Sometimes when I watch my child crumple into a screeching, sobbing mess at my feet, all I hear in my head is, You have got to be kidding me! I don't have time for this! I can't feel his pain, I can't understand his mind and I can't find empathy for him.
The thing is, though, I know how to be empathetic -- as a psychotherapist and parenting educator, I teach others how to do it. Empathy is a parenting cornerstone, it provides the foundation for emotional development in children. Some days, even though I know how to do it, it takes a long time for my own instructions to turn into action. I have stared at my melting-down children and glazed over, momentarily not even caring how they felt.
Being more empathetic is one of my parenting and personal goals this year, so I started digging more deeply into this concept to understand how to put empathy into action.
Empathy is when a person accurately communicates that they see another's intentions and emotional state. It means watching our child's frustration and focusing on how life feels in that little child's body, while putting our own anger and agenda into the background.
Why can being empathetic be so hard?
It is SO hard to understand another's point of view or distress when we feel exhausted. I remember a sweet childless 20-year-old woman telling me how incredibly exhausted she was after I had spent a night mostly awake taking care of my baby and toddler. I felt like punching her - -and I'm not a violent person!
We feel overwhelmed by our stressors.
When financial, work, relationship or physical stress sets in, we often cannot see past our own challenges.
We get caught in an avalanche of anger.
When we are about to snap, it is very hard to feel empathy for others.
We feel trapped and unable to get away.
Anyone who has experienced feeling trapped or abandoned can get quite triggered by a screaming child. I have heard many moms say they go numb and want to walk out the front door. One mom said it's like getting a puppy and suddenly realizing what you've got yourself into, except unlike a puppy, you can't give the child back.
We want to avoid the feelings another is experiencing.
Some parents might know exactly what their child is feeling, but just don't want to feel or understand that fear or sadness.
We feel annoyed or impatient.
When we have something on our mind, such as a specific task to complete, we can get preoccupied with not getting that task done and not be able to feel another's distress.
We lack "affect management skills."
If a person doesn't actually know how to tap into the feelings of another and what to do about those feelings, empathy can be elusive. Affect management means being able to process and allow big feelings to move through us without being afraid of them.
What can parents do to increase their empathy?
I believe the first step to being able to deeply connect with the emotions of another is to be able to shed our own agendas, defenses, exhaustion and triggers. We need to clear the screen to see another. The thing a screaming, overwhelmed child needs most is for an adult they feel close with to stop talking, open her arms and just be there until the screams subside.
When our child is losing it and we are about to, also, it's a great idea to remember that when we are at the end of our parenting rope, our children feel the same way, except they don't have tools to manage those intense feelings yet.
This is what I recommend to increase empathy when doing so is hard:
Stay in charge of self-talk by using the same mantra each time empathy is needed and emotions flare. When my child is freaking out, before I start to feel sorry for myself or allow anger to take over, I say, "STOP!" Then I say, "This is not about you" followed with, "On your knees, sister." (When I drop to my knees to be at eye level near my overwhelmed child, for some reason an instant connection happens and my irrational self-talk loses)
Take control of exhaustion and a busy life.
I made big changes to create space for myself. I did this by making a schedule that included time for rest and fun. I also stopped trying to cram 15 things into a block of alone time and instead tried for 10. I also let go of some tasks that I really wanted to do, but weren't essential. I worked through the book From Frazzled to Focused, by Rivka Caroline, to adjust my systems and get the word "busy" out of my life. Another excellent book with suggestions to help in this realm is Hands Free Mama, by Rachel Macy Stafford.
Don't take another's struggles, meltdowns, or freak-outs personally.
Young children are not attacking you; they just don't have the language or ability to communicate their intense emotions (yet). If your buttons are getting pushed, it is your responsibility to address that, not your child's.
Take charge of intense emotions, do not let them take charge of you.
This is a process that requires learning skills and practice. I have some suggestions on how to do that in this article.
And lastly, if any of the above feels impossible, it is time for some help. I continually count on my colleagues, trusted friends, husband and sister to keep an even keel. If you have had traumatic events and difficult challenges in your life, I encourage you to seek support and learn skills that will be helpful for you and your family.
I invite you over to my facebook page, where I continually post free parenting help/ resources and host wonderful conversations with parents.