This is a stellar piece of reporting from Felicity Barringer and Andy Revkin at the NYT. There's a lot of background, context, and detail packed into a small space. What's made clear by the piece, and by the graphic comparison of emissions scenarios, is that the nation has an astonishing array of climate legislation options before it -- where once there were none.
Here's the first option:
Diddly Squat, aka, The Bush Plan: Bush gave the back of his hand to talk of emissions caps last week. Expect the State of the Union to introduce a "dramatic" "new" energy plan consisting of enormous subsidies to Big Corn (ritualized fealty will be paid to far-off cellulosic) and enormous subsidies to
Big Clean Coal and Big Nuke. The one concession to greens, and sanity, will be a small boost in CAFE standards, and probably only for cars and notfor "light trucks," i.e. SUVs.
Here are the main four -- four! -- alternatives from the Senate:
- Mediocre Emissions Limits + Nuke Subsidies: The McCain-Lieberman Bill, now cleverly rebranded the McCain-Lieberman-Obama Bill, is the leading candidate. It establishes a middling cap-and-trade system and ladles on, purely for the purpose of appeasing the right (a skill at which McCain is becoming quite adept), a bunch of nuke subsidies.
- Mild Emissions Limits + Not Really: Jeff Bingaman (D-N.M.) is proposing a watered down set of caps -- industries would have to "stabilize their emissions by 2020 at levels registered in 2013" -- along with an "escape valve" that would let companies out of it if they, you know, didn't like it or whatever. This thin gruel is said to represent "the center" in the Senate.
- Tougher Emissions Limits + Boost CAFE Standards + Subsidize Big Corn + Raise Energy Efficiency Standards: Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and Tom Carper (D-Del.) are introducing bills to cap emissions at electric plants and create a cap-and-trade system. Feinstein promises more bills that will raise auto fuel efficiency and energy efficiency standards and dump some money on biofuels.
- Emissions Limits Equal to the Task at Hand: Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) has introduced legislation that would cut U.S. emissions 80% from 1990 levels by 2050 through a combination of mandatory emissions cuts and subsidies to clean energy. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.) is co-sponsoring and calls it the "gold standard." (Retired Sen. James Jeffords (I-Vt.) introduced it last session.) Sanders concludes:
As a country that represents only 6% of the world's population butproduces 25% of its greenhouse gas emissions, we have a moralobligation to lead the way toward reducing these emissions. For yoursake and the sake of your children and grandchildren, we must meet thatobligation.
I don't know if it's a coordinated strategy, but Senate Dems are chucking a whole handful of spaghetti at the wall to see what sticks. The advantage of this approach is that the tougher measures makes the weaker measures look moderate, and the sheer number of bills make inaction look extreme. The disadvantage is that the weakest is pretty damn weak, and all the usual suspects will hone in on it.
I would prefer the Sanders bill, of course, but Dems need 60 votes to get past a filibuster, so they'll have to lure some Republicans -- not to mention intransigent Dems like West Virginia's Robert Byrd.
Note, as several reporters have, that one climate bill is sponsored by what may well turn out to be both parties' leading candidate for president in 2008. Action is happening in this area. The moment has finally arrived.