Ultras have for the past eight years been at the core of anti-government protest in Egypt. They have been the drivers of student protests in the last two years against the regime of Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, the general-turned-president who in 2013 toppled Mohammed Morsi, Egypt's first and only democratically elected president.
BEIRUT -- The immediate emotional reaction -- including mass anger -- among Jordanians to the brutal killing of air force pilot Muath al-Kaseasbeh by the Islamic State is totally understandable and justified; but behind the current wave of enraged sentiments and demands for revenge is a complex matrix of emotions, ideologies and state-building realities that reveal the deeper challenges that King Abdullah faces.
In today's Arab world people are cowed, frightened and living under increasing repression. The press is frightened, too. How could it be otherwise in a region where an alliance of governments, private media businesses, and the public has set itself against dissenting voices, portrayed increasingly as a threat to state security?
Leaving aside the fanatic fringe -- and it is just a fringe -- much of the world conflates "Muslim" and "Arab," although this is far from accurate. Many people seem willing to attribute the worst characteristics of a few to the many, and so the actions of a relatively small number of murderers can taint all 1.6 billion Muslims and 340 million Arabs.
In light of the ongoing turmoil in the Middle East with no end on sight, what is one to make out of the contradictory relationship between the United States and Egypt. Of interest, is the latest decision by the Egyptian government to deny entry to a former U.S. diplomat, Michele Dunne, to attend a conference in Cairo.