06/22/2015 08:30 am ET | Updated Jun 22, 2015

52 Times Western Art History Was Hella Body Positive (NSFW)

This week, we simultaneously laughed and cringed reading Maddie Howard's xoJane essay, recounting her experience sleeping with an unworthy OKCupid D-bag who used art history to body shame her.

Specifically, the first words out of his mouth on the date were, "You’re a little more Rubensian than I expected," referring to the Flemish Baroque painter's penchant for voluptuous physiques. "All of those 'broadening' elective Art History credits suddenly came in handy, because I knew immediately that he was being an asshole," Howard wrote.

Yup, pretty much.


Peter Paul Rubens, "The Three Graces," 1635

While Howard's nightmarish date awakened many emotions within us -- fury, exasperation, disgust, a million eye rolls -- it also illuminated the surprisingly body-positive nature of Western art history.

From Ruben's fleshy babes to Courbet's close-up crotch shot, Matisse's dancing nudes to Klimt's masturbating lady in culottes, the archives of artists past reveal a noteworthy degree of diversity and female agency. Robust forms, unabashed nudity, body hair -- we're sad to say it seems the Baroque period of the 17th century promotes healthier body ideals than the present day.

Of course, giant caveat: the majority of the images below are paintings of nude white women created by dead white men. With that drawback in mind, the images do still offer healthier beauty norms than the average American Apparel ad, proving there's no one, ideal body type out there.

On that note, we present 52 times Western art history was hella body positive. Feel free to replace any magazine cutouts on your walls with these classic beauties. They don't give any f*cks about counting calories and are timeless goddesses nonetheless. Be warned, there are stunning nudes below.

  • Gustave Courbet, "The Hammock," 1844
  • Gustave Courbet, "Nude Woman with a Dog," 1861
  • Gustave Courbet, "Woman with White Stockings," 1861
  • Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, "Le Bain Turc," 1862
  • Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, "Odalisque with Slave," 1842
  • Peter Paul Rubens, "Adam and Eve," 1628-1629
  • Peter Paul Rubens, "Venus at a Mirror," 1613-1614
  • Peter Paul Rubens, "Venus and Adonis," first half of 17th century
  • Peter Paul Rubens, "Venus, Mars and Cupid," early to mid-1630s
  • Peter Paul Rubens, "The Judgement of Paris," c.1606
  • Raphael, "Study for the Three Graces," 1518
  • Raphael, "Portrait de la Fornarina," 1518
  • Titian, "Venus and an Organist and a Little Dog," 1550
  • Titian, "Danae," 1545-1546
  • Titian, "Diana e Atteone," 1556-1559
  • Titian, "Violante," 1515
  • Gustave Courbet, "The Origin of the World," 1866
  • Paul Gauguin, "Study of a Nude," 1880
  • Édouard Manet, "Luncheon on the Grass," 1863
  • Edgar Degas, "Woman Combing Her Hair," 1885
  • Edgar Degas, "Kniende Frau," 1884
  • Edgar Degas, "After the Bath, Woman Drying Herself," c. 1884–1886,
  • © Lucian Freud. Image: Courtesy Lucian Freud Archive
    Lucian Freud, "Standing by the Rags," 1988-9
  • Egon Schiele, "Sitting Girl," 1917
  • William-Adolphe Bouguereau, "The Wave," 1896
  • William-Adolphe Bouguereau, "The Birth of Venus," 1879
  • William-Adolphe Bouguereau, "Bather," 1864
  • Gustave Courbet, "Femme Nue Couchée," 1862
  • Gustave Courbet, "Young Bather," 1866
  • William-Adolphe Bouguereau, "Les Deux Baigneuses," 1884


Art History's Most Erotic Artworks