WASHINGTON — Regulators say they have closed a small bank in Chicago, bringing to three the number of U.S. bank failures this year following 51 closures in 2012.
Bank closures also are off to a far slower start. Nine banks had failed by this time last year.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. on Friday seized Covenant Bank, which had about $58.4 million in assets and $54.2 million in deposits as of Dec. 31.
Liberty Bank and Trust Co., based in New Orleans, agreed to assume all of Covenant Bank's deposits and buy essentially all of the failed lender's assets.
The failure of Covenant Bank, which had a single banking branch, is expected to cost the deposit insurance fund $21.8 million.
U.S. bank closures have been declining since they peaked in 2010 in the wake of the financial crisis and the Great Recession.
In 2007 just three banks went under. That number jumped to 25 in 2008, after the financial meltdown, and ballooned to 140 in 2009.
In 2010 regulators seized 157 banks, the most in any year since the savings and loan crisis two decades ago. The FDIC has said 2010 likely was the high-water mark for bank failures from the recession. They declined to a total of 92 in 2011.
Last year bank failures slowed to 51, but that's still more than normal.
In a strong economy an average of only four or five banks close annually. The sharply reduced pace of closings shows sustained improvement.
From 2008 through 2011, bank failures cost the deposit insurance fund an estimated $88 billion, and the fund fell into the red in 2009. But with failures slowing, the fund's balance turned positive in the second quarter of 2011. By Sept. 30 of this year it stood at $25.2 billion, up from $22.7 billion at the end of June.
The FDIC expects bank failures from 2012 through 2016 to cost $10 billion.