The Republican Party has been "badly damaged" by the government shutdown, according to an NBC/Wall Street Journal poll released Thursday evening, which finds public opinion souring on the GOP and some of its core positions.

Americans blamed Republicans over President Barack Obama for the shutdown by a margin of 22 percentage points, with 53 percent saying the GOP deserved more blame, and 31 percent saying Obama did. Approval ratings for the Republican Party and the tea party were at 24 percent and 21 percent respectively -- both record lows as measured by NBC/WSJ.

Democrats aren't wildly popular either. Obama's approval rating is a marginally positive 47 percent, while the Democratic Party is at 39 percent, and congressional Democrats are at 36 percent.

A slim plurality of Americans say Obama should negotiate with Republicans, even before they agree to a deal that reopens the government or raises the debt ceiling. The president's approval has remained stable since the shutdown, and there are signs that Democrats may get a boost from the shutdown's political effects.

Voters were 8 points more likely to say they'd prefer a Democratic-controlled Congress over a Republican-controlled Congress, a 5-point shift toward the Democrats since last month. Support for the new health care law, the touchstone of the government shutdown, rose a net 8 points from September, while the belief that government should do more to solve problems was up 8 points from June.

“That is an ideological boomerang,” Bill McInturff, the GOP pollster who conducts the NBC/WSJ poll along with Democratic pollster Peter Hart, told NBC. “As the debate has been going on, if there is a break, there is a break against the Republican position.”

The poll found that 42 percent think the economy will worsen over the next year, nearly doubling since September, and nearly eight in 10 think the country is on the wrong track. The number who think the country is on the right track has fallen by half since September.

WSJ/NBC pollsters said the survey showed some of the most dramatic shifts they had seen in decades in public attitudes toward the well-being of the country, the direction of the economy and wider political sentiment, according to the Journal.

"What is stunning about these results is just how hard and how quickly public attitudes have landed on the shutdown," said Hart, a Democratic pollster, according to the Journal. He said the poll showed "a broad disgust for the political system."

The NBC/WSJ's findings are largely in line with other recent polling, but with some differences. A Gallup survey released Wednesday found the Republicans' favorable rating the lowest for either party since 1992. While an AP-GfK poll found the president, as well as Congress, taking a serious approval hit, other surveys found Obama's approval either stable or down by 1 or 2 percentage points.

Polls on who's to blame for the shutdown have generally shown Republicans being faulted most, but the margin varies, with some surveys last week showing the blame more evenly distributed.

The NBC/WSJ poll surveyed 800 adults by phone from Oct. 7 to Oct. 9.

This article has been updated to include information from the poll and a pollster's comments about the number of people who think the country is on the wrong track.

Also on HuffPost:

Loading Slideshow...
  • John Boehner

    WASHINGTON, DC - OCTOBER 09: House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) walks through Statuary Hall at the U.S. Capitol, October 9, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    Speaker of the House John Boehner, R-Ohio, with House House GOP leaders, speaks with reporters following a Republican strategy session, at the Capitol in Washington, Tuesday, Oct. 15, 2013. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. House Speaker John Boehner arrives at the Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., on October 16, 2013. (JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner, Eric Cantor

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio, right, accompanied by House Majority Leader Eric Cantor of Va., walks to a news conference on the ongoing budget battle, Thursday, Oct. 10, 2013, on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio listens during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Oct. 10, 2013, following a meeting with House Republicans. Boehner said Republicans will advance legislation to temporarily extend the government's ability to borrow to meet its obligations. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. House Speaker John Boehner, R-OH, arrives for a press conference at the US Capitol in Washington, D.C. on October 10, 2013. (MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio, right, accompanied by House Majority Leader Eric Cantor of Va., walks to a news conference on the ongoing budget battle, Thursday, Oct. 10, 2013, on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio, joined by fellow Republicans, speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Oct. 10, 2013, following a closed-door GOP meeting, to announce that House Republicans will advance legislation to temporarily extend the government's ability to borrow money to meet its financial obligations. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio, flanked by Rep. Jeb Hensarling, R-Texas, left, and House Majority Whip Kevin McCarthy of Calif., speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Oct. 10, 2013, following a closed-door GOP meeting, to announce that House Republicans will advance legislation to temporarily extend the government's ability to borrow money to meet its financial obligations. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio listens during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Oct. 10, 2013, after a closed-door GOP meeting to announce that House Republicans will advance legislation to temporarily extend the government's ability to borrow money to meet its financial obligations. Boehner said the measure would advance if President Barack Obama agrees to negotiate over reopening the government and to "start to deal with America's pressing problems." The federal government remains partially shut down for a 10th day and faces a first-ever default between Oct. 17 and the end of the month. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    Speaker of the House Rep. John Boehner, R-Ohio, speaks during a news conference on the ongoing budget battle outside his office on Capitol Hill on Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2013 in Washington. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • John Boehner

    Speaker of the House Rep. John Boehner, R-Ohio, pauses during a news conference on the ongoing budget battle outside his office on Capitol Hill on Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2013 in Washington. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • John Boehner

    Speaker of the House John Boehner, R-Ohio, makes a statement outside his office to respond to President Barack Obama, Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2013, at the Capitol in Washington. President Barack Obama says he told House Speaker John Boehner he’s willing to negotiate with Republicans on their priorities, but not under the threat of “economic chaos.” (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio pauses during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2013, as the partial government shutdown enters its second week with no end in sight. Democrats controlling the Senate plan to move quickly toward a vote to allow the government to borrow more money, challenging Republicans to a filibuster showdown as the time remaining to stop a first-ever default on U.S. obligations ticks by. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) participates in a news conference after a meeting with House Republicans at the U.S. Capitol, October 8, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) speaks during a news conference after a meeting with House Republicans at the U.S. Capitol, October 8, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio arrives for a House Republican conference meeting on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2013. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio prepares leave following a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2013, as the partial government shutdown enters its second week with no end in sight. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    Speaker of the House John Boehner (R-OH) leaves a meeting of the House Republican caucus at the U.S. Capitol October 8, 2013 in Washington, D.C. The U.S. government shutdown is entering its eighth day as the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives remain gridlocked on funding the federal government. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) arrives for work at the U.S. Capitol, October 7, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) arrives for work at the U.S. Capitol, October 7, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) arrives for work at the U.S. Capitol, October 7, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, Monday, Oct. 7, 2013. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio walks to a Republican strategy session on Capitol Hill in Washington, Friday, Oct. 4, 2013. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio walks to a Republican strategy session on Capitol Hill in Washington, Friday, Oct. 4, 2013. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio, demands that the White House and congressional Democrats negotiate with congressional Republicans about ways to re-open the government and address criticisms of the nation’s new health care law, Friday, Oct. 4, 2013, during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. Speaker of the House John Boehner (R-OH) walks to the House floor for a vote on legislation to partially fund some operations of the federal government October 3, 2013 in Washington, D.C. Congressional Democrats and Republicans remain gridlocked on funding appropriations for the federal government as the shutdown enters its third day. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    WASHINGTON, DC - OCTOBER 03: U.S. Speaker of the House John Boehner (R-OH) walks to the House floor for a vote on legislation to partially fund some operations of the federal government October 3, 2013 in Washington, D.C. Congressional Democrats and Republicans remain gridlocked on funding appropriations for the federal government as the shutdown enters its third day. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. Speaker of the House Rep. John Boehner (R-OH) walks to the House Chamber for a vote October 3, 2013 on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. The House has passed the Pay Our Guard and Reserve spending bill with a vote of 265 to 160. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. Speaker of the House John Boehner speaks to the media after a meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House in Washington, D.C., October 2, 2013, on the second day of the government shutdown. (SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. Speaker of the House Rep. John Boehner (R-OH) speaks to the media after a meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama about the government shutdown on October 2, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. Speaker of the House John Boehner speaks to the media following a meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House in Washington, D.C., October 2, 2013, on the second day of the government shutdown. (SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. Speaker of the House Rep. John Boehner (R-OH) leaves the White House after a meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, and House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi about the government shutdown on October 2, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • John Boehner

    U.S. Speaker of the House John Boehner (C) speaks to the media following a meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House in Washington, D.C., October 2, 2013, on the second day of the government shutdown. (JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio walks to a House Republican Conference meeting to discuss the ongoing budget fight, Monday, Sept. 30, 2013, on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • Speaker of the House John Boehner, R- Ohio, pauses during a news conference after a House Republican Conference meeting about the ongoing budget fight on Capitol Hill on Monday, Sept. 30, 2013 in Washington. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • U.S. House Speaker John Boehner speaks to the press at the US Capitol in Washington on October 1, 2013. The White House budget director late September 30, 2013 ordered federal agencies to begin closing down after Congress failed to pass a budget to avert a government shutdown. (NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Speaker of the House John Boehner, R-Ohio, with House GOP leaders, speaks briefly to reporters, just after 1am, Tuesday morning, Oct. 1, 2013. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • U.S. House Speaker John Boehner speaks to the press at the US Capitol in Washington on October 1, 2013. The White House budget director late September 30, 2013 ordered federal agencies to begin closing down after Congress failed to pass a budget to avert a government shutdown. (NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Speaker of the House John Boehner, R- Ohio, pauses during a news conference after a House Republican Conference meeting about the ongoing budget fight on Capitol Hill on Monday, Sept. 30, 2013 in Washington. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • U.S. Speaker of the House John Boehner listens to House Republican colleagues speak at a press conference about the budget at the U.S. Capitol September 26, 2013 in Washington, DC. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • Speaker of the House John Boehner, R-Ohio, talks to reporters about the looming deadline to fund the government and the fight among House Republicans, on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Sept. 19, 2013. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio pauses during news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Sept. 12, 2013, after meeting with congressional leaders of both parties to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • FILE - In this Aug. 1, 2013 file photo, House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio speaks during a news conference about budget negotiations on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)

  • FILE - In this Aug. 1, 2013, file photo House Speaker, Republican John Boehner of Ohio, takes questions from reporters at a Capitol Hill news conference on budget negotiations as Congress prepares to leave Washington for a five-week recess. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)

  • FILE - In this Aug. 1, 2013 file photo, House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington about the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)

  • House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio pauses as he takes reporters' questions on NSA leaker Edward Snowden, the economy, and the unfinished work of the House in passing a spending bill, as Congress prepares to leave for a five-week recess, Thursday, Aug. 1, 2013 during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio gestures during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Aug. 1, 2013 that included talk about budget negotiations. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)