That means adding a track to the 9.8-mile segment of the Long Island Rail Road's Main Line from Floral Park to Hicksville. The extra track would eliminate the current bottleneck where so many branches converge. It would increase the frequency of trains and enable effective reverse commuting to take place.
If we are to stay below the 2°C temperature rise, we have to reverse this sense of inevitability, whether it is in the guise of pragmatism or complacency. To aggressively pursue a low-carbon economy, the Keystone XL pipeline is not just as good a place to start as any, but better. It is an infrastructure project -- yesterday's infrastructure.
Even 25 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, West Germany's economic performance still serves as a model for those further to the east. Poland, for instance, has posted one of the more successful economic records of the countries of East-Central Europe. But this success is nothing compared with what West Germany was able to achieve in the two decades after World War II.
Ryszard Zoltaniecki is a sociologist who has also worked in the Polish foreign ministry, where he served as the ambassador to Greece. It was not long into our August 2013 interview in an outdoor café in Warsaw that we began to address larger questions like the European financial crisis. The economic setback, he pointed out, marked the end of an era.