Forecasters expect 2016 to be the warmest year ever recorded. Models suggest this is primarily because of the long term warming trend caused by man-made climate change. But around 25 percent of the warming expected for 2016 is explained by the strong El Niño, which exacerbates the warming impact of climate change.
In 1995, our world was a very different place. The global population was a little more than 5.6 billion people, retailer Amazon had just opened its virtual doors on the Internet, the DVD was introduced and the first UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP1) took place in Berlin, Germany, garnering the attention of a small set of scientists and policymakers.
There are five months remaining until COP21; however, there are less than 10 days of negotiations left until the Paris meeting -- only two more meetings of negotiators, one in August and one in October. This is not very much time at all to finalize the conditions of the framework and have all parties agree to implementation.