2. Israeli Rabbi of the Ramot Zion community, Chaya Baker, poses with members of the community for a photo at their synagogue in Jerusalem. Photo taken Wednesday, June 19, 2013.

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3. Israeli youth Tamar Saar, center, poses for a photo with the Rabbi of their community, Maya Lebovich, right, and her parents at a synagogue in Mevaseret Zion near Jerusalem. Photo taken Tuesday, June 18, 2013.

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4. Israeli youth Tamar Saar, left, poses for a photo with the Rabbi of their community, Maya Lebovich, at a synagogue in Mevaseret Zion near Jerusalem. Photo taken Tuesday, June 18, 2013.

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5. Israeli Rabbis Miriam Berkowitz, left, and Valery Stessin, of the Kashuvot organization for pastoral care, also known as spiritual support, pose for a photo at a hospital in Jerusalem. Photo taken Thursday, June 20, 2013.

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6. Israeli Rabbi and Torah scribe, Hanna Klebansky, poses for a photo at a synagogue in Jerusalem. Photo taken Wednesday, June 19, 2013.

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7. Israeli Rabbi and Torah scribe, Hanna Klebansky, left, poses for a photo with members of the community at a synagogue in Jerusalem. Photo taken Wednesday, June 19, 2013.

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8. Israeli Rabbi and Jewish law "Decider", Diana Villa, poses for a photo at the Schechter Institute of Jewish studies where she teaches in Jerusalem. Photo taken Sunday, June 16, 2013.

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9. Israeli Rabbi and Jewish law "Decider", Diana Villa, center, poses for a photo with colleagues at the Schechter Institute of Jewish studies where she teaches in Jerusalem. Photo taken Sunday, June 16, 2013.

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10. The chairman of the Women of the Wall organization, Anat Hoffman, poses for a photo in Jerusalem. Photo taken Thursday, June 20, 2013.

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