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Cold War

Russia's Aim in Syria Is to Strategically Defeat ISIS and Al Qaeda

Alastair Crooke | Posted 10.09.2015 | World
Alastair Crooke

BEIRUT -- All the hoo-ha over Russia's Syrian military intervention probably stems from the sense that this initiative could mark the birth of something serious -- a non-Western coalition whose objective is precisely to preempt NATO-style regime change projects.

Bonding Before Spectre: Thunderball at 50

William Bradley | Posted 10.07.2015 | Entertainment
William Bradley

The latest Bond extravaganza will be upon us in just a few weeks. Following on the massive commercial and critical success of the 50th anniversary Bond film, 2012's Skyfall, the new film promises to tie the previous three films of the Daniel Craig incarnation of the timeless British superspy into the sort of continuity seldom seen in the venerable franchise.

Putin Drops the Bombs and Deals the Cards in Syria and Ukraine

Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey | Posted 10.05.2015 | World
Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey

The challenge of Putin as well as ISIS requires an answer beyond avoidance and containment. The threat is immediate but also the challenge to the rule of law and the ideology upon which free and democratic states have prospered as societies and economies over the last few decades.

Obama's Big UN Week Sunk by Putin's Clever Gambit, Iran's Cold Rebuke, and Multiple U.S. Policy Failures

William Bradley | Posted 10.03.2015 | Politics
William Bradley

We may look back on this week as one of the true nadirs in America's post-9/11 efforts to lead the world, a series of events that make the failures of America's shallow strategies, of both Republican and Democratic administrations. It is a particular low point for President Obama.

'Ready for Hillary' Banner Ads Embedded With Nuclear Launch Codes. Clinton Camp Says No Laws Were Broken

H. A. Goodman | Posted 09.25.2015 | Comedy
H. A. Goodman

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. - In a scene reminiscent of a bad 80s film, "Ready for Hillary" banner ads overwhelmed government servers, resulting in a partial freeze of the U.S. government mainframe.

A Brief History of Education in the United States (Part 2)

Alan Singer | Posted 09.16.2015 | Education
Alan Singer

Education is never either an independent force in American society or a principle agent for social change. It is a reflection of the basic debates talking place in the broader society.

The Berlin Crisis of 1961

ADST | Posted 09.07.2015 | World

This account was compiled from an interview done by ADST in 1995 with Kempton B. Jenkins, who was posted to Embassy Moscow during this tense time and recounts Ambassador to the Soviet Union Llewellyn E. Thompson's (aka "Tommy") meetings with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrey Gromyko.

Operation Rolling Thunder: Behind the Fog of War

ADST | Posted 09.04.2015 | World

The call by South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Khánh on July 19, 1964 to expand the Vietnam conflict led to an operation of gradual and sustained U.S. aerial bombardment of North Vietnam known as Operation Rolling Thunder.

It's Never Been So Bad As It Always Is

Nathan Timmel | Posted 09.03.2015 | Parents
Nathan Timmel

Life has always been about fear, it's just that adults tend to forget what we went through and want to protect the current generation from what they're experiencing. The reality is: the children of today will survive the pressures of fear just as my generation did, just as every generation has.

Why We Don't Need Another Space Race

Jan Millsapps, Ph.D. | Posted 08.24.2015 | Science
Jan Millsapps, Ph.D.

These days we talk about human missions to Mars as if a new type of space race has begun, one clearly distanced from the original by a good 40 or more years, a race we believe we won, because we sent astronauts to the moon. What if the original race never ended?

The Carter Presidency Revisited

Bennet Kelley | Posted 08.23.2015 | Politics
Bennet Kelley

Since Democrats raced to distance themselves from Carter with almost as much vigor as Republican embraced him, the Carter failure meme has gone unchallenged for 35 years. With Carter's announcement that he is fighting advanced cancer, maybe it is time to set the record straight.

Solidarity or Self-interest? European Integration and the German Question

David Miles | Posted 08.21.2015 | Politics
David Miles

The challenge for the European Union and its member states, particularly Germany, is in balancing the often incongruous demands of co-operation and self-interest, and thus demonstrate to their own citizens that concrete achievements can still create a Europe of solidarity and prosperity as Schuman envisaged.

The August Coup and the Final Days of the Soviet Union

ADST | Posted 08.19.2015 | World

This account was compiled from an interview done by ADST in February 2003 with William Green Miller, who was working in Moscow for the American Committee on U.S at the time.

Where in the World Is the Berlin Wall Now?

Dorian de Wind | Posted 08.18.2015 | World
Dorian de Wind

My small chunks of Wall are not autographed by celebrities, they do not have the original graffiti, yet these pieces of almost indestructible concrete are a treasured and constant reminder of how fragile freedom is.

The CIA's Coup Against Iran's Mohammad Mossadegh

ADST | Posted 08.18.2015 | World

Beginning in January 1953, the U.S. and Britain agreed to work together toward Mosaddegh's removal. The plot, known as Operation Ajax, centered on convincing Iran's monarch to issue a decree to dismiss Mossadegh from office.

The 54th Anniversary of the Berlin Wall

ADST | Posted 08.13.2015 | World

The Wall was initially constructed in the middle of Berlin, and expanded over the following months. It entirely cut off West Berlin from the surrounding East Germany, prohibiting East Germans to pass into West Germany.

The Atomic Bomb at 70: Its Fearsome Impact, Frightful Legacy, and Potential Stellar Redemption

William Bradley | Posted 08.11.2015 | Politics
William Bradley

As horrifying as the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs were, the quantum leap forward in destructive power afforded by the hydrogen bomb made our situation far more perilous. We've been fortunate that virtually unthinkable destruction has not ensued since the nuclear arms race of the 1950s.

Raging Dinosaurs, Giant Ants and Death Rays: Looking Back on the Nuclear Age

Tom Engelhardt | Posted 08.06.2015 | Politics
Tom Engelhardt

The nuclear age. Doesn't that phrase seem like ancient history? With the twin anniversaries of the obliteration of Hiroshima and Nagasaki coming around again, this is its 70th birthday.

It Should Never Be Done Again: Hiroshima, 70 Years Later

William Astore | Posted 08.06.2015 | World
William Astore

It seemed the bombs had been worth it, saving countless American (and Japanese) lives, seeing that a major invasion of the Japanese home islands was no longer needed.  But was the A-bomb truly decisive in convincing the Japanese to surrender?

Planning for World's End

Tom Engelhardt | Posted 08.04.2015 | Politics
Tom Engelhardt

So many decades later, it's hard to remember the kind of nuclear thinking top American officials engaged in during the Cold War. In secret National Security Council documents of the early 1950s, the country's top strategists descended willingly into the charnel house of futuristic history.

Funny Money: CIA Counterfeiting in Poland

ADST | Posted 08.04.2015 | World

Communism was relegated to the dustbin of history for many reasons, foremost among them were its warped economic policies. In places like Poland during the 1960s, foreigners with access to hard currency could easily game the system and do pretty well.

Kissinger and Lord in China: A How-To Guide for Secret Negotiations

ADST | Posted 08.04.2015 | World

At the height of the Cold War, with the death toll mounting in Vietnam and the split between the USSR and China becoming more and more evident, it became clear to the Nixon Administration that ending the war in Vietnam and opening relations with China could be a two-front victory.

Nixon vs. Khrushchev: The 1959 Kitchen Debate

ADST | Posted 08.04.2015 | World

It was undoubtedly one of the most unorthodox - and therefore memorable - settings for a major political debate. On July 24th, 1959, the United States...

Attacks Against Bernie Sanders Have Reached New Depths

Warren J. Blumenfeld | Posted 07.22.2015 | Politics
Warren J. Blumenfeld

To imply that Bernie Sanders' style of Democratic Socialism even stands on the same side of the political spectrum as the National Socialism of the Nazi Party shows not only a total misunderstanding of history and political theory, but more importantly, it underscores yet again the dog whistle politics of neo-conservatism.

The Trump Phenomenon and U.S. Political Culture

Daniel Wagner | Posted 07.15.2015 | Politics
Daniel Wagner

The only things that really matter in Republican politics today are name recognition, a degree of celebrity, and the ability to make outrageous statements that appeal to a minority of voters.