UN Report To Confirm Chemical Weapons Used In Syria Attack As Ban Ki-Moon Accuses Assad Of Crimes Against Humanity

09/13/2013 12:55 pm ET | Updated Nov 13, 2013

By Louis Charbonneau

UNITED NATIONS, Sept 13 (Reuters) - A report by U.N. chemical weapons experts will likely confirm that poison gas was used in an Aug. 21 attack on Damascus suburbs that killed hundreds of people, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said on Friday.

"I believe that the report will be an overwhelming, overwhelming report that chemical weapons (were) used, even though I cannot publicly say at this time before I receive this report," Ban said at a U.N. meeting.

He was referring to an eagerly awaited report by the U.N. expert team led by Ake Sellstrom of Sweden.

U.N. spokesman Farhan Haq said that Ban does not have Sellstrom's report yet. Ban has said previously, however, that he was in contact with Sellstrom and had urged him to expedite his conclusions.

France's U.N. ambassador, Gerard Araud, told reporters Monday is the tentative date for Ban to present Sellstrom's report to the Security Council and other U.N. member states.

Ban also said on Friday that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad "has committed many crimes against humanity," though he did not say whether it was Assad's forces or rebels who used the chemical weapons in the Aug. 21 attack.

While Sellstrom's report will not explicitly pin the blame on either side, diplomats say the facts they gathered could suggest which side in the 2-1/2 year civil war was responsible.

The United States and other Western powers blame forces loyal to Assad for the attack. Russian President Vladimir Putin asserts there is "every reason to believe" it was carried out by rebels.

Two Western diplomats said they strongly expect Sellstrom's report will confirm the U.S. view that sarin gas was used in the attack, which the United States says killed over 1,400 people, many of them children.

The diplomats added they expected the report would indirectly implicate the Syrian government. They declined to elaborate, but the details that the report could include are types of weapons used and trajectories.

Sellstrom's report could become a bargaining chip in talks between Russia and Western powers on conditions for Syria to give up its chemical weapons and the terms of a U.N. Security Council resolution on the matter.

An earlier version of this article mistakenly reported that UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said an upcoming UN report would blame Syrian President Bashar Assad for a chemical weapons attack on August 21 near Damascus. This has been corrected.

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