Military operations resulted in an economic recession and deepened local infighting. Saudi Arabia has also lost soldiers in battle and faces increased retaliatory attacks. To avoid further bloodshed, it would be wise for Saudi Arabia to consider using diplomacy rather than facing the Houthis head-on.
Since the U.S does not have clear and detailed policy towards the conflicts in the Middle East, and since the U.S policy is currently anchored in the wait-and-see foreign policy, Washington is more willing to delegate the task of fighting the Islamic State or resolving the crisis in Syria and Yemen, to Tehran and Moscow or other nations.
Assad is not only an individual who can be replaced by someone else, but he is an indispensable part of the Syrian state; he embodies the domination of Alawite in the political establishment. The removal of Assad from power will be a strong blow to the Syrian government, and a moral boost to the oppositional and rebel groups.
When it comes to Iran's economic landscape after the nuclear deal, major questions to address are: What sectors will likely witness foreign investment and flourish the most? Which countries are more likely to rekindle business and gain more? What will be the Iranian leaders invest in the most? What are the opportunities and risks?
For Iranian leaders, their geopolitical, strategic and diplomatic ties with Muslim and Arab states are crucial since they desire to project the Islamic Republic as the front runner of the Muslim world, ideologically speaking. Iranian leaders are more concerned of being distanced and isolated by Muslim countries than Western powers