04/09/2015 08:36 am ET | Updated Apr 09, 2015

The Bottom Line: 'Voices In The Night' By Steven Millhauser


The towns in Steven Millhauser’s stories are haunted. The characters -- nearly all of them -- are frenzied. They see phantoms, they fixate on surreal happenings, they hear voices in the night. But Millhauser isn’t a horror writer; his latest collection elegantly toes the line between the real and the surreal, and many of the stories examine how we attempt to collectively explain the unexplainable.

In “Phantoms,” the people of a small, relatively affluent suburban city have written a report on a phenomenon unique to their home. From childhood to adulthood, they occasionally spot otherworldly humanoids, who’ll make lingering eye contact with the viewer before vanishing. The story is broken down by subheadings -- “Explanation #1,” “Case Study #2,” “Our Children” -- like a history book or legal document using matter-of-fact language to give credence to a dubious occurrence. Though the phantom sightings resemble the childhood experience of having an imaginary friend, or the adult experience of a benign hallucination (William James called it “the sense of presence”), the town places them at the center of its identity, using them as the subjects of fables and conversations about child-rearing. By the end of the story, a dozen anecdotal cases and theories have been considered, but the town is no closer to understanding the objective truth behind the phantoms. The reader, however, has been given a bird’s eye view of how the citizens describe themselves, how they cope with fear, and how they wish to be remembered.

Similarly, in the more macabre, “A Report on Our Recent Troubles,” a town collectively submits an investigation about a rash of increasingly theatrical suicide attempts to “the Committee.” It writes, “To single out a particular moment is to distort the record, for it suggests a clear history of cause and effect that can only betray our sense of what really happened.” Here, Millhauser is calling attention to the value of storytelling, as opposed to cut-and-dry fact-gathering, as a means of conveying truth. The letter writers are baffled by upstanding citizens' will to self-destruct, and propose a rather dark solution: instating inhuman practices such as human sacrifices, to rectify the listlessness of their pleasant lifestyle. As a resident of Saratoga Springs, New York, Millhauser has been primed to write about the goings-on of a quiet town, and the fears and wants of its residents.

This thread is woven throughout the collection, even into more whimsical, fantastical stories. In “American Tall Tale,” the lesser-known story of Paul Bunyan’s “do-nothing dreamer” brother is comically shared, suggesting our national tendency to cherish and remember fables of bravery over, say, those of ambitionless creativity. In “Mermaid Fever,” a sea-nymph washed ashore inspires fishy fashion trends, and other peculiar behaviors in an otherwise painfully normal coastal town. When deciding where to house the deceased mermaid, the townspeople settle on the Historical Society -- where other incomprehensible ephemera gathers dust.

Like Fox Mulder, or even Wes Anderson, Millhauser is a delightfully playful truth-seeker who uses factual language not as a definitive descriptior, but as a jumping-off point for fuller understanding.

The Bottom Line:
Millhauser's latest collection expertly toes the line between the real and surreal -- and thoughtfully examines how we talk about, and document, the latter.

Who wrote it?
Steven Millhauser is the recipient of the Pulitzer Prize and the Story Prize. He teaches at Skidmore College.

Who will read it?
Those interested in bizarre small town stories, paranormal plot lines, and pithy language. Also, fans of Kelly Link and Karen Russell.

Opening lines:
"I should have said no to the stranger at the door, with his skinny throat and his black sample case that pulled him a little to the side, so that one of his jacket cuffs was higher than the other, a polite no would have done the trick, no thanks, I'm afraid not, not today, then the closing of the door and the heavy click of the latch, but I'd seen the lines of dirt in the black shoe-creases, the worn-down heels, the shine on the jacket sleeves, the glint of desperation in his eyes."

Notable passage:
"In truth, legs were disappearing from the women of our town. At the beach there were fishtails as far as you could see; on our streets and in our yards, women of all ages wore long tapered skirts that concealed the legs and feet. In the bedrooms of every neighborhood, mermaid lingerie was all the rage. It so happened that a number of women, angered by male demands that they resemble mermaids, but at the same time stirred by feelings of kinship with the visitor they obsessively imagined, took a stand of their own: the male lower body was declared to be inferior to the lower fishbody, smooth and powerful and lithe."

Voices in the Night
by Steven Millhauser
Knopf, $25.95
Publishes April 14, 2015

The Bottom Line is a weekly review combining plot description and analysis with fun tidbits about the book.


  • 1 Struwwelpeter
    The original scary book for children, Struwwelpeter was one of the first books written explicitly for kids -- and it didn’t exactly coddle them. The book consists of cautionary tales for children, who are warned that if they suck their thumbs, a “great tall tailor” will chop said thumbs off with giant scissors. Yikes.
  • 2 Where the Wild Things Are
    To an adult, this classic picture book’s gorgeous illustrations are familiar and comforting -- but as a toddler, the thought of going to bed and finding oneself transported to a wild jungle full of vicious monsters was pretty scary. It may have even merited a few extra glances under the bed after lights-out. Thank goodness Maurice Sendak returns little Max safely to a hot dinner and a warm bed at the end!
  • 3 The Velveteen Rabbit
    The possibility that your toys may be alive is a particularly eek-inducing proposition for kids. They spend so much time with their favorite playthings, manhandling, drooling on, and sometimes mutilating them. Like Toy Story, The Velveteen Rabbit terrifyingly posits that kids who get rid of toys, or play with them … creatively... are actually brutalizing innocent and loving companions. Though the Velveteen Rabbit is ultimately saved from destruction, what kid isn’t left wondering what happened to the scarlet-fever-infected toys that didn’t earn an escape from the flames?
  • 4 Grimms’ Fairy Tales
    This classic compilation collected folklore and fairy tales into a volume that purported to be for children -- but these stories hardly resemble the sanitized fairy tales of Disney movies. The Grimms’ version of "Cinderella" describes the evil stepsisters cutting off parts of their feet to try to fit into the glass slipper -- only to have their tactic given away by all the blood. And "Snow White"? Let’s just say this take involves attempted cannibalism.
  • 5 Goosebumps
    There are 62 books in the original Goosebumps series by R.L. Stine. But it would feel wrong to pick just one. Whether Stine was spooking us with a main character who turned out to have been a ghost without knowing it the whole time, or squicking us out with gross egg monsters from Mars, he knew how to give millions of kids the serious creeps.
  • 6 The Witches
    Roald Dahl can always be counted on for some creepy plot twists. But it was The Witches that filled my young heart with the purest horror. When our hero is transformed into a talking mouse, it turns out there’s no easy fix. Even after the witches have been defeated, he remains doomed to live out his (now much fewer) days as a mouse. This fatalistic ending seemed like a betrayal of all that I had come to expect from children’s reading, though his cheery, glass-half-full view on the situation may be a good lesson for neurotic readers.
  • 7 Scary Stories to Tell in the Dark
    Alvin Schwartz’s folk tales and urban legends, adapted for kids to bone-chilling effect, provide nonstop eerie thrills. Each story seems to offer the perfect dose of horror, leaving kids jumpy enough to hide under the covers, but not too scared to fall asleep. And with so many frights per books, there’s bound to be one that prods a kid's darkest fear -- and sticks in her memory for years.
  • 8 Harry Potter
    Sure, Harry Potter is fantasy, and the first book describes a world that seems like a delightful escape from Muggle reality. But the rapid intrusion of horrific elements like Dementors, giant snakes, and killing curses makes the series a very dark and threatening space for the young readers who have always made up its broadest and most passionate fanbase.
  • 9 A Wrinkle in Time
    Madeleine L’Engle’s brilliant young adult novel pits a teenager and her young brother against the forces of evil. The maturity of the theme is so marked that, as L’Engle later admitted, publishers wondered whether it was really a children’s book at all. But generations of kids have proven that they’re eager to confront the possibility of a tangible, evil force in the universe. Despite the eerie scenes of mind control and suffering that fill the book, it’s remained a perpetual favorite among young readers since its publication in 1962.