The former Afghan president Hamid Karzai seems mad at his successor and ex-chief advisor, President Ashraf Ghani, for brokering a new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Afghan National Directorate of Security (NDS) and the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), Pakistan's powerful intelligence agency.
Many Pakistanis are torn between their support for democracy and civilian control of the military, on the one hand, and their desire for social and political reform, on the other. Just as Sharif is the flawed advocate of democracy, Khan and Qadri's calls for reform have been tainted by their covert ties with the military and its intelligence arms.
It has yet to be determined whether Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's decision to invite Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to his swearing-in ceremony will translate into substantive improvement in Pakistan-India relations. This will be dictated primarily by two factors: the mutual interests and actions of both actors and the state of security within Pakistan.