Scientists believe steelhead are more likely to survive climate change without the dam. Creek water temperatures will increase along with air temperature, possibly exceeding the steelhead's tolerance range.
In 2013 the Canadian artist Kelly Jazvac and a geologist Patricia Corcoran discovered a new form of stone: they called it plastiglomerate, congealed masses of plastic waste merged with oceanic lava rock, coral, and sediment.
Despite its status as one of the most hazardous consumer products ever created, PVC and its associated chemical additives are managed in much the same way as food scraps and grass clippings after disposal.
This initiative represents a powerful and focused effort on the part of international leaders to regenerate and refocus our collective energy on solutions that respond most directly to the intervening negative circumstances that have challenged the world ocean ecosystem to its core.
There are alternatives: ground apricot shells and cocoa beans are proposed as substitute natural exfoliates for the various products. But if the industry ignores the argument and resists product modification, there is as always the option to legislate a solution.
In the long run, we need to fundamentally change our manufacturing paradigm, including how we produce, collect and reuse the range of products we depend upon every day. But in the short run, we have to stop the flow of plastics reaching the ocean.
Phthalates used to soften and make flexible rigid plastics like PVC, are also endocrine disrupters. Just like BPA, the impacts from these endocrine disrupters is most dangerous when the fetus is developing.
Of the many organizations and initiatives dedicated to ocean sustainability, we often point to smaller groups and individuals attempting and succeeding in making a difference through specific actions directed at local issues and solutions.
Supporting our culture of convenience is a pervasive material that, while seemingly harmless in our car's cup holders, actually does so much damage to our planet. But it is not an issue to be taken lightly anymore.
Politicizing the environment makes for bad government and pandering to a special interest constituency is no justification for trading the benefit and betterment of our environment for the privilege and profit of a select few.