THE BLOG
03/14/2013 02:56 pm ET | Updated May 14, 2013

Is America a Christian or Secular Nation?

It never fails. It happens every time I am lecturing or doing a radio interview about American secularism and the exceedingly complex question of whether our Constitution defines our nation as secular. Like clockwork, somebody calls in and asks me about the Treaty of Tripoli.

My guest, John Fea, professor of history at Messiah College notes that he, too, is always queried about this obscure 1796 document, Article 11 of which stipulates, "As the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion..." Which is interesting because he often engages the exceedingly complex question of whether our Constitution defines our nation as Christian.

If you want to know what the Treaty of Tripoli is and why we should be so cautious when interpreting those cryptic 16 words of the religion clauses of the First Amendment, then listen to Professor Fea's rich and detailed reflections on our foundational documents.

Along the way, all sorts of intriguing happenings occur. Professor Fea chuckles at my inveterate Yankee-ness for not understanding the significance that the Constitution of the Confederate States of America still maintains in the South. For my part, I heard myself saying that I wanted to destigmatize the word "secularism," if only so that scholars who have no animus toward it could one day re-stigmatize it.

We watch a video clip from Senator John F. Kennedy's 1960 address in which he thundered, "I believe in an America where the separation of church and state is absolute." We juxtapose it with President Obama's authors like Professor Fea.