By Louis Charbonneau
UNITED NATIONS, Sept 5 (Reuters) - The United States declared on Thursday that it has given up trying to work with the U.N. Security Council on Syria, accusing Russia of holding the council hostage and allowing Moscow's allies in Syria to deploy poison gas against innocent children.
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power's remarks left no doubt that Washington would not seek U.N. approval for a military strike on Syria in response to an Aug. 21 chemical attack near Damascus. She said a draft resolution Britain submitted to the five permanent council members last week calling for a response to that attack was effectively dead.
"I was present in the meeting where the UK laid down the resolution, and everything in that meeting, in word and in body language, suggests that that resolution has no prospect of being adopted, by Russia in particular," Power told reporters.
"Our considered view, after months of efforts on chemical weapons and after 2-1/2 years of efforts on Geneva (peace talks), the humanitarian situation is that there is no viable path forward in this Security Council," she said.
After Britain submitted the draft resolution to fellow Security Council veto powers China, France, Russia and the United States, its parliament voted against British participation in planned U.S. military strikes to punish Syria's government for the chemical attack.
Washington, which is seeking U.S. congressional approval for military action, blames the latest poison gas attack on forces loyal to Assad. The United States says that sarin gas attack killed over 1,400 people, many of them children.
Power said the 15-nation council failed to live up to its role as the guardian of international peace and security.
"Unfortunately for the past 2-1/2 years, the system devised in 1945 precisely to deal with threats of this nature did not work as it is supposed to," Power said. "It did not protect peace and security for the hundreds of Syrian children who were gassed to death on Aug. 21."
"The system has protected the prerogatives of Russia, the patron of a regime that would brazenly stage the world's largest chemical weapons attack in a quarter century while chemical weapons inspectors sent by the United Nations were just across town," she said.
SECURITY COUNCIL HELD 'HOSTAGE'
The U.N. chemical investigation team, led by Sweden's Ake Sellstrom, took samples from the site of the Aug. 21 attack in the suburbs of Damascus. The results of their analysis will not be ready for weeks, U.N. diplomats say. The U.N. experts will only say whether toxic chemicals were used, not who deployed them.
Russia, backed by China, has used its veto power three times to block council resolutions condemning Assad's government and threatening it with sanctions. Assad's government, like Russia, blames the rebels for the Aug. 21 attack.
"In the wake of the flagrant shattering of the international norm against chemical weapons use, Russia continues to hold the council hostage and shirk its international responsibilities, including as a party to the chemical weapons convention," Power said.
Power was asked about Russian President Vladimir Putin, who on Wednesday declined to rule out Russian backing for military action against Syria if he was presented with proof of Syrian government involvement in the Aug. 21 attack.
"There is nothing in the pattern of our interactions ... with our Russian colleagues, that would give us any reason to be optimistic," Power said. "Indeed, we have seen nothing in President Putin's comments that suggest that there is an available path forward at the Security Council."
Nevertheless, Power said the U.S. mission briefed U.N. member states on Thursday on Washington's assessments of Aug. 21, "which overwhelmingly point to one stark conclusion - the Assad regime perpetrated a large-scale and indiscriminate attack against its own people using chemical weapons."
Washington also suggested it has shared its intelligence on the use of sarin gas on Aug. 21 with Sellstrom's team.
"As we routinely do, the U.S. is sharing critical information related to this attack with the U.N. and our partners and allies," Power's spokeswoman Erin Pelton.
Earlier this week, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon cast doubt on the legality of any military action against Syria that is not in self-defense or lacks Security Council backing.
Power said that sometimes it is necessary to go outside the Security Council when it is deadlocked. She cited the case of the Kosovo war in 1999.
At that time, Washington relied on NATO authorization for its bombing campaign, which forced Serbian troops and militia to pull out of Kosovo.
The United Nations has received at least 14 reports of possible chemical weapons use in Syria. After months of diplomatic wrangling, Sellstrom's team arrived in Syria on Aug. 18 with a 14-day mandate to look for evidence.
The U.N. team was initially going to look into three incidents, but its priority became the Aug. 21 attack. It plans to return to Syria soon to continue its investigation. (Reporting by Louis Charbonneau; Editing by Stacey Joyce)
April 29, 2011
United States slaps sanctions on Syria's intelligence agency and two relatives of President Bashar al-Assad, in Washington's first concrete steps in response to a crackdown on anti-government protests inspired by the "Arab Spring." <em>Pro-Syrian regime protesters gather during a protest against sanctions, in Damascus, Syria, on Friday Dec. 2, 2011. (AP Photo/Bassem Tellawi)</em>
Aug. 18, 2011
For the first time, Obama calls for Assad to step down, saying: "For the sake of the Syrian people, the time has come for President Assad to step aside." Britain, France and Germany also call for Assad to go. <em>U.S. President Barack Obama leaves the Oval Office as he walks to Marine One prior to departing from the South Lawn of the White House in Washington, DC, on August 18, 2011. Obama led a chorus of calls by world leaders for Syria's president to step down, as the United Nations warned his regime could be guilty of crimes against humanity. (SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)</em>
July 19, 2012
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice calls the Russian and Chinese vetoes of a U.N. Security Council resolution on Syria "dangerous and deplorable." <em>Syria's UN Ambassador Bashar Ja'afari, left, thanks a member of the Chinese UN delegation as China's UN Ambassador Li Baodong, second from right, and Russia's UN Ambassador Vitaly Churkin look on, after a Security Council meeting on the situation in Syria at the United Nations in New York, Thursday, July 19, 2012. Russia and China vetoed a United Nations resolution to impose non-military sanctions on Syria. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens)</em>
July 23, 2012
Obama says Assad will be held accountable if he makes the "tragic mistake" of using Syria's stockpile of chemical weapons. <em>This citizen journalism image provided by Shaam News Network SNN, taken on Tuesday, July 24, 2012, shows bodies of Syrians killed during their funeral procession in the suburb of Daraya, Damascus, Syria. (AP Photo/Shaam News Network, SNN)</em>
July 23, 2012
Syria says it could use chemical weapons in response to any "external aggression" but they will not be used in Assad's campaign to crush the uprising in what appeared to be the first time that Syria acknowledges it might possess non-conventional weapons. <em>In this June 3, 2012 file photo released by the Syrian official news agency SANA, Syrian President Bashar Assad delivers a speech at the parliament in Damascus, Syria. (AP Photo/SANA, File)</em>
Aug. 20, 2012
Obama warns Assad that the use or deployment of chemical or biological weapons in his country's conflict would be a "red line" for the United States. "A red line for us is (if) we see a whole bunch of chemical weapons moving around, or being utilized. That would change my calculus," he tells reporters. <em>U.S. President Barack Obama speaks during a press conference in the Briefing Room of the White House Aug. 20, 2012 in Washington, D.C. (BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)</em>
Dec. 3, 2012
Obama warns Assad "the world is watching" and there would be consequences if he uses chemical weapons against Syrian opposition forces. "The use of chemical weapons is and would be totally unacceptable and if you make the tragic mistake of using these weapons, there will be consequences and you will be held accountable," he says in a speech to a gathering of biological, chemical and nuclear weapons proliferation experts. <em>U.S. President Barack Obama greets members of the military and military community after speaking during the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) symposium at the National Defense University in Washington on December 3, 2012. Obama directly warned Syria's President Bashar al-Assad that he would face 'consequences' if he made the 'tragic mistake' of turning chemical weapons on his own people. (SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)</em>
March 19, 2013
Syria's government and rebels accuse each other of launching a deadly chemical attack near the northern city of Aleppo in what would be the first use of such weapons in the two-year conflict. <em>In this Tuesday March 19, 2013 file photo released by the Syrian official news agency SANA, a Syrian victim who suffered an alleged chemical attack at Khan al-Assal village according to SANA, receives treatment by doctors, at a hospital in Aleppo, Syria. (AP Photo/SANA, File)</em>
April 26, 2013
Obama warns Assad that any use of chemical weapons in Syria's civil war would be a "game changer" but remains cautious about endorsing intelligence assessments that such weapons had been deployed. <em>This citizen journalism image taken on Thursday, April 25, 2013 and provided by Edlib News Network, ENN, which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, shows a wounded Syrian man holding his injured son after an air raid on the northwestern town of Saraqeb in the province of Idlib, Syria. (AP Photo/Edlib News Network ENN)</em>
June 8, 2013
Syrian government troops backed by guerrillas from Lebanon's Hezbollah seize the western village of Buwayda to end rebel resistance around the strategically important town of Qusair in a success for Assad forces. The involvement of Iran-sponsored Hezbollah and gains by Syrian forces prompt renewed U.S. debate on arming Assad's opponents. <em>In this citizen journalism image provided by Edlib News Network, ENN, anti-Syrian regime protesters hold a placard with a caricature on it against Hezbollah leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, top left, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, top right, and U.S. President Barack Obama, below, during a demonstration at Kafr Nabil town in Idlib province, northern Syria, Friday, June 7, 2013. (AP Photo/Edlib News Network ENN)</em>
June 13, 2013
After two months of caution about reports Syria used chemical weapons, the White House says U.S. intelligence agencies have concluded that Assad's forces indeed used such weapons, including the nerve agent sarin, on a small scale against the opposition multiple times, killing 100 to 150 people. The White House vows to increase military aid to the Syrian rebels. <em>U.S. President Barack Obama departs the White House on June 16, 2013. Obama heads to Belfast for the G8 summit where he will meet Russia's Vladimir Putin on June 17 for potentially vexatious talks, as both leaders now offer open military backing to rival sides in Syria's civil war. (NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images)</em>
Aug. 21, 2013
Syria's opposition accuses government forces of gassing hundreds of people by firing rockets that released deadly fumes over rebel-held neighborhoods near Damascus, killing men, women and children as they slept. If confirmed, it would be the worst chemical weapons attack in 25 years. <em>This Aug. 21, 2013, file citizen journalism image provided by the Local Committee of Arbeen which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, shows Syrian citizens receiving treatment after an alleged poisonous gas attack fired by regime forces, according to activists in Arbeen town, Damascus, Syria. (AP Photo/Local Committee of Arbeen, File)</em>
Aug. 26, 2013
Secretary of State John Kerry says all nations must stand up for accountability on the "undeniable" use of chemical weapons in Syria, where he said the government maintained custody of such weapons. "Let me be clear: The indiscriminate slaughter of civilians, the killing of women and children and innocent bystanders by chemical weapons is a moral obscenity." <em>An image grab taken from a video uploaded on YouTube by the Local Committee of Arbeen on Aug. 21, 2013 allegedly shows Syrians covering a mass grave containing bodies of victims that Syrian rebels claim were killed in a toxic gas attack by pro-government forces in eastern Ghouta and Zamalka, on the outskirts of Damascus. DSK/AFP/Getty Images)</em>
Aug. 30, 2013
In separate statements, Obama and Kerry harshly condemn the Syrian government, saying the Aug 21. attack cannot go unpunished. Obama says: "We cannot accept a world where women and children and innocent civilians are gassed on a terrible scale," while Kerry calls Assad "a thug and a murderer." But they say any military response by the United States would be measured to avoid open-ended commitments. <em>U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry speaks about the situation in Syria from the Treaty Room at the State Department in Washington, DC on August 30, 2013. (SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)</em>
Aug. 30, 2013
U.S. intelligence agencies publicly disclose some of the information that led to a "high-confidence" assessment that the government of Assad carried out a chemical weapons attack on neighborhoods outside Damascus, causing the deaths of an estimated 1,429 Syrians on Aug. 21. <em>In this August 1, 2013, file photo, posted on the official Facebook page of the Syrian Presidency, purports to show Syrian President Bashar Assad talking with soldiers with during Syrian Arab Army day in Darya, Syria. (AP Photo/Syrian Presidency via Facebook, File)</em>
Aug. 31, 2013
Obama says he had authorized the use of military force to punish Syria, with military assets to carry out a strike in place and ready to move on his order, but he would first seek authorization from Congress. "Today I'm asking Congress to send a message to the world that we are ready to move as one nation," he said. <em>U.S. President Barack Obama speaks about Syria from the Rose Garden at the White House in Washington, DC, on August 31, 2013, with Vice President Joe Biden. Obama said Saturday he will ask the U.S. Congress to authorize military action against Syria, lifting the threat of immediate strikes on President Bashar al-Assad's regime. (JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)</em>