Following our spotlight of independent literary presses, here is a special feature devoted to the most exciting university presses in the country.
For whatever shortsighted reasons, newspapers and mainstream media in general give short shrift to the vast output of our great university presses. This is especially sad in an era when the university presses are often the ones that provide the most thoughtful analyses of civil liberties, constitutional law, foreign and domestic policy, trade and finance, globalization, immigration and citizenship, and other areas where the rapidity of events in recent years has made it difficult to step back and put matters into perspective. The best among the university presses combine profound scholarship with accessible language, to present books that are both of the moment and can claim a place in the canon.
Few trade publishers in America can match the University Press of Kansas's output of distinguished political books. Or Oxford, Harvard, Yale, and Princeton University Press's books on literary criticism. Or New York University Press's urgency in delivering compelling books on civil liberties and constitutional issues. Or MIT Press and Yale University Press's books on art and architecture. The trade publishers get the reviews and the attention, but one often has to look to the university presses for books of greater substance and authority. If trade publishers give us a provisional draft of history, university presses give us the more authoritative version.
Often their regional focus merges with discovering new voices, such as in Wayne State University Press's mission to find Michigan literary writers and to give them a unique platform, or the University of Nebraska's similar goal with respect to that region. The university presses specialize in subjects such as film criticism (the University of Illinois Press and the University of Chicago Press) or literary theory (Columbia University Press) or literature in translation (Slavic literature at Northwestern University Press) for which the trade publishers have neither the inclination nor the resources. Or consider the University of Arizona press's indispensable focus on the border--in a time of racism and anti-immigrant feeling, where else can one find such compelling books about the proliferating meanings of the border?
The misimpression should be removed: university presses do not publish boring or excessively weighty or arcane books. They may not be into showmanship and high-stakes publicity maneuvers, but their steady, unrelenting focus on particular subject areas creates vast bodies of new knowledge that the mainstream reviewing community makes a great mistake in ignoring.
In their comments to the Huffington Post, representatives of these presses were asked to discuss the transition to digital publishing in particular, and you can see that as a group they are addressing the challenge head-on.
There are books here for everyone's taste. Check out what these presses have to offer. You'll often discover history, depth, seriousness, charm, and beautiful design--all at once. And tell us your favorite university presses and what you like about them!
New York University Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Eric Zinner, Assistant Director and Editor-in-Chief, tells the Huffington Post: "NYU Press begins with the conviction that scholarship matters, greatly, and can effect significant change. We see our mission as making common cause with the best and the brightest, the great and the good of academe in order to aid in the transformation of the intellectual and cultural landscape. While our first responsibility is disseminating work throughout the academy itself, we are committed to helping produce knowledge that will resonate with a broader public. We maintain that the university is the public square for intellectual debate, and we want NYU Press to be its soapbox, offering original thinkers a forum for the written word. We champion rigorous, innovative, provocative work. We champion great ideas. The Press publishes across a broad swath of the humanities and social sciences; we're particularly interested in the places where different disciplines and methods intersect, producing compelling approaches to a set of issues and themes shared across all of our fields, such as race and ethnicity, gender and sexuality, visual culture, children and youth, and disability. We love to highlight how, say, the methods of legal studies are applied not just in law proper, but also in history, literary studies, or psychology." There are few subjects more important today than civil liberties in the age of terror, and NYU Press takes a backseat to no one in this field of study. Forthcoming titles of particular interest include Marjorie Cohn's The United States and Torture: Interrogation, Incarceration, and Abuse; Jonathan Hafetz's Habeas Corpus After 9/11; Austin Sarat and Nasser Hussain's When Governments Break the Law: The Rule of Law and the Prosecution of the Bush Administration; David Garland et al.'s America's Death Penalty: Between Past and Present; Jonathan M. Metzl and Anna Kirkland's Against Health: How Health Became the New Morality; and Michael Perelman's The Invisible Handcuffs of Capitalism: How Market Tyranny Stifles the Economy by Stunting Workers.
Wayne State University Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Jane Hoehner, Director, says: "Wayne State University Press is Detroit's oldest and largest nonprofit publisher. Located in Detroit's up-and-coming Midtown neighborhood, WSU Press is committed to publishing works that serve and engage our diverse urban community, most notably through our Painted Turtle imprint, Great Lakes Books Series, and Made in Michigan Writers Series. The Press focuses on areas that are underserved by the trade publishing industry, making award-winning works of short fiction, poetry, social history, and on local issues available to the community. The Press also specializes in academic books in the areas of Jewish Studies, African-American Studies, Film & Television Studies, Citizenship Studies, and Fairytale and Folklore Studies." Acquisitions Editor Annie L. Martin says: "A unique feature is the people in our office. Everyone honestly cares about each and every one of our books. We have an open door policy at our offices, both literally and figuratively, and that philosophy applies to our authors as well. It's really nice to work in that environment and our authors appreciate it too." Fall titles of particular interest include, from the Made in Michigan Writers Series, Anne-Marie Oomen's An American Map and Michael Delp's As If We Were Prey; from their Film and Television Studies series, Vicki Callahan's Reclaiming the Archive: Feminism and Film History; Edward Bruce Bynum's Chronicles of a Pig and Other Delusions; John Gallagher's Reimagining Detroit: Opportunities for Redefining an American City; and Bill Harris's Birth of a Notion: Or the Half Ain't Never Been Told.
Oxford University Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Casper Grathwohl, vice president, tells the Huffington Post: "One of the key elements in the transition of scholarly publishing from print to digital is scale and OUP is therefore in a unique position among university presses. We are in the middle of our transition to digital and the momentum we've managed to generate has been very encouraging, both in the amount of our content we are able to offer in new electronic research environments as well as the evolution of the internal systems and architecture needed to support it. As a mission-based publisher, our electronic publishing is also marked by the launch of online programs that help define the market for other mission-based academic publishers." New titles of significant interest include John McMillian's Smoking Typewriters: The Sixties Underground Press and the Rise of Alternative Media in America; Dana Allin and Steven Simon's The Sixth Crisis: Iran, Israel, America, and the Rumors of War; Benjamin Ross and Steven Amter's The Polluters: The Making of Our Chemically Altered Environment; Debra Satz's Why Some Things Should Not Be For Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets; Kate Kenski, Bruce W. Hardy and Kathleen Hall Jamieson's The Obama Victory: How Media, Money, and Message Shaped the 2008 Election; John Ehrenberg, J. Patrice McSherry et al.'s The Iraq Papers (patterned after The Pentagon Papers); and Robert Paarlberg's Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know.
University of Arizona Press " width="52" height="52"/>
Kathryn R. Conrad, interim director, tells us: "The first book published by the University of Arizona Press was A Pima Remembers, by George Webb. This marked the beginning of a fifty year commitment to publishing Indigenous voices from around the world. Over the years, we've broadened that focus to include Latino voices and, in recent years, a strong commitment to examining critical issues along the U.S.--Mexico border. Our location in the Sonoran Desert has also given us a keen interest in conservation and environmental issues. We think books in these subject areas will continue to play a vital role in community and national dialog." Allyson Carter, Editor-in-Chief, tells us: "We're excited about forthcoming electronic publishing endeavors. Along with five other presses, we are launching the Archaeology of the Americas Digital Monograph Initiative. Through a joint planning grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, we will explore new forms for the scholarly monograph. We look forward to developing electronic books that include, not only text, but extensive data, images, audio, and video that is not available in traditional books." Notable new titles include Carmen Gimenez's Smith's Bring Down the Little Birds; Rigoberto Gonzalez's Camino del Sol: Fifteen Years of Latina and Latino Writing; Frances Payne Adler's Fire and Ink: An Anthology of Social Action Writing; and Kathryn Ferguson's Crossing with the Virgin: Stories from the Migrant Trail.
Yale University Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Yale University Press is the go-to place for books on art and architecture. Since 1919, the press has published the Yale Series of Younger Poets, whose winners have included Robert Hass, John Hollander, W. S. Merwin, Muriel Rukeyser, Adrienne Rich, James Tate, and Margaret Walker. Yale's endowed lecture series have yielded major books by John Dewey, Benjamin Cardozo, Henry Steel Commager, Carl Becker, and Erich Fromm. David Reisman's The Lonely Crowd was a major book published at mid-century. Feminist studies became a major focus in the last decades of the twentieth century, especially with Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar's The Madwoman in the Attic. John Donatich, director, inaugurated at the time of the press's recent centennial a series called the Margellos World Republic of Letters, translating neglected masterpieces of fiction and poetry. Donatich also wrote then that "our digital strategy has two approaches: the first is a continued digitization of our 'legacy content' (the books in our backlist) and its dissemination through a diverse series of media outlets, and the second is the creation of our own digital publishing platform to host a new electronic publishing imprint for the Press." Outstanding new titles include Gary Clyde Hufbauer and Kati Suominen's Globalization at Risk, Greg Lastowka's Virtual Justice: The New Laws of Online Worlds; Khaled Mattawa's translation of Adonis's Selected Poems; Adam Bradley and Andrew Dubois's The Anthology of Rap; Lev Loseff's Joseph Brodsky: A Literary Life; Anne Applebaum's Gulag Voices: An Anthology; Roger Nichols's Ravel: A Life; David Mikic's Who Was Jacques Derrida: An Intellectual Biography; Jane Alison's The Surreal House; Adrian E. Waiboer's Gabriel Metsu; and Isabel Schulz's Kurt Schiwtters: Color and Collage.
University of Minnesota Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Emily Hamilton, Marketing Director, says: "The University of Minnesota Press is theory, cultural critique, race and gender, activism and progressive politics, global urbanism, social history... From the Japanese popular culture phenomenon of otaku to the right to be out in America's public schools, our interdisciplinary ingredients brew what we hope is a strong tea. One that wakes you up for lively conversation and debate. We believe in books--the immersive process of researching, writing, reading, and engaging critically with the world--no matter what form they take. So do our many authors and readers. The transition to digital is not as much a death of the book as an evolution. Which is something else, incidentally, in which we believe. Its challenges are basically of imagination, change, and growth, all essential parts of progress." Exciting new titles include Reinhold Martin's Utopia's Ghost: Architecture and Postmodernism, Again; Peter Y. Paik's From Utopia to Apocalypse: Science Fiction and the Politics of Catastrophe; Derek Jarman's Kicking the Pricks; Carlo Galli's Political Spaces and Global War; Rachel Schurman and William A. Monro's Fighting for the Future of Food: Activists Versus Agribusiness in the Struggle over Biotechnology; Jessica Ellen Sewell's Women and the Everyday City: Public Space in San Francisco, 1890-1915; Dennis R. Judd and Dick Simpson's The City Revisited: Urban Theory from Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York; Jane Chi Hyun Park's Yellow Future: Oriental Style in Hollywood Cinema; and Paul Apostolidis's Breaks in the Chain: What Immigrant Workers Can Teach America About Democracy.
Princeton University Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Peter J. Dougherty, director, tells the Huffington Post: "Recent Princeton bestsellers such as Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff's This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly, George Akerlof and Robert Shiller's Animal Spirits, and Raghuram Rajan's Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy attest to the Press's mission of publishing the work of the finest scholars for broadly international and cross-disciplinary audiences. While our last few lists have been notably strong in economics, we expect similar performance from a different--and broader--array of fields this fall. Leading this list will be the Haitian novelist Edwidge Danticat's reflection on art and exile, Create Dangerously, accompanied by Hill Lepore's The Whites of Their Eyes: The Tea Party's Revolution and the Battle Over American History, Leonard Barkan's extraordinary exploration of the interplay of words and images in Michelangelo: A Life on Paper, and Jeffrey Stout's searching call to action, Blessed Are the Organized: Grassroots Democracy in America. This fall also brings John Quiggin's thought-provoking Zombie Economics: How Dead Ideas Still Walk Among Us. We are maintaining a flexible position in anticipation of greater digital growth, while working hard to publish and sell well-produced print editions." I would add C. K. Williams's On Whitman, James T. Kloppenberg's Reading Obama: Dreams, Hope, and the American Political Tradition; Martha C. Nussbaum's Not for Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities; and Richard Wolin's The Wind from the East: French Intellectuals, the Cultural Revolution, and the Legacy of the 1960s.
Harvard University Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Lisa LaPoint, senior publicist, tells us: "Harvard University Press's goal is to be a worldwide publisher of works of the highest quality and enduring value, consistent with the standards and values of one of the world's greatest universities. In the era of digital publishing, our vision is to make our scholarly materials available in a full range of digital formats--those that currently exist and those that will be developed in the future--to reach a world-wide community of readers. We have begun working on digitizing current and future Loeb Classical Library content, creating a new digital product to offer with the print edition. With the Fall 2010 list, HUP continues its tradition of publishing exciting and thought-provoking works, including Ronald Dworkin's Justice for Hedgehogs, Orhan Pamuk's The Naive and the Sentimental Novelist, Samuel Moyn's The Last Utopia: Human rights in History, and David Bindman and Henry Louis Gates, Jr.'s The Image of the Black in Western Art."
University of Illinois Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Willis Regier, Director, says: "Now in its 92nd year, the University of Illinois Press remains committed to publishing scholarship that connects directly to public life, especially as both spheres become increasingly digitally focused. New this fall--in both print and digital editions--are Hands on the Freedom Plow, a women's oral history of the Civil Rights Movement, and vibrant studies of sacred steel guitar, girls' history and culture, and big-time college athletic reform." Some of these titles are as follows: John Raeburn, ed., Ben Shahn's American Scene: Photographs, 1938; Ronald A. Smith's Pay for Play: A History of Big-Time College Athletic Reform; Stephen John Hartnett's Challenging the Prison Industrial Complex: Activism, Arts, and Educational Alternatives; Robert L. Stone's Sacred Steel: Inside an African American Steel Guitar Tradition; and David C. Dougherty's Shouting Down the Silence: A Biography of Stanley Elkin.
University of Chicago Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Garret Kiely, director, says: The University of Chicago Press is committed to bringing our award-winning books and journals to readers wherever (and in whatever format) they want them. We have a rich history of publishing the finest books and journals in the sciences, the humanities and the social sciences and we have been in the forefront of making these available on all the popular ebook sites. We were the first university press to sell a wide selection of our titles direct to consumers on our website and we have an active presence on Facebook and Twitter. The best example of what we are trying to achieve can be seen in the build-up to the publication of the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. We have been very busy answering style questions from our Twitter feed (@ChicagoManual) as we prepare to launch simultaneous print and online editions of this iconic work for the first time. In addition, some of our bestselling ebooks are titles that we have kept in print for more than 50 years. University presses have an obligation to disseminate their works as widely as possible and we at Chicago have jumped at the chance to use emerging technologies to fulfill our mission." Notable new titles include Massimo Pigluicci's Nonsense on Stilts: How to Tell Science from Bunk; Robert A. Pape and James K. Feldman's Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism & How To Stop It (argues that foreign occupation causes suicide terrorism); Robert K. Elder's Last Words of the Executed; Rogert Ebert's The Great Movies III; and Reginald Gibbons's Slow Trains Overhead: Chicago Poems and Stories.
University Press of Kansas" width="52" height="52"/>
Susan Schott, Assistant Director and Marketing Manager, says: "Our press is strongly committed to publishing top-quality books in American politics, history, law, and Constitutional studies. We publish the following series: American Political Thought, American Presidential Elections, the American Presidency Series, Modern First Ladies, and Landmark Law Cases and American Society (which was awarded the prestigious Scribes Award from the American Society of Legal Writers--the first time in its history that the prize was awarded to an entire series). Our books are routinely shortlisted for the American Bar Association's Silver Gavel Award, and our book on the Constitutional amendment process was awarded the Bancroft Prize." New titles of great interest include Robert H. Ferrell's Inside the Nixon Administration: The Secret Diary of Arthur Burns, 1969-1974; Edward P. Morgan's What Really Happened to the 1960s: How Mass Media Culture Failed American Democracy; Harold H. Bruff's Bad Advice: Bush's Lawyers in the War on Terror; Thomas A. Spragens, Jr.'s Getting the Left Right: The Transformation, Decline, and Reformation of American Liberalism; Charles L. Zelden's Bush v. Gore: Exposing the Hidden Crisis in American Democracy; Sidney M. Milkis's Theodore Roosevelt, the Progressive Party, and the Transformation of American Democracy; David M. Oshinsky's Capital Punishment on Trial: Furman v. Georgia and the Death Penalty in Modern America; Louis Fisher's The Constitution and 9/11: Recurring Threats to America's Freedoms; and Bruce Miroff's The Liberals' Moment: The McGovern Insurgency and the Identity Crisis of the Democratic Party.
University of California Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Lynne Withey, director, says: "For over a hundred years, University of California Press has provided a voice for great ideas. Our authors represent fields ranging from literature and the arts to the social and natural sciences, and their work makes a difference to lives around the world. We are particularly excited about this fall's forthcoming Autobiography of Mark Twain, which 100 years after Twain's death will finally tell the story of his life exactly as he intended it. A major part of our mission is to illuminate the history and culture of California. In February we're launching an innovative new journal Boom, funded in part by a major grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, which will be the first and only scholarly magazine to explore the Golden State in its totality." Laura Cerruti, Director of Digital Content Development, says about the transition to digital technology: "UC Press has been a leader in making our journal content online and in working with wholesale and retail e-booksellers to make our catalog of e-book titles widely available on a variety of different platforms." Exciting new titles include Rebecca Solnit'sInfinite City: A San Francisco Atlas; Samir Kassir's Beirut; Steve Anker et al.'s Radical Light: Alternative Film and Video in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1945-2000; Peter Schrag's Not Fit For Our Society: Immigration and Nativism in America; Adel Iskandar and Hakem Rustom's Edward Said: Emancipation and Representation; and most excitingly, Robert Duncan's The H.D. Book (The Collected Writings of Robert Duncan).
University of Wisconsin Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Among the press's prominent series are the Wisconsin Studies in Autobiography; Wisconsin Studies in Classics; Living Out: Gay and Lesbian Autobiography; Studies in Dance History; George L. Mosse Series in Modern European Cultural and Intellectual History; and The History of American Thought and Culture. Chris Caldwell, publicity director, mentions the following new books as particularly noteworthy: Alfred W. McCoy's Policing America's Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State (traces the birth of American empire and consequent buildup of government spying and repression at home and abroad), Paul Shankman's The Trashing of Margaret Mead: Anatomy of an Anthropological Controversy ; Philip Gambone's Travels in a Gay Nation: Portraits of LGBTQ Americans; French journalist Thierry Cruvellier's Court of Remorse: Inside the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; and Susana Chavez-Silverman's Scenes from la Cuenca de Los Angeles y otros Natural Disasters (a groundbreaking, border-breaking memoir utilizing Spanglish to create a new literary and linguistic idiom). Three forthcoming titles to watch: Bruce L. Mouser's For Labor, Race, and Library: George Edwin Taylor, His Historic Run for the White House, and the Making of Independent Black Politics; Tino Balio's The Foreign Film Renaissance on American Screens, 1946-1973 (charts the postwar birth of art house cinema); and Will Fellows and Helen P. Branson's Gay Bar: The Fabulous, True Story of a Daring Woman and Her Boys in the 1950s (about Helen Branson, a gray-haired grandmother who owned and operated a gay bar in West Hollywood amidst the stifling conformity and repression of the 1950s)."
University of Nebraska Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Donna Shear, director, says: "We're proud of our long commitment to publishing Native American, Western American, and regional history and literature. We're the largest and most diverse university press between California and Chicago and we take that role very seriously, publishing 160 new titles per year and keeping 3,000 titles in print. Next year, we'll mark the 50th anniversary of the first books published under our paperback imprint Bison Books. Bison Books makes classic literature accessible and affordable for everyone. Editors selected books for popular appeal and lasting value. UNP first published eight paperbacks under this imprint in 1961, including Old Jules by Mari Sandoz, and sold them for $1.00-$1.50 each. The books sold in truck stops and dime stores and were immediately popular. The Bison goal is still one we embrace today: making and keeping literature accessible and affordable. That's why we are making as many of our titles available in various e-book formats as we can. It's also why we continue to be committed to literature in translation, having published in English the last two Nobel laureates in literature. UNP is one of the most active American publishers of translated work. I'm especially excited about the publication in October of Four Years in Europe with Buffalo Bill--the first of The Papers of William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody series. This series is another indication of our commitment to the history and literature of the region, much like our comprehensive seven-volume Definitive Journals of Lewis and Clark we published in the early 2000s." Titles of special interest include Ted Gilley's Bliss and Other Short Stories (winner of the Prairie Schooner Book Prize in Fiction) and Sonya Huber's Cover Me: A Health Insurance Memoir (Bison Books).
University Press of Colorado" width="52" height="52"/>
Darrin Pratt, Director, tells the Huffington Post: "The University Press of Colorado is dedicated to publishing cutting-edge, significant scholarship in the fields of archaeology, history, and natural history. As an institution, we are committed to our authors and ensuring that they have a very pleasant publishing experience with UPC, and we also take pride in being a good place to work. Recently, we took the lead on a very exciting collaboration among six university presses, called the Archaeology of the Americas Digital Monograph Initiative, to help guide our transition into a digital publishing environment. Recent titles that we are very proud of include Anthony Aveni's The End of Time: The Maya Mystery of 2012; Crossroads of Culture: Anthropology Collections at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science; and Lane Ryo Hirabayashi's Japanese American Resettlement through the Lens. Forthcoming titles we are excited about include: Ethelia Ruiz Medran's Mexico's Indigenous Communities: Their Lands and Histories, 1500-2010; Helen Haines and Clare Sammells's Adventures in Eating: Anthropological Experiences in Dining from Around the World; David Robertson's Hard as the Rock Itself: Place and Identity in the American Mining Town; and Sarah Lyon's Coffee and Community: Maya Farmers and Fair-Trade Markets."
University of Iowa Press" width="52" height="52"/>
Holly Carver, Director, says: "At the University of Iowa Press we're deliberately staying crazy-glued to our traditional strengths while taking a flying but well-organized leap into the digital future. Our evolving e-book program extends the range of our print-book program in theatre history, short fiction, poetry, the craft of writing, American literature, etc.--it's an energizing and exuberant time to be a scholarly publisher! My favorite UI Press books for fall are John McNally's snarky and savvy The Creative Writer's Survival Guide, Iowa Short Fiction Award winners The Company of Heaven: Stories from Haiti by Marilène Phipps-Kettlewell and Lester Higata's 20th Century by Barbara Hamby, and Claudia McGehee's avian-ode for children Where Do Birds Live?" Other titles of interest include Carl H. Klaus's The Made-Up Self: Impersonation in the Personal Essay; Joshua Marie Wilkinson's Poets on Teaching: A Sourcebook; Matthew J. C. Cella's Bad Land Pastoralism in Great Plains Fiction; and Jerry Harp's For Us, What Music? The Life and Poetry of Donald Justice.
Columbia University Press " width="52" height="52"/>
If cutting-edge literary theory excites you, CUP is the place for you. Asian studies and literature, with a focus on core teaching courses, is another great specialization. In recent years CUP has published Theodor Adorno, Talal Asad, Peter Brown, Judith Butler, Eileen Chang, Arthur Danto, John Lewis Gaddis, Mikhail Gorbachev, Roald Hoffman, Donald Keene, Julia Kristeva, John Allen Paulos, John Rawls, Jeffrey Sachs, Edward Said, Joseph Stiglitz, Hervé This, and Kenneth Waltz. Film and media studies, Middle Eastern studies, and New York City history are other specialties. Intriguing new titles include Francois Dosse's Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari: Intersecting Lives; David Foster Wallace's Fate, Time, and Language; Roland Barthes's The Preparation for the Novel; Giorgio Agamben et al.'s Democracy in What State?, David Omand's Securing the State; Qian Zhongshu's Humans, Beasts, and Ghosts; Xiaomei Chen's The Columbia Anthology of Modern Chinese Drama; Salma Khadra Jayyusi's Classical Arabic Stories; and Steven D. Carter's Haiku Before Haiku: From the Renga Masters to Basho.