An outspoken critic of Florida's "Stand Your Ground" has officially filed a bill to repeal the controversial self-defense law.

Back in 2005, Florida was the first of 21 states to enact "Stand Your Ground," which allows people in fear of serious injury to use deadly force to defend themselves rather than retreat. It expanded on Florida's previous self-defense law, the castle doctrine, by permitting use of such force outside of one's home or vehicle.

Monday Rep. Alan Williams, (D-Tallahassee) sponsored HB 4003, which repeals "Stand Your Ground." He sponsored the same bill last year, which died in the Criminal Justice Subcommittee.

"It's not about gun control. It's about self-control," Williams recently told a radio station. "We hunt too. But we don't hunt young men minding their own business."

The law has come under particular scrutiny after the acquittal of George Zimmerman in the death of Trayvon Martin. Although it was not officially used by Zimmerman's defense team, its language was included in the jury instructions and it was the reason police did not arrest Zimmerman for two months after the shooting.

After Zimmerman's acquittal, Williams announced plans to also file a bill clarifying the "Stand Your Ground" statue language, which is notoriously applied inconsistently across self-defense cases.

Last year a similar bill significantly revising "Stand Your Ground," sponsored by Chris Smith (D-Fort Lauderdale), also died in the Criminal Justice Subcommittee.

In fact, to this point, nearly every effort to change the state's self-defense law has been a dead-end.

In April 2012, a governor-sanctioned task force found that no major changes to the law were necessary. The finding was not surprising considering the consulting members consisted of the original drafters of "Stand Your Ground" and a handful of other known supporters.

More recently Gov. Rick Scott rejected activist group Dream Defenders' request for a special session on "Stand Your Ground," despite their 31-day sit-in protest outside his office.

Dream Defenders even gathered enough Democratic support to initiate a polling of lawmakers on holding a special session, but it was rejected by an overwhelming two-to-one majority.

House Speaker Will Weatherford has agreed to a hearing on Stand Your Ground in the fall, but he also appointed staunch supporter Matt Gaetz as the hearing chair.

And the push to keep the law as written was recently refueled by a questionable "unanimous" vote of support from Florida law enforcement. Florida sheriffs has since come out in opposition.


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  • Man Retreating From Fight Shot In Back Of Head, 2007

    Michael Palmer and Timothy McTigue got into a fight in Rivera Beach, during which McTigue claimed Palmer tried to drown him. McTigue then <a href="http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/local-victims-families-insist-floridas-stand-you-1/nLhwr/" target="_blank">fatally shot Palmer in the back of the head</a> while Palmer was climbing out of the water. McTigue was acquitted.

  • Man Kills Robber Who Stole Car Radios, Then Sells Radios, 2012

    Greyston Garcia saw Pedro Roteta stealing a stereo from his truck in Miami. He pursued Roteta, who swung a bag of car stereos at Garcia, according to surveillance video. Garcia<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/27/stand-ground-man-shot-dead_n_1630974.html" target="_blank"> chased, then fatally stabbed Roteta, went home, hid the knife, and sold two of the stolen stereos</a>. A Miami-Dade judge cited the Stand Your Ground law in dismissing the case against Garcia. Months later, Garcia was killed by a stray bullet in a random Liberty City shootout.

  • Man Kills Lover Having Sex With Wife, 2012

    In Brandon, 70-year-old Ralph Wald walked in on former neighbor Walter Conley having sex with Wald's wife. After fatally shooting Conley, Wald claimed that although Conley had lived nearby, he did not recognize him and thought a stranger was raping his wife. Wald was <a href="http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/man-70-acquitted-killing-wife-lover-mid-tryst-article-1.1360052" target="_blank">acquitted after a two-hour deliberation</a>. His defense team invoked Stand Your Ground, according to the Tampa Bay Times, and noted that "<a href="http://www.tampabay.com/news/courts/criminal/brandon-defendant-accused-of-murdering-wifes-lover-to-testify/2123822" target="_blank">Wald had 'no duty to retreat' when facing perceived danger within his own home</a>."

  • Neighbor Shoots Man In Stomach Over Trash Bags, 2006

    Kenneth Allen was upset that Clearwater neighbor Jason Rosenbloom had placed eight rather than the allowed six trash bags on their curb. The two men got into a verbal dispute. As Rosenbloom approached, Allen shot him once in the stomach and once in the chest, claiming Rosenbloom had tried to enter his home. Allen was not charged, police believing his self-defense claims. "<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/07/us/07shoot.html?pagewanted=2&_r=2" target="_blank">Had it been a year and a half ago, he could have been arrested for attempted murder</a>,” Rosenbloom said of how the then-new Stand Your Ground law affected the case.

  • Rival Drug Dealer Killed, 2009

    Jackson Fleurimon shot and killed Lucus Termitus, claiming that Termitus had shown up at his Orlando apartment brandishing a gun. Fleurimon's girlfriend told police that Fleurimon shot Termitus because he told him not to "sell dope on my side of the complex." Fleurimon was <a href="http://www.tampabay.com/news/courts/criminal/many-killers-who-go-free-with-florida-stand-your-ground-law-have-history/1241378" target="_blank">granted immunity under Stand Your Ground</a>.

  • Newspaper Delivery Man Kills Stranger, 2008

    Tony Hayward was delivering newspapers in West Palm Beach when, he said, Jyron Miles approached him. Hayward <a href="http://www.tampabay.com/news/courts/criminal/some-law-abiding-citizens-claiming-self-defense-go-to-prison-without/1254961" target="_blank">claimed he thought Miles was reaching for a gun so he shot him.</a> Hayward was acquitted.

  • Man Claims He Had to Shoot Because Of Arthritis, 2008

    In Hudson, Anthony Boglino, 64, was in an argument with Haigh Frank Kopain, 36, when he said he felt threatened. He claimed his arthritis prevented him from otherwise defending himself, so he shot his pistol, wounding Kopain. Boglino <a href="http://acquitter.com/news/florida/pasco-man-acquitted-stand-your-ground/" target="_blank">was acquitted under the Stand Your Ground law</a>.

  • Neighbor Kills Man In Front Of His Children In Dog Dispute, 2009

    A neighborhood dispute over dogs in Homosassa turned deadly when <a href="http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-57408241-504083/is-this-the-age-of-justifiable-homicide/" target="_blank">Oscar Delbono shot Shane Huse</a> as Huse's two young children watched from his truck. Witnesses say that Huse had turned to walk away when Delbono fire his gun. Delbono was not charged with a crime. "<a href="http://www.tampabay.com/stand-your-ground-law/cases/case_36" target="_blank">It is a tragic, unfortunate set of circumstances that occurred, but given the state of the law there's no criminal prosecution</a>," said Assistant State Attorney Pete Magrino, according to the Tampa Bay Times, citing Citrus Daily.

  • Man Kills Door-to-Door Adventist, 2009

    Tampa neighbors said that Carlos Ibanez, a Seventh Day Adventist, had been acting out, pounding on car windows and apartment doors when <a href="http://www.tampabay.com/news/publicsafety/family-says-slain-man-was-deeply-religious-spreading-gods-word/1018757" target="_blank">Marcos A. Trujillo shot and killed him</a>. Trujillo was not charged.

  • Teen Kills Deaf Wave Runner Robber, 2011

    A Miami mother told her 14-year-old son, Jack Davis, to "get the gun" when they spotted a man trying to steal their waverunner from the dock, according to 911 calls. Davis <a href="http://www.npr.org/2012/03/23/149204405/stand-your-ground-law-questioned-after-teens-death" target="_blank">shot and killed Reynaldo Munoz, who the family claimed had threatened them</a>. A former teacher of Munoz said that was impossible because Monuz was deaf and could not speak clearly. Davis was not charged.

  • Marijuana Deal Turns Deadly, 2009

    <a href="http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2012/03/26/143105/commentary-the-troubling-history.html#.UeV0tmQ6WEM" target="_blank">Anthony Gonzalez Jr. fatally shot Sujaye Henry</a> in a Miami marijuana deal dispute that led to a car chase and shootout. Gonzalez pleaded guilty to manslaughter and was sentenced to three years in prison. <a href="http://www.tampabay.com/stand-your-ground-law/cases/case_51" target="_blank">"The limitations imposed on us by the 'stand your ground' law made it impossible for any prosecutor to pursue murder charges,"</a> said a spokesman for the Miami-Dade prosecutor's office.

  • Gang Shootout Kills Teen, 2008

    A gang shootout in Tallahassee left 15-year-old Michael Jackson dead. Two rival gang members <a href="http://www.wctv.tv/home/headlines/92183289.html" target="_blank">were granted immunity under Stand Your Ground</a>. "<a href="http://www.wctv.tv/home/headlines/92183289.html" target="_blank">A spokeswoman for Florida's Attorney General says in this case, the court made a decision about whether the defendants had a right to defend themselves regardless of whether they were gang members</a>," according to WCTV.

  • Man Fires At Utility Workers Collecting Unpaid Bills, 2009

    Miami's <a href="http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2010-11-17/news/fl-stand-ground-ruling-20101117_1_fpl-employees-miami-dade-judge-miami-dade-man" target="_blank">Ernesto Che Vino fired at two Florida Power & Light workers who had entered his yard to cut power due to unpaid bills</a>. A judge tossed out two counts of armed assault and one count of improper exhibition of a firearm, saying that under Stand Your Ground, Vino had a reasonable fear for his life.

  • Deadly Road Rage, 2012

    Seth Browning, a 23-year-old security guard in Palm Harbor, was concerned about Brandon Baker's driving and followed him to get his tag number. Baker pulled over and confronted Browning, who police say sprayed Baker with pepper spray. Browning said Baker then reached in and punched him, prompting <a href="http://www.tampabay.com/news/publicsafety/crime/road-rage-blamed-in-fatal-shooting-on-palm-harbor-street/1218558" target="_blank">Browning to pull out his company-issued gun and fatally shoot Baker</a>. Browning was not charged. "<a href="http://palmharbor.patch.com/groups/police-and-fire/p/prosecutor-stand-your-ground-law-applies-to-deadly-sh6b1815ce65" target="_blank">The bottom line is, this was justifiable use of deadly force</a>," Assistant State Attorney Bill Loughery told Palm Harbor Patch.

  • Bar Fight Shooting Spree Leaves One Injured, 2010

    Tyrone Anthony Jackson was in an altercation with Etti Miezan at a Tampa birthday party. Jackson <a href="http://www.tampabay.com/stand-your-ground-law/fatal-cases" target="_blank">reportedly went to his car to get his gun and came back to start randomly shooting into the street</a>. Miezan was injured while trying to evade his shots. Jackson was acquitted on the grounds of self-defense.