The copper mines of Chile are a man's world. Traditionally, miners have considered women bad luck for operations. But Isabel Galleguillos paid no attention to that. She dared to become the first woman to own a mine in the country.
"Resource nationalism" pertains here -- the right of a nation to exchange its resources for return to its population and general social welfare that is sustainable over time. Globalization has stood that idea on its head.
Going green will drive the open-pit copper mining industry with a new demand for copper components. Going green is best for the planet, but doing so will mean digging enormous holes in the Earth, all of them bleeding toxic metals into watersheds in the name of clean technology.
"If someone dies, he can be replaced tomorrow, and if you report the problem, you'll lose your job." This, in the words of a Zambian copper miner, describes the downside of the growing investment of Chinese companies in Africa over the last decade.